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Eulemur collaris

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Taxonomy [top]

Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family
ANIMALIA CHORDATA MAMMALIA PRIMATES LEMURIDAE

Scientific Name: Eulemur collaris
Species Authority: (É. Geoffroy, 1812)
Common Name/s:
English Collared Brown Lemur, Red-collared Lemur
Synonym/s:
Eulemur fulvus (É. Geoffroy, 1817) subspecies collaris
Taxonomic Notes: Formerly considered a subspecies of Eulemur fulvus, but later raised to species level (Groves 2001).

Assessment Information [top]

Red List Category & Criteria: Vulnerable A2cd ver 3.1
Year Published: 2008
Date Assessed: 2008-06-30
Assessor/s: Andrainarivo, C., Andriaholinirina, V.N., Feistner, A., Felix, T., Ganzhorn, J., Garbutt, N., Golden, C., Konstant, B., Louis Jr., E., Meyers, D., Mittermeier, R.A., Perieras, A., Princee, F., Rabarivola, J.C., Rakotosamimanana, B., Rasamimanana, H., Ratsimbazafy, J., Raveloarinoro, G., Razafimanantsoa, A., Rumpler, Y., Schwitzer, C., Thalmann, U., Wilmé, L. & Wright, P.
Reviewer/s: Mittermeier, R.A. & Rylands, A.B. (Primate Red List Authority)
Justification:
Listed as Vulnerable as the species is thought to have undergone a reduction of more than 30% over the past 24 years (assuming a generation length of 8 years) due primarily to a decline in area and quality of habitat within the known range of the species coupled with the impact of hunting.
History:
2000 Vulnerable
1996 Vulnerable
1994 Vulnerable (Groombridge 1994)
1990 Vulnerable (IUCN 1990)
1990 Vulnerable (IUCN 1990)

Geographic Range [top]

Range Description: This lemur is found in south-eastern Madagascar from Tolagnaro north to the Mananara River (being replaced by E. cinereiceps to the north of this), including the Kalambatritra Special Reserve (Mittermeier et al. 2008, and references therein). Ranges from sea level to 1,875 m.
Countries:
Native:
Madagascar
Range Map: Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.

Population [top]

Population: It appears to be common where it occurs. In Midongy du Sud, densities were recorded at 14 individuals/km² (Irwin et al. 2005).
Population Trend: Decreasing

Habitat and Ecology [top]

Habitat and Ecology: An inhabitant of moist tropical forest. It is believed to be largely frugivorous and cathemeral, remaining active both day and night throughout the year. Social groups tend to be multi-male / multi-female (Mittermeier et al. 2008, and references therein).
Systems: Terrestrial

Threats [top]

Major Threat(s): The principal threat to the survival of E. collaris is habitat destruction, due to charcoal production and some slash-and-burn agriculture. It is also reported to be widely hunted for food and trapped occasionally for the local pet trade.

Conservation Actions [top]

Conservation Actions: This species is listed on Appendix I of CITES. It is reported to occur in two national parks (Andohahela and Midongy du Sud), the Kalambatritra Special Reserve, and the Saint Luce Private Reserve. In addition, surveys have documented its presence in the Mandena Conservation Zone (Mittermeier et al. 2008). A small group was introduced about 20 years ago into the Berenty Private Reserve where it hybridized with introduced E. rufifrons. There is a small worldwide captive population.

Bibliography [top]

Groves, C. P. 2001. Primate taxonomy. Smithsonian Institution Press, Washington, DC, USA.

Irwin, M. T., Johnson, S. E. and Wright, P. C. 2005. The state of lemur conservation in Southeastern Madagascar: Population and habitat assessments for diurnal lemurs using surveys, satellite imagery and GIS. Oryx 39: 204–218.

Mittermeier, R., Louis, E., Hawkins, F., Langrand, O., Ganzhorn, J., Konstant, W., Rasoloarison, R., Rajaobelina, S. and Richardson, M. 2008. Lemurs of Madagascar, 3rd edition. Conservation International.

Citation: Andrainarivo, C., Andriaholinirina, V.N., Feistner, A., Felix, T., Ganzhorn, J., Garbutt, N., Golden, C., Konstant, B., Louis Jr., E., Meyers, D., Mittermeier, R.A., Perieras, A., Princee, F., Rabarivola, J.C., Rakotosamimanana, B., Rasamimanana, H., Ratsimbazafy, J., Raveloarinoro, G., Razafimanantsoa, A., Rumpler, Y., Schwitzer, C., Thalmann, U., Wilmé, L. & Wright, P. 2008. Eulemur collaris. In: IUCN 2013. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2013.2. <www.iucnredlist.org>. Downloaded on 21 April 2014.
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