Map_thumbnail_large_font

Damaliscus lunatus ssp. korrigum 

Scope: Global
Language: English
Status_ne_offStatus_dd_offStatus_lc_offStatus_nt_offStatus_vu_offStatus_en_onStatus_cr_offStatus_ew_offStatus_ex_off

Translate page into:

Taxonomy [top]

Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family
Animalia Chordata Mammalia Cetartiodactyla Bovidae

Scientific Name: Damaliscus lunatus ssp. korrigum (Ogilby, 1837)
Parent Species:
Common Name(s):
English Korrigum
Taxonomic Notes: Korrigum (Damaliscus lunatus korrigum) is one of six subspecies of Topi (Damaliscus lunatus), following Duncan (2013). The others being: Topi (D. l. jimela); Tiang (D. l. tiang); Coastal Topi (D. l. topi); Bangweulu Tsessebe (D. l. superstes); and Tsessebe (D. l. lunatus).

Assessment Information [top]

Red List Category & Criteria: Endangered C1 ver 3.1
Year Published: 2017
Date Assessed: 2016-08-02
Assessor(s): IUCN SSC Antelope Specialist Group
Reviewer(s): Cooke, R.
Justification:
The most recent population estimate puts the total population of Korrigum at 1,850-2,650 animals (ca 1,300-1,850 mature individuals), nearly all entirely confined to in and around protected areas. Recent reports portray continuing declines across the remaining parts of its range and they are estimated to have reached or exceeded 20% over 12 years (two generations).
Previously published Red List assessments:

Geographic Range [top]

Range Description:Korrigum formerly occurred from southern Mauritania and Senegal to western Chad, but has undergone a dramatic decline since the early 1900s because of displacement by cattle and uncontrolled hunting for meat. The species no longer occurs in Mauritania, Mali, Senegal, or The Gambia, and probably no longer occurs in Nigeria, Togo or western Chad, except as vagrants (Grubb et al. 1998, East 1999). Although believed exterminated in Ghana (East 1999), a relic population was reported recently in NE Ghana (J. Mason pers. comm. in Duncan 2013). Korrigum have shown the largest range reduction of any subspecies of Topi (Duncan 2013).

For the distribution map, see the parent species assessment: Damaliscus lunatus.
Countries occurrence:
Native:
Benin; Burkina Faso; Cameroon; Ghana; Niger
Possibly extinct:
Chad; Nigeria; Togo
Regionally extinct:
Gambia; Mali; Mauritania; Senegal
Additional data:
Range Map:Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.

Population [top]

Population:East (1999) estimated a global population of 3,000 Korrigum. Chardonnet (2004) revised the estimate of the population of Korrigum to 1,850-2,650 (including 800 in W-Arly-Pendjari and 800-1,600 [down from 20,000 in 1962] in Waza National Park (N.P.)). This subspecies has continued to decline across its remaining range, including a large fall in numbers in Waza N.P. (Scholte et al. 2007).
Current Population Trend:Decreasing
Additional data:
Number of mature individuals:1295-1855Continuing decline of mature individuals:Yes
Population severely fragmented:No

Habitat and Ecology [top]

Habitat and Ecology:Generally an inhabitant of floodplains and other grasslands in West Africa, Korrigum moved seasonally between the Sahel grasslands, savannas and the floodplains of the inner Niger Delta.
Systems:Terrestrial
Generation Length (years):6.1

Use and Trade [top]

Use and Trade: This subspecies is hunted for food and sport. In Cameroon, the Korrigum has a trophy fee of €3,000.

Threats [top]

Major Threat(s): The main threats to Topi in general, and including the subspecies Korrigum, are agro-pastoral development and hunting. The history of the Korrigum exemplifies the fragility of the highly productive Topi species, with declines across all of its range due to overhunting, competition with livestock and loss of habitat (Duncan 2013).

Conservation Actions [top]

Conservation Actions: Around 98% of remaining Korrigum occur in and around protected areas, primarily in the W-Arly-Pendjari complex (Burkina Faso, Niger, Benin) and in Waza and Benoue in northern Cameroon (Duncan 2013).

