Discoglossus jeanneae


Taxonomy [top]

Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family

Scientific Name: Discoglossus jeanneae
Species Authority: Busack, 1986
Common Name(s):
English Spanish Painted Frog
Spanish Sapillo Pintojo Meridional
Taxonomic Notes: This taxon is closely related to D. galganoi, and some authors consider them to be conspecific.

Assessment Information [top]

Red List Category & Criteria: Near Threatened ver 3.1
Year Published: 2009
Date Assessed: 2008-12-14
Assessor(s): Jaime Bosch, Miguel Tejedo, Miguel Lizana, Iñigo Martínez-Solano, Alfredo Salvador, Mario García-París, Ernesto Recuero Gil, Carmen Diaz Paniagua, Valentin Pérez-Mellado, Rafael Marquez
Reviewer(s): Cox, N. and Temple, H.J. (Global Amphibian Assessment)
Listed as Near Threatened because this species is probably in significant decline (but probably at a rate of less than 30% over ten years) because its habitat is being degraded due to drought through most of its range, thus making the species close to qualifying for Vulnerable.
2006 Near Threatened
2004 Least Concern
1996 Not Evaluated

Geographic Range [top]

Range Description: This species is endemic to isolated areas in southern, eastern and north-eastern Spain, from sea level to around 2,050m asl (in Granada).
Range Map: Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.

Population [top]

Population: It is generally more abundant in the south of its range, and is considered to be scarce in the north, although further surveys are required. Its occurrence is very patchy within its overall range, and it is believed to be in decline, principally due to increased aridity within its range. It is likely that isolated populations have recently become extinct along the Mediterranean coast.
Population Trend: Decreasing

Habitat and Ecology [top]

Habitat and Ecology: An inhabitant of open areas, pine groves and shrubland associated with limestone or gypsum soils. This is a very aquatic species found in shallow pools, streams, springs, ponds and artificial water sources, such as drinking troughs and drainage channels. Breeding and larval development takes place within the aquatic habitats. It can be present in traditionally farmed areas.
Systems: Terrestrial; Freshwater

Threats [top]

Major Threat(s): The major threat to this species is continued loss of habitat as a result of increased aridity throughout its range. It is also threatened by loss of suitable habitat (including fragmentation) to agricultural and infrastructure development. The species is particularly impacted by the loss, or contamination, of aquatic habitats (such as drinking troughs), and introductions of predatory fish and crustaceans, in particular the Louisiana Crayfish (Procambarus clarkii). Its populations are now fragmented in many parts of its range.

Conservation Actions [top]

Conservation Actions: The species has been recorded from Parque Nacional de Sierra Nevada. It is listed on Appendix II of the Bern Convention and on Annexes II and IV of the EU Habitats Directive. It is recorded in the national Red Data Book of Spain and is protected by national legislation. There is a need to further clarify the distribution of this species.

Bibliography [top]

1997. Atlas of Amphibians and Reptiles in Europe. Societas Europea Herpetologica & Museum National d’Histoire Naturelle, Paris.

Arnold, E.N. 2003. Reptiles and amphibians of Europe. Princeton University Press.

Benavides, J., Viedma, A., Clivilles, J., Ortíz, A., and Gutiérrez, J.M. 2001. Cotas máximas para la península ibérica de siete especies de herpetos en la provincia de Granada. Boletín de la Asociación Herpetológica Española: 10-11.

Busack, S.D. 1986. Biochemical and morphological differentiation in Spainish and Moroccan populations of Discoglossus and the description of a new species from southern Spain (Amphibia, Anura, Discoglossidae). Annals of the Carnegie Museum: 41-61.

Fromhage, L., Vences, M. and Veith, M. 2004. Testing alternative vicariance scenarios in Western Mediterranean discoglossid frogs. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution: 308-322.

García-París, M. and Jockusch, E.L. 1999. A mitochondrial DNA perspective on the evolution of Iberian Discoglossus (Amphibia: Anura). Journal of Zoology: 209-218.

Gosá, A. and Bergerandi, A. 1994. Atlas de distribución de los anfibios y reptiles de Navarra. Munibe: 109-189.

IUCN. 2009. European Species on the IUCN Red List. Available at: (Accessed: 22 June 2009).

Martínez-Solano, I. 2004. Phylogeography of Iberian Discoglossus (Anura: Discoglossidae). Journal of Zoological Systematics and Evolutionary Research, 42: 298-305..

Pleguezuelos, J.M. 1997. Distribucion y Biogeografia de los Anfibios y Reptiles en España y Portugal. Asociacion Herpetologica Española, Las Palmas de Gran Canarias.

Pleguezuelos, J.M. and Villafranca, C. 1997. Distribución altitudinal de la herpetofauna ibérica. In: Pleguezuelos, J.M. (ed.), Distribucion y Biogeografia de los Anfibios y Reptiles en España y Portugal, pp. 321-34. Monografías de Herpetología 3. Universidad de Granada-Asociación Herpetológica Española, Granada.

Pleguezuelos, J.M., Márquez, R. and Lizana, M. 2002. Atlas y Libro Rojo de los Anfibios y Reptiles de España. Dirección General de la Conservación de la naturaleza-Associación Herpetológica Española, Madrid.

Real, R., Barbosa, A. M., Martínez-Solano, I. and García-París, M. 2005. Distinguishing the distributions of two cryptic frogs (Anura: Discoglossidae) using molecular data and environmental modeling. Canadian Journal of Zoology, 83: 536-545.

Reques, R. 2000. Anfibios. Ecología y Conservación. Diputación de Córdoba, Córdoba.

Sancho, V. 2000. Datos sobre la distribución y estatus del sapillo pintojo (Discoglossus jeanneae) en la Comunidad Valenciana. Dugastella: 13-16.

Velo-Anton, G., Martinez-Solano, I., Garcia-Paris, M. 2008. β-fibrinogen intron 7 variation in Discoglossus (Anura: Discoglossidae): implications for the taxonomic assessment of morphologically cryptic species. Amphibia-Reptilia 29: 523-533.

Vences, M. and Glaw, F. 1996. Further investigations on Discoglossus bioacoustics: Relationships between D. galganoi galganoi, D. g. jeanneae and D. pictus scovazzi. Amphibia-Reptilia: 333-340.

Zangari, F., Cimmaruta, R. and Nascetti, G. 2006. Genetic relationships of the western Mediterranean painted frogs based on allozymes and mitochondrial markers: evolutionary and taxonomic inferences (Amphibia, Anura, Discoglossidae). Biological Journal of the Linnean Society, 87 (4): 515-536..

Citation: Jaime Bosch, Miguel Tejedo, Miguel Lizana, Iñigo Martínez-Solano, Alfredo Salvador, Mario García-París, Ernesto Recuero Gil, Carmen Diaz Paniagua, Valentin Pérez-Mellado, Rafael Marquez 2009. Discoglossus jeanneae. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2015.2. <>. Downloaded on 01 September 2015.
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