|Scientific Name:||Eumops bonariensis|
|Species Authority:||(Peters, 1874)|
|Taxonomic Notes:||Does not include patagonicus or beckeri; see Barquez and Ojeda (1992), Barquez et al. (1993), and Saralegui (1996). See Hunt et al. (2003), but note that they included patagonicus in bonariensis.|
|Red List Category & Criteria:||Least Concern ver 3.1|
|Assessor(s):||Barquez, R., Gonzalez, E., Arroyo-Cabrales, J., Álvarez-Castañeda, S.T., Cuarón, A.D. & de Grammont, P.C.|
|Reviewer(s):||Medellín, R. & Schipper, J.|
This species is listed as Least Concern in because of its wide distribution, presumed large population, occurrence in a number of protected areas, and because it is unlikely to be declining at nearly the rate required to qualify for listing in a threatened category.
|Range Description:||Veracruz (Mexico) to northwest Peru, northwest Argentina, Paraguay, Uruguay, and Brazil (Simmons 2005). Also found in Colombia, Venezuela, Guianas and Surinam. There are no records to Guatemala and Costa Rica Eumops in Venezuela probably is not this species (Gonzalez and Barquez pers. comm.).|
Native:Argentina; Belize; Bolivia, Plurinational States of; Brazil; Colombia; Costa Rica; Ecuador; El Salvador; French Guiana; Guatemala; Guyana; Honduras; Mexico; Nicaragua; Panama; Paraguay; Peru; Suriname; Uruguay; Venezuela, Bolivarian Republic of
|Range Map:||Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.|
|Population:||These bats live in groups that usually consist of 10-20 bats at least 6 meters off the ground. (Nowak 1999, Redford and Eisenberg 1992). In Mexico pregnant females were present from late March to late June, with parturition synchronous in mid- to late June (Hunt et al. 2003). Lactating females were present over 7 weeks from early June to late July (Hunt et al. 2003). In Argentina, a pregnant female was present in November (Mares et al. 1981). In Paraguay, pregnant females were present 17–21 October (Baud 1981). Very rare species in some parts of Mexico but abundant in Yucatan (Arita, 2005).|
|Habitat and Ecology:||E. bonariensis occurs in forests and occur in association with man-made structures (Hunt et al. 2003). Peters’ mastiff bat is an insectivore (Barquez et al. 1993; Mares et al. 1989). Reproduction in october-november (Barquez 1999). Low flying bats (Barquez 1999). In Mexico it has been found under 40 m (Arita, 2005)|
|Major Threat(s):||No major threats.|
Found in protected areas. Research activities. Hard to identify with acoustic methods as for the others Eumops.
Listed as special protection status by the Mexican NOM - 059 - SEMARNAT - 2001 (as Eumops nanus) (Arroyo-Cabrales pers. comm.).
Barquez, R. M. 1999. The Bats of Argentina (Special Publications (Texas Tech University Museum)). Museum of Texas Tech University.
Barquez, R. M. and Ojeda, R. A. 1992. The bats (Mammalia:Chiroptera) of the Argentine Chaco. Annals of Carnegie Museum 61: 239–261.
Barquez, Rubén, M., Giannini, Norberto, P., Mares and Michael, A. 1993. Guide to the Bats of Argentina. Oklahoma Museum of Natural History, Norman, USA.
Baud, F. J. 1981. Expedition du Museum de Geneve au Paraguay: chiropteres. Revue Suisse de Zoologie 88: 567–581.
Hunt, J. L., McWilliams, L. A., Best, T. L. and Smith, K. G. 2003. Eumops bonariensis. Mammalian Species 733: 1–5.
Mares, M. A., Ojeda, R. A. and Kosco, M. P. 1981. Observations on the distribution and ecology of the mammals of Salta Province, Argentina. Annals of Carnegie Museum 50: 151-206.
Nowak, R.M. 1999. Walker's Mammals of the World. The Johns Hopkins University Press, Baltimore, USA and London, UK.
Redford, K.H. and Eisenberg, J.F. 1992. Mammals of the Neotropics, The Southern Cone: Chile, Argentina, Uruguay, Paraguay. University of Chicago Press, Chicago, USA.
Saralegui, A. M. 1996. Eumops patagonicus Thomas, 1924, en el Uruguay. Comunicaciones Zoológicas del Museo de Historia Natural de Montevideo 12: 1-4.
Simmons, N. B. 2005. Order Chiroptera. In: D. E. Wilson and D. M. Reeder (eds), Mammal Species of the World, pp. 312-529. The Johns Hopkins University Press, Baltimore, MD, USA.
|Citation:||Barquez, R., Gonzalez, E., Arroyo-Cabrales, J., Álvarez-Castañeda, S.T., Cuarón, A.D. & de Grammont, P.C. 2008. Eumops bonariensis. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2014.3. <www.iucnredlist.org>. Downloaded on 25 November 2014.|
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