|Scientific Name:||Bolitoglossa sombra|
|Species Authority:||Hanken, Wake and Savage, 2005|
|Taxonomic Notes:||This species was described from specimens that were earlier provisionally assigned to Bolitoglossa nigrescens (Hanken et al. 2005).|
|Red List Category & Criteria:||Vulnerable D2 ver 3.1|
|Assessor(s):||James Hanken, Roberto Ibáñez, David Wake, Federico Bolaños, Gerardo Chaves|
|Reviewer(s):||Global Amphibian Assessment Coordinating Team (Simon Stuart, Janice Chanson, Neil Cox and Bruce Young)|
Listed as Vulnerable because it is known from fewer than five locations, and there is a possibility of declines in this species if logging does occur within the species limited range.
|Range Description:||This species is known from a few adjacent localities from 1,500-2,300m asl on the Pacific slopes of the Cordillera de Talamanca of Costa Rica and far western Panama. It is confirmed as occurring from Cerro Frantzius to within Las Tablas Protected Area in Costa Rica, near the Panamanian border, and possibly also occurs near Santa Clara in nearby western Panama. However, the identity of the single specimen from Panama is uncertain.|
|Range Map:||Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.|
|Population:||There is no information available on the population status of this species.|
|Habitat and Ecology:||This species is found in dense forest on moss-covered tree trunks, on stumps, on mossy tree butresses, and within the leaf axils of bromeliads, at heights of 0.6-1.5m above the ground. It is considered unlikely to be tolerant of much habitat degradation, and it is presumed to breed by direct development.|
|Major Threat(s):||Chytridiomycosis is a possible threat to this species, and has been associated with declines of other species to the north and west of its range. Logging is presumably also a threat to any populations that occur in unprotected areas. However, much of its habitat is well protected, and it appears not to be seriously at risk from habitat loss.|
|Conservation Actions:||Much of its known range occurs within the Las Tablas Protected Area, which forms part of the adjoining Parque Internacional La Amistad (in the southern part of which this species is also found), in Costa Rica.|
Hanken, J., Wake, D.B. and Savage, J.M. 2005. A solution to the large black salamander problem (genus Bolitoglossa) in Costa Rica and Panamá. Copeia: 227–245.
IUCN. 2006. 2006 IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. www.iucnredlist.org. Downloaded on 04 May 2006.
|Citation:||James Hanken, Roberto Ibáñez, David Wake, Federico Bolaños, Gerardo Chaves 2006. Bolitoglossa sombra. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2015.2. <www.iucnredlist.org>. Downloaded on 01 August 2015.|
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