|Scientific Name:||Genetta cristata|
|Species Authority:||Hayman in Sanborn, 1940|
|Taxonomic Notes:||Originally described as a subspecies of the Servaline Genet G. servalina, but here considered a distinct species following Rosevear (1974), Crawford-Cabral (1980-81), Van Rompaey and Colyn (1998) and the studies of Gaubert et al. (2004, 2005, 2006). See Wozencraft (2005) and Van Rompaey and Colyn (in press) for further discussion.|
|Red List Category & Criteria:||Vulnerable A2cd ver 3.1|
|Assessor/s:||Van Rompaey, H., Gaubert, P. & Hoffmann, M.|
|Reviewer/s:||Duckworth, J.W. (Small Carnivore Red List Authority) and Hoffmann, M. (Global Mammal Assessment Team)|
Listed as Vulnerable as the species is believed to have undergone a decline of more than 30% over the last three generations (assuming a generation length of 7 years) based on habitat loss coupled with the impacts of hunting.
|Range Description:||Endemic to Nigeria and Cameroon. Has been recorded as ranging from the Niger R. eastwards to the Sanaga R., but there are also records of the species from west of the Niger Delta (Van Rompaey and Colyn in press). The region between the Niger Delta and the Cross R. is heavily populated and a mosaic of forest patches and cultivated land, but recent records do exist: for example, one was recently bought at the roadside near Azumini (Angelici and Luiselli 2005). Gaubert et al. (2006) give records that show this species ranging more than 500 km south of the Sanaga R. to southern Cameroon, Gabon and Republic of Congo, as well as 180 km west of the known range in Nigeria between Oni and Epe (but these are not mapped). Ranges to more than 1,000 m asl.|
|Range Map:||Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.|
|Population:||In the Niger Delta area the Crested Genet seems common where it occurs, but there is no information on its abundance east of the Cross R. (Van Rompaey and Colyn in press).|
|Habitat and Ecology:||Inhabits scrub, low tangled vegetation, and bare ground below trees in high deciduous forest. Occasionally, also present in secondary and montane forest (Van Rompaey and Colyn in press). In Nigeria, Angelici and Luiselli (2005) found that the presence of this species was statistically correlated to the presence of primary dry forest and bush-mango plantations inside the forest, and to a lesser extent secondary dry forest, and primary flooded forest but negatively influenced by the presence of suburban areas, pineapple plantations, bushlands, and oil palm plantations.|
|Major Threat(s):||Habitat loss is probably a major threat, since the Cross River State forests are rapidly being converted into farms or wastelands and the Niger Delta is exploited as an oil-production area. They are also believed to suffer from high hunting pressure (Van Rompaey and Colyn in press).|
|Conservation Actions:||It is not known whether this species occurs in any protected areas, but it may occur in the Cross River National Park. There are none in the Niger Delta.|
Angelici, F. M. and Luiselli, L. 2005. Habitat associations and dietary relationships between two genets, Genetta maculata and Genetta cristata. Revue d'Écologie (La Terre et la Vie) 60: 341-354.
Crawford-Cabral, J. 1980. The classification of the genets (Carnivora, Viverridae, genus Genetta). Boletim da Sociedade Portuguesa de Ciências Naturais 20: 97-114.
Gaubert, P., Fernandes, C. A., Bruford, M. W. and Veron, G. 2004. Genets (Carnivora, Viverridae) in Africa: an evolutionary synthesis based on cytochrome b sequences and morphological characters. Biological Journal of the Linnean Society 81: 589-610.
Gaubert, P., Papes, M. and Peterson, A. T. 2006. Natural history collections and the conservation of poorly known taxa: Ecological niche modeling in central African rainforest genets (Genetta spp.). Biological Conservation 130: 106-117.
Gaubert, P., Taylor, P. J. and Veron, G. 2005. Integrative taxonomy and phylogenetic systematics of the genets (Carnivora, Viverridae, genus Genetta): a new classification of the most speciose carnivoran genus in Africa. African Biodiversity: Molecules, Organisms, Ecosystems: 371-383.
Rosevear, D. R. 1974. The Carnivores of West Africa. Trustees of the British Museum (Natural History), London, UK.
Van Rompaey, H. and Colyn, M. 1998. A new servaline genet (Carnivora, Viverridae) from Zanzibar Island. South African Journal of Zoology 33: 42-46.
Van Rompaey, H. and Colyn, M. In press. Genetta cristata. In: J. S. Kingdon and M. Hoffmann (eds), The Mammals of Africa, Academic Press, Amsterdam, The Netherlands.
Wozencraft, W. C. 2005. Order Carnivora. In: D. E. Wilson and D. M. Reeder (eds), Mammal Species of the World: A taxonomic and geographic reference. Third Edition, pp. 532-628. Smithsonian Institution Press, Washington, DC, USA.
|Citation:||Van Rompaey, H., Gaubert, P. & Hoffmann, M. 2008. Genetta cristata. In: IUCN 2013. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2013.2. <www.iucnredlist.org>. Downloaded on 21 April 2014.|
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