Timon pater 

Scope: Global
Language: English

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Taxonomy [top]

Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family
Animalia Chordata Reptilia Squamata Lacertidae

Scientific Name: Timon pater (Lataste, 1880)
Common Name(s):
English North African Ocellated Lizard
Spanish Lagarto Ocelado Del Atlas
Lacerta pater Lataste, 1880
Taxonomic Notes: This species was included in the genus Lacerta, but it is now placed in the genus Timon (Mayer and Bischoff 1996, Fu 1998, 2000, Harris et al. 1998, Harris and Carretero 2003). We follow Mateo et al. (1996) in treating animals from Morocco previously considered to be Timon pater as T. tangitana. True Timon pater occurs in Tunisia and Algeria.

Assessment Information [top]

Red List Category & Criteria: Least Concern ver 3.1
Year Published: 2006
Date Assessed: 2006-01-31
Needs updating
Assessor(s): Böhme, W., Miras, J.A.M., Joger, U., Slimani, T., El Mouden, H., Geniez, P. & Nouira, M.S.
Reviewer(s): Stuart, S.N. & Cox, N. (Global Reptile Assessment)
Listed as Least Concern in view of its relatively wide distribution, presumed large population, and because it is unlikely to be declining fast enough to qualify for listing in a more threatened category.

Geographic Range [top]

Range Description:This North Africa species ranges through northern Algeria and northern Tunisia, and is present on Galita Island off the Tunisian coast. It is found up to 2,000 m asl.
Countries occurrence:
Algeria; Tunisia
Additional data:
Range Map:Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.

Population [top]

Population:It is a reasonably common species.
Current Population Trend:Decreasing
Additional data:

Habitat and Ecology [top]

Habitat and Ecology:This species is found in Mediterranean forests, open areas, meadows, scrubland, deciduous woodland, coastal areas, rocky sites, on stone walls and in old olive groves. The females lay two to three clutches of between two and twenty eggs.

Threats [top]

Major Threat(s): This species might be impacted by loss of stone walls and intensification of agricultural methods and general fragmentation because of habitat destruction. It is also threatened by accidental mortality on roads.

Conservation Actions [top]

Conservation Actions: It is known from protected areas in both Tunisia and Algeria.

Classifications [top]

1. Forest -> 1.4. Forest - Temperate
3. Shrubland -> 3.8. Shrubland - Mediterranean-type Shrubby Vegetation
0. Root -> 6. Rocky areas (eg. inland cliffs, mountain peaks)
12. Marine Intertidal -> 12.1. Marine Intertidal - Rocky Shoreline
13. Marine Coastal/Supratidal -> 13.3. Marine Coastal/Supratidal - Coastal Sand Dunes
14. Artificial/Terrestrial -> 14.1. Artificial/Terrestrial - Arable Land
14. Artificial/Terrestrial -> 14.2. Artificial/Terrestrial - Pastureland
14. Artificial/Terrestrial -> 14.3. Artificial/Terrestrial - Plantations
14. Artificial/Terrestrial -> 14.4. Artificial/Terrestrial - Rural Gardens
14. Artificial/Terrestrial -> 14.5. Artificial/Terrestrial - Urban Areas
14. Artificial/Terrestrial -> 14.6. Artificial/Terrestrial - Subtropical/Tropical Heavily Degraded Former Forest

In-Place Research, Monitoring and Planning
In-Place Land/Water Protection and Management
  Occur in at least one PA:Yes
In-Place Species Management
In-Place Education
2. Agriculture & aquaculture -> 2.1. Annual & perennial non-timber crops -> 2.1.3. Agro-industry farming
♦ timing:Ongoing    
→ Stresses
  • 1. Ecosystem stresses -> 1.1. Ecosystem conversion
  • 1. Ecosystem stresses -> 1.2. Ecosystem degradation

4. Transportation & service corridors -> 4.1. Roads & railroads
♦ timing:Ongoing    
→ Stresses
  • 2. Species Stresses -> 2.1. Species mortality

Bibliography [top]

Bons, J. and Geniez, P. 1996. Amphibiens et Reptiles du Maroc (Sahara Occidental compris), Atlas biogéographique. 320 pp. Asoc. Herpetol. Espanola, Barcelona.

Busack, S.D. 1987. Morphological and biochemical differentiation in Spanish and Moroccan populations of the lizard, Lacerta lepida. Journal of Herpetology 21(4): 277–284.

Fu, J. 1998. Toward the phylogeny of the family Lacertidae: implications from mitochondrial DNA 12S and 16S gene sequences (Reptilia: Squamata). Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 9: 118–130.

Fu, J. 2000. Toward the phylogeny of the family Lacertidae: why 4,708 base pairs of mtDNA sequences cannot draw the picture. Biological Journal of the Linnean Society 71: 203–217.

Harris, D.J. and Carretero, M.A. 2003. Comments on the taxonomic value of (sub)genera within the family Lacertidae (Reptilia). Amphibia-Reptilia 24: 119–122.

Harris, D.J., Arnold, E.N. and Thomas, R.H. 1998. Relationships of lacertid lizards (Reptilia: Lacertidae) estimated from mitochondrial DNA sequences and morphology. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London B 265: 1939–1948.

IUCN. 2006. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species.

Langerwerf, B. 1981. Nigrinos bei der Nachzucht von Lacerta lepida pater. Herpetofauna 3(12): 21–22.

Mateo, J.A., López-Jurado, L.F. and Guillaume, C.P. 1996. Proteic and morphological variations in ocellated lizards (Lacertidae): A complex of species across the Strait of Gibraltar. Comptes Rendus de L Academie Des Sciences Serie III - Sciences de La Vie - Life Sciences 319(8): 737–746.

Mayer, W. and Bischoff, W. 1996. Beiträge zur taxonomischen Revision der Gattung Lacerta (Reptilia: Lacertidae). Teil 1: Zootoca, Omanosaura, Timon und Teira als eigenständige Gattungen. Salamandra 32(3): 163–170.

Odierna, G., Olmo, W., Capriglione, T. and Caputo, V. 1990. Karyological differences between Lacerta lepida and Lacerta pater. Journal of Herpetology 24(1): 97–99.

Pleguezuelos, J.M., Márquez, R. and Lizana, M. 2002. Atlas y Libro Rojo de los Anfibios y Reptiles de España. Dirección General de la Conservación de la naturaleza-Associación Herpetológica Española, Madrid.

Schleich, H H., Kästle, W. and Kabisch, K. 1996. Amphibians and Reptiles of North Africa. Koeltz Scientific Books, Koenigstein.

Schlüter, U. 2004. Die Herpetofauna des Mittleren Atlas von Marokko. Reptilia (Münster) 9(1): 42–49.

Citation: Böhme, W., Miras, J.A.M., Joger, U., Slimani, T., El Mouden, H., Geniez, P. & Nouira, M.S. 2006. Timon pater. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2006: e.T61584A12499610. . Downloaded on 20 September 2018.
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