Podarcis tauricus 

Scope: Global
Language: English

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Taxonomy [top]

Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family
Animalia Chordata Reptilia Squamata Lacertidae

Scientific Name: Podarcis tauricus (Pallas, 1814)
Regional Assessments:
Common Name(s):
English Balkan Wall Lizard
Podarcis taurica (Pallas, 1814)
Taxonomic Notes: The gender of the genus Podarcis has been considered to be feminine by some authors (Arnold, 2000; Lanza and Boscherini, 2000; Montori and Llorente, 2005) and masculine by others (Böhme 1997; Böhme 1998). We follow here the recent publication by Böhme and Köhler (2005) in considering the gender of Podarcis to be masculine.

Assessment Information [top]

Red List Category & Criteria: Least Concern ver 3.1
Year Published: 2009
Date Assessed: 2008-12-14
Assessor(s): Wolfgang Böhme, Petros Lymberakis, Rastko Ajtic, Varol Tok, Ismail H. Ugurtas, Murat Sevinç, Pierre-André Crochet, Idriz Haxhiu, László Krecsák, Bogoljub Sterijovski, Lymberakis, Jelka Crnobrnja Isailovic, Podloucky, Dan Cogalniceanu, Aziz Avci
Reviewer(s): Cox, N. and Temple, H.J. (Global Reptile Assessment)
Listed as Least Concern in view of its wide distribution, tolerance of a degree of habitat modification, presumed large population, and because it is unlikely to be declining fast enough to qualify for listing in a more threatened category.
Previously published Red List assessments:

Geographic Range [top]

Range Description:This species ranges from southern Ukraine (including the Crimean Peninsula), through southern Moldova, and eastern and southern Romania (excluding the Danube Delta), to Bulgaria, Macedonia, eastern and southern Serbia, Albania, mainland Greece and the Ionian Islands, and northwestern Turkey (on both sides of the Bosphorus). There is an isolated population in eastern and central Hungary, ranging into northern Serbia. This mostly lowland species occurs from sea level up to 2,350m asl.
Countries occurrence:
Albania; Bulgaria; Greece; Hungary; Macedonia, the former Yugoslav Republic of; Moldova; Romania; Serbia; Turkey; Ukraine
Additional data:
Upper elevation limit (metres):2350
Range Map:Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.

Population [top]

Population:It is a common species in suitable habitat.
Current Population Trend:Stable
Additional data:
Population severely fragmented:No

Habitat and Ecology [top]

Habitat and Ecology:It is a largely terrestrial species found in open areas of steppe, grassland, meadows, field edges, olive groves, traditionally cultivated land, rural gardens, sparsely vegetated sandy dunes and sometimes in open scrub. The females lay two clutches annually containing between two and ten eggs.

Threats [top]

Major Threat(s): This species is locally threatened in parts of its range by habitat loss through agricultural intensification and pollution (largely from the use of agrochemicals), but overall it is not at significant risk.

Conservation Actions [top]

Conservation Actions: This species is listed on Annex II of the Bern Convention, and on Annex IV of the European Union Habitats Directive, and is protected by national legislation in parts of its range. It occurs in a number of protected areas. No further conservation actions are needed.

Classifications [top]

3. Shrubland -> 3.8. Shrubland - Mediterranean-type Shrubby Vegetation
4. Grassland -> 4.4. Grassland - Temperate
14. Artificial/Terrestrial -> 14.1. Artificial/Terrestrial - Arable Land
14. Artificial/Terrestrial -> 14.2. Artificial/Terrestrial - Pastureland
14. Artificial/Terrestrial -> 14.3. Artificial/Terrestrial - Plantations
14. Artificial/Terrestrial -> 14.4. Artificial/Terrestrial - Rural Gardens

In-Place Research, Monitoring and Planning
In-Place Land/Water Protection and Management
  Conservation sites identified:Yes, over entire range
  Occur in at least one PA:Yes
In-Place Species Management
In-Place Education
2. Agriculture & aquaculture -> 2.1. Annual & perennial non-timber crops -> 2.1.3. Agro-industry farming
♦ timing:Ongoing    
→ Stresses
  • 1. Ecosystem stresses -> 1.1. Ecosystem conversion
  • 1. Ecosystem stresses -> 1.2. Ecosystem degradation

2. Agriculture & aquaculture -> 2.1. Annual & perennial non-timber crops -> 2.1.4. Scale Unknown/Unrecorded
♦ timing:Ongoing    
→ Stresses
  • 1. Ecosystem stresses -> 1.1. Ecosystem conversion
  • 1. Ecosystem stresses -> 1.2. Ecosystem degradation

9. Pollution -> 9.3. Agricultural & forestry effluents -> 9.3.4. Type Unknown/Unrecorded
♦ timing:Ongoing    
→ Stresses
  • 1. Ecosystem stresses -> 1.2. Ecosystem degradation

0. Root -> 100.2. OLD 3-Research actions
1. Research -> 1.2. Population size, distribution & trends
1. Research -> 1.5. Threats

Bibliography [top]

Arnold, E.N. 2000. The gender of Podarcis and the virtues of stability, a reply to W. Böhme. Bonner zoologische Beiträge 49(1-4): 71-74.

Arnold, E.N. 2003. Reptiles and Amphibians of Europe. Princeton University Press, Princeton and Oxford.

Baran, I. and Atatür, M.K. 1998. Turkish herpetofauna (amphibians and reptiles). Republic of Turkey Ministry of Environment, Ankara.

Bergmann, J. 1990. Neues über Podarcis taurica (Pallas, 1814) in der asiatischen Türkei. Salamandra: 85-86.

Bischoff, W. and Bischoff, U. 