|Scientific Name:||Eptesicus bottae|
|Species Authority:||(Peters, 1869)|
Eptesicus anatolicus Felten, 1971
|Taxonomic Notes:||Populations in Turkey and northern Syria (and possibly other areas) are considered by some authors to be a separate species, Eptesicus anatolicus(e.g., Felten 1971, Benda et al. 2006). This treatment is not followed here.|
|Red List Category & Criteria:||Least Concern ver 3.1|
|Assessor/s:||Aulagnier, S., Karataş, A. & Tsytsulina, K.|
|Reviewer/s:||Hutson, A.M., Racey, P.A. (Chiroptera Red List Authority) & Temple, H. (Global Mammal Assessment Team)|
The species as described has a relatively wide range. Although generally considered uncommon it is described as locally common in at least part of the range (Egypt). No major threats are known. Hence it is listed as Least Concern.
|Range Description:||A Palaearctic species, occuring from the eastern Mediterranean around margins of Arabian peninsula to Iraq, Iran and southern Caucacus states; also central Asia to India, northwestern China and possibly Mongolia.|
Native:Afghanistan; Armenia (Armenia); Azerbaijan; Egypt (Sinai); Georgia; Greece (East Aegean Is.); India; Iran, Islamic Republic of; Iraq; Israel; Jordan; Kazakhstan; Kyrgyzstan; Lebanon; Oman; Pakistan; Palestinian Territory, Occupied; Saudi Arabia; Syrian Arab Republic; Tajikistan; Turkey; Turkmenistan; United Arab Emirates; Uzbekistan; Yemen
|Range Map:||Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.|
Little known; appears to be generally rare to uncommon although reported as locally common in Egypt.
Colony size probably small (e.g. generally c.2-3) (K. Tsytsulina pers. comm. 2005). Uncommon or probably rare in Iran (M. Sharifi pers. comm. 2005). Rare in Jordan (Amr, 2000). Not abundant in the northern parts of its range; although not included in the Red List of Turkmenistan, it is considered rare there (K. Tsytsulina pers. comm.).
The species is very rare in Turkey, it has been recorded in 19 locations and is often encountered as single individuals, although it is occasionally observed in groups of 15-20 individuals in maternity colonies (A. Karatas pers. comm. 2007). The Syrian records are mostly of solitary animals (Shehab et al. 2007). Reported to be locally common in Egypt, with colonies of up to 200 females being reported (African Mammal Assessment Workshop 2004).
|Habitat and Ecology:||Found in a wide range of semi-arid habitats including Mediterranean vegetation, lowland farmland and rocky mountains. A crevice dwelling species, inhabiting buildings, ruins (including tombs), and natural rock crevices throughout the year.|
|Major Threat(s):||The species requires ruins which are decreasing in number and can be disturbed by tourists (A. Karatas pers. comm. 2007), however, this is not thought to be a major threat to the species as a whole at present.|
|Conservation Actions:||Protected through Eurobats (Bonn Convention) and Bern Convention, and included in Annex IV of EU Habitats and Species Directive in the very small part of the range where these apply. Taxonomic work is required to determine if more than one species is involved here and what the ranges of these are, and what their population status is.|
Amr, Z. S. 2000. Mammals of Jordan. Jordan Country Study of Biological Diversity. United Nations Environment Program and Global Environment Fund Project, Amman, Jordan.
Bates, P. J. J. and Harrison, D. L. 1997. Bats of the Indian Subcontinent. Harrison Zoological Museum, Sevenoaks, England, UK.
Benda, P., Andreas, M., Kock, D., Lucan, R. K., Munclinger, P., Nova, P., Obuch, J., Ochman, K., Reiter, A., Uhrin M. and Weinfurtova, D. 2006. Bats (Mammalia: Chiroptera) of the Eastern Mediterranean. Part 4. Bat fauna of Syria: Distribution, systematics, ecology. Acta Societatis Zoologicae Bohemicae 70: 1-329.
Harrison, D. L. 1968. The Mammals of Arabia. Ernest Benn Limited, London, UK.
Molur, S., Marimuthu, G., Srinivasulu, C., Mistry, S. Hutson, A. M., Bates, P. J. J., Walker, S., Padmapriya, K. and Binupriya, A. R. 2002. Status of South Asian Chiroptera: Conservation Assessment and Management Plan (C.A.M.P.) Workshop Report. Zoo Outreach Organization/CBSG-South Asia, Coimbatore, India.
Shehab, A., Karatas, A., Amr, Z. S., Mamkhair, I. and Sozen, M. 2007. The distribution of bats (Mammalia: Chiroptera) in Syria. Vertebrate Zoology 57(1): 103-132.
Simmons, N. B. 2005. Order Chiroptera. In: D. E. Wilson and D. M. Reeder (eds), Mammal Species of the World, pp. 312-529. The Johns Hopkins University Press, Baltimore, MD, USA.
|Citation:||Aulagnier, S., Karataş, A. & Tsytsulina, K. 2008. Eptesicus bottae. In: IUCN 2013. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2013.2. <www.iucnredlist.org>. Downloaded on 07 December 2013.|
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