Classifications [top]

2. Savanna -> 2.1. Savanna - Dry
suitability:Suitable season:resident major importance:Yes
3. Shrubland -> 3.5. Shrubland - Subtropical/Tropical Dry
suitability:Suitable season:resident major importance:Yes
3. Shrubland -> 3.6. Shrubland - Subtropical/Tropical Moist
suitability:Suitable season:resident major importance:Yes
4. Grassland -> 4.5. Grassland - Subtropical/Tropical Dry
suitability:Suitable season:resident major importance:Yes
4. Grassland -> 4.6. Grassland - Subtropical/Tropical Seasonally Wet/Flooded
suitability:Suitable season:resident major importance:Yes
2. Land/water management -> 2.1. Site/area management
3. Species management -> 3.1. Species management -> 3.1.1. Harvest management
3. Species management -> 3.3. Species re-introduction -> 3.3.1. Reintroduction

In-Place Research, Monitoring and Planning
In-Place Land/Water Protection and Management
  Conservation sites identified:Yes, over entire range
  Occur in at least one PA:Yes
  Percentage of population protected by PAs (0-100):91-100
In-Place Species Management
In-Place Education
1. Residential & commercial development -> 1.1. Housing & urban areas
♦ timing:Ongoing ♦ scope:Minority (<50%) ♦ severity:Negligible declines ⇒ Impact score:Low Impact: 4 
→ Stresses
  • 1. Ecosystem stresses -> 1.1. Ecosystem conversion
  • 1. Ecosystem stresses -> 1.2. Ecosystem degradation

11. Climate change & severe weather -> 11.2. Droughts
♦ timing:Unknown ♦ scope:Minority (<50%) ♦ severity:Causing/Could cause fluctuations ⇒ Impact score:Unknown 
→ Stresses
  • 1. Ecosystem stresses -> 1.2. Ecosystem degradation
  • 2. Species Stresses -> 2.1. Species mortality

2. Agriculture & aquaculture -> 2.3. Livestock farming & ranching -> 2.3.1. Nomadic grazing
♦ timing:Ongoing ♦ scope:Majority (50-90%) ♦ severity:Slow, Significant Declines ⇒ Impact score:Medium Impact: 6 
→ Stresses
  • 1. Ecosystem stresses -> 1.1. Ecosystem conversion
  • 1. Ecosystem stresses -> 1.2. Ecosystem degradation

2. Agriculture & aquaculture -> 2.3. Livestock farming & ranching -> 2.3.2. Small-holder grazing, ranching or farming
♦ timing:Ongoing ♦ scope:Majority (50-90%) ♦ severity:Slow, Significant Declines ⇒ Impact score:Medium Impact: 6 
→ Stresses
  • 1. Ecosystem stresses -> 1.1. Ecosystem conversion
  • 1. Ecosystem stresses -> 1.2. Ecosystem degradation

5. Biological resource use -> 5.1. Hunting & trapping terrestrial animals -> 5.1.1. Intentional use (species is the target)
♦ timing:Ongoing ♦ scope:Majority (50-90%) ♦ severity:Slow, Significant Declines ⇒ Impact score:Medium Impact: 6 
→ Stresses
  • 2. Species Stresses -> 2.1. Species mortality

1. Research -> 1.1. Taxonomy
3. Monitoring -> 3.1. Population trends
3. Monitoring -> 3.2. Harvest level trends

Bibliography [top]

Chardonnet, B. 2004. An update on the status of Korrigum (Damaliscus lunatus korrigum) and Tiang (D. l. tiang) in West and Central Africa. Antelope Survey Update 9: 66-76.

Duncan, P. 2013. Damaliscus lunatus Topi/Tsessebe/Tiang/Korrigum. In: J.. Kingdon and M. Hoffmann (eds), Mammals of Africa. VI. Pigs, Hippopotamuses, Chevrotain, Giraffes, Deer, and Bovids, pp. 502-510. Bloomsbury Publishing, London, UK.

East, R. (compiler). 1999. African Antelope Database 1998. IUCN, Gland, Switzerland and Cambridge, UK.

Grubb, P., Jones, T.S., Davies, A.G., Edberg, E., Starin, E.D. and Hill, J.E. 1998. Mammals of Ghana, Sierra Leone and The Gambia. Trendrine Press, Zennor, St Ives, Cornwall, UK.

IUCN. 2017. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2017-2. Available at: www.iucnredlist.org. (Accessed: 14 September 2017).

Scholte, P., Adam, S. and Serge, B. K. 2007. Population trends of antelopes in Waza National Park (Cameroon) from 1960 to 2001: the interacting effects of rainfall, flooding and human interventions. African Journal of Ecology 45: 431-439.


Citation: IUCN SSC Antelope Specialist Group. 2017. Damaliscus lunatus ssp. korrigum. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2017: e.T6238A50185772. . Downloaded on 15 December 2017.
Disclaimer: To make use of this information, please check the <Terms of Use>.
Feedback: If you see any errors or have any questions or suggestions on what is shown on this page, please provide us with feedback so that we can correct or extend the information provided