|Scientific Name:||Heterohyrax brucei|
|Species Authority:||(Gray, 1868)|
Heterohyrax antineae (Heim de Balsac & Begouen, 1932)
Heterohyrax chapini (Hatt, 1933)
|Taxonomic Notes:||This genus is sometimes considered to be polytypic, with the forms antineae (from the Ahaggar Massif in southern Algeria) and chapini treated as distinct isolated species (e.g., Schlitter 1993). Heterohyrax chapini is here subsumed under H. brucei, following recent authors (Barry and Shoshani 2000, Shoshani 2005, Barry and Hoeck in press), while the form antineae is considered to be a synonym of P. capensis (Hoffmann, M., Hoeck, H.N. and De Smet, K. unpubl.). Numerous subspecies have been described, and while the validity of many is in doubt, some may represent distinct species (see Barry and Shoshani 2000 and Barry and Hoeck in press for review).|
|Red List Category & Criteria:||Least Concern ver 3.1|
|Assessor(s):||Barry, R., Bloomer, P., Hoeck, H. & Shoshani, H. (IUCN SSC Afrotheria Specialist Group)|
|Reviewer(s):||Rathbun, G. (Afrotheria Red List Authority) & Hoffmann, M. (Global Mammal Assessment Team)|
Listed as Least Concern in view of its wide distribution, presumed large population, its occurrence in a number of protected areas, and because it is unlikely to be declining fast enough to qualify for listing in a more threatened category.
|Range Description:||This species has a wide distribution in Africa from the northern parts of South Africa (Limpopo and Mpumalanga provinces) northwards to Ethiopia and Sudan; there is a disjunct population in the west-central Angola (H. b. bocagei) (Barry and Shoshani 2000; Barry and Hoeck in press) and an apparently isolated population in south-western Democratic Republic of Congo (H. b. chapini). References to this species in Algeria and Egypt are in error, and both relate to confusion with P. capensis (Hoffmann, M., Hoeck, H.N. and De Smet, K. unpubl.).|
Native:Angola (Angola); Botswana; Burundi; Congo, The Democratic Republic of the; Eritrea; Ethiopia; Kenya; Malawi; Mozambique; Namibia; Rwanda; Somalia; South Africa; South Sudan; Sudan; Tanzania, United Republic of; Uganda; Zambia; Zimbabwe
|Range Map:||Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.|
|Population:||Widespread and abundant in East Africa, but more localized and at lower population densities in parts of southern Africa. Densities in the Matobo N. P. in Zimbabwe ranged from 0.5-1.1 individuals per ha from 1992-1996 (Barry and Mundy 1998). Rainfall, through its effect on fecundity, appears to be the factor primarily responsible for annual fluctuations in abundance (Barry and Mundy 1998).|
|Habitat and Ecology:||Habitat consists of rocky kopjes (small hills or outcrops), sheer cliffs or precipices, and piles of large boulders, commonly in association with Rock Hyrax Procavia capensis (Barry and Shoshani 2000; Barry and Hoeck in press). They are found to elevations of 3,800 m in East Africa (Kingdon 1971). Predominantly a browser, feeding on leaves, fruits, stems and bark (Barry and Shoshani 2000). A comprehensive review can be found in Barry and Shoshani (2000) and Barry and Hoeck (in press).|
|Use and Trade:||It is used for meat and skins.|
|Major Threat(s):||There are no major threats to this species. Locally, the species may be hunted.|
|Conservation Actions:||Bush Hyrax are found in many protected areas across their range. The taxonomic and population status of isolated populations should be assessed.|
Barry, R.E. and Hoeck, H.E. 2013. Heterohyrax brucei Bush Hyrax. In: J.S. Kingdon, D.C.D. Happold and M. Hoffmann (eds), Mammals of Africa. Vol. 1. Introductory Chapters and Afrotheria., pp. 161-165. Bloomsbury, London.
Barry, R.E. and Mundy, P.J. 1998. Population dynamics of two species of hyraxes in the Matobo National Park, Zimbabwe. African Journal of Ecology 36: 221-233.
Barry, R.E. and Shoshani, J. 2000. Heterohyrax brucei. Mammalian Species 645: 1-7.
Bothma, J. du P. 1971. Order Hyracoidea. In: J. Meester and H. H. Setzer (eds), The Mammals of Africa: An Identification Manual, Smithsonian Institution Press, Washington, DC, USA.
Hoeck, H.N. 1975. Differential feeding behacior of the sympatric hyrax Procavia johnstoni and Heterohyrax brucei. Oecologia 22: 15-49.
Kingdon, J.S. 1971. East African Mammals. An Atlas of Evolution in Africa. Academic Press, London, UK.
Schlitter, D.A. 1993. Order Hyracoidea. In: D.E. Wilson and D.M. Reeder (eds), Mammal Species of the World: A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference, pp. 373-374. Smithsonian Institution Press, Washington, DC, USA.
Shoshani, J. 2005. Order Hyracoidea. In: D. E. Wilson and D. M. Reeder (eds), Mammal Species of the World, pp. 87-89. The Johns Hopkins University Press, Baltimore, MD, USA.
|Citation:||Barry, R., Bloomer, P., Hoeck, H. & Shoshani, H. (IUCN SSC Afrotheria Specialist Group) 2008. Heterohyrax brucei. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2014.3. <www.iucnredlist.org>. Downloaded on 26 January 2015.|
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