|Scientific Name:||Gazella saudiya Carruthers & Schwarz, 1935|
Gazella dorcas ssp. saudiya Carruthers & Schwarz, 1935
|Taxonomic Notes:||Gazella saudiya is sometimes treated as a subspecies of Gazella dorcas but, on the basis of genetic analyses, Hammond et al. (2001) maintained that G. saudiya was distinct from G. dorcas, though closely related to it. See also Groves (1988) and Grubb (2005).|
|Red List Category & Criteria:||Extinct ver 3.1|
|Assessor(s):||IUCN SSC Antelope Specialist Group|
There have been no specimens collected or sightings of Gazella saudiya for several decades despite frequent surveys in areas of former habitat. Hammond et al. (2001) showed that three reported captive populations of G. saudiya represent different species or hybrids. Systematic investigations of privately owned populations throughout the Arabian Peninsula provided no evidence of surviving G. saudiya. Systematic investigations of captive collections throughout the Arabian Peninsula have failed to locate any captive individuals.
|Previously published Red List assessments:|
|Range Description:||This species formerly occurred in the Arabian Peninsula with several recorded sites from Kuwait, Saudi Arabia and Yemen. Reports of its occurrence in Iraq are unconfirmed and doubtful (Mallon and Kingswood 2001). Most records are from the western part of Saudi Arabia (Dunham et al. 2001).|
Regionally extinct:Kuwait; Saudi Arabia; Yemen
|Range Map:||Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.|
|Population:||It was reported to be Extinct in the Wild in the 1980s and subsequent reports of captive specimens in collections in the Arabian Peninsula have been shown to refer to other taxa or to hybrids (Hammond et al. 2001).|
|Habitat and Ecology:||Gazella saudiya formerly occurred on gravel and sandy plains (Harrison and Bates 1991). It was a species of open Acacia country, occurring singly or in groups of up to 20.|
|Major Threat(s):||The main cause of its decline was over-hunting (Hammond et al. 2001).|
|Conservation Actions:||This species is now Extinct.|
Dunham, K.M., Williamson, D.T. and Joubert, E. 2001. Saudi Arabia. In: D. P. Mallon and S. C. Kingswood (eds), Antelopes. Part 4: North Africa, the Middle East, and Asia. Global Survey and Regional Action Plans., pp. 55-62. IUCN, Gland, Switzerland.
Groves, C.P. 1988. A catalogue of the genus Gazella. In: A. Dixon and D. Jones (eds), Conservation and biology of desert antelopes, pp. 193-198. Christopher Helm, London, UK.
Grubb, P. 2005. Artiodactyla. In: D.E. Wilson & D.M. Reeder (ed.), Mammal Species of the World. A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference (3rd ed), pp. 637-722. Johns Hopkins University Press, Baltimore, USA.
Hammond, R.L., Macasero, W., Flores, B., Mohammed, O.B., Wacher, T. and Bruford, M.W. 2001. Phylogenetic reanalysis of the Saudi gazelle and its implications for conservation. Conservation Biology 15(4): 1123-1133.
Harrison, D.L. and Bates, P.J.J. 1991. The Mammals of Arabia. Harrison Zoological Museum, Sevenoaks, UK.
IUCN. 2016. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2016-3. Available at: www.iucnredlist.org. (Accessed: 07 December 2016).
Mallon, D.P. and Kingswood, S.C. 2001. Antelopes. Part 4: North Africa, the Middle East, and Asia. Global Survey and Regional Action Plans. IUCN, Gland, Switzerland.
|Citation:||IUCN SSC Antelope Specialist Group. 2016. Gazella saudiya. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2016: e.T8980A50187890.Downloaded on 11 December 2017.|