|Scientific Name:||Georychus capensis|
|Species Authority:||(Pallas, 1778)|
|Taxonomic Notes:||Populations from KwaZulu-Natal may prove to be separate species (Nevo et al. 1987, Honeycutt et al. 1987).|
|Red List Category & Criteria:||Least Concern ver 3.1|
|Assessor(s):||Maree, S. & Faulkes, C.|
|Reviewer(s):||Amori, G. (Small Nonvolant Mammal Red List Authority) & Cox, N. (Global Mammal Assessment Team)|
Listed as Least Concern because, it is an adaptable and common species, relatively widely distributed, and there are no major threats to the species.
|Range Description:||This species occurs in mesic regions of South Africa (above 500 mm rainfall). It has a disjunct distribution in southwestern Cape north to Citrusdal and Nieuwoutdwal, and eastwards to Port Elizabeth and the Transkei. There are isolated populations in KwaZulu-Natal close to the border with Lesotho (the species possibly once ranged along the coast; Taylor 1998), and in Mpumalanga (specifically Belfast, Wakkerstroom and Ermelo).|
|Range Map:||Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.|
|Population:||This is an uncommon, localized species. Population densities may exceed 30 animals per sq km in the area of Cape Town.|
|Habitat and Ecology:||This is a subterranean species that is found in most sandy soils, coastal sand dunes and sandy alluvium both along river systems and in the montane regions of the Western Cape and Eastern Cape. Specimens from Wakkerstroom have been collected in red clay and black turf soils amidst montane grassland on the edge of a small vlei (a marshy area) (Bronner 1990). It has also been recorded from anthropogenically disturbed habitats, such as golf courses (for example, at the Nottingham road locality in the Kamburg region), gardens, and even at the University of Cape Town campus. The areas where the species occurs generally receive in excess of 500 mm per annum. It is a largely solitary species that may have two litters of four to ten young per year. The species has a generation length of four years.|
|Major Threat(s):||There are no major threats to the species, and it is often an agricultural and horticultural pest.|
|Conservation Actions:||This species occurs in several protected areas, including Giant's Castle Nature Reserve in the KwaZulu-Natal Drakensberg. Further studies into the taxonomic status of the KwaZulu-Natal populations are needed.|
Bronner, G. N. 1990. New distribution records for four mammal species, with notes on their taxonomy and ecology. Koedoe 33: 1-7.
Honeycutt, R. L., Edwards, S. V., Nelson, K. and Nevo, E. 1987. Mitochondrial DNA variation and the phylogeny of African mole-rats (Rodentia: Bathyergidae). Systematic Zoology 36: 280–292.
Nevo, E., Ben-Shlomo, R., Beiles, A., Jarvis, J. U. M. and Hickman, G. C. 1987. Allozyme differentiation and systematics of the endemic subterranean mole rats of South Africa. Biochemical Systematics and Ecology 15: 489-502.
Rathbun, G.B. (subeditor). 2005. Macroscelidea. In: Skinner, J. D. and Chimimba, C. T. (eds), The mammals of southern Africa subregion, 3rd edition, pp. 813 pp.. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, UK.
Taylor, P. 1998. The smaller mammals of KwaZulu-Natal. University of Natal Press, Pietermaritzburg, South Africa.
|Citation:||Maree, S. & Faulkes, C. 2008. Georychus capensis. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2014.2. <www.iucnredlist.org>. Downloaded on 26 July 2014.|
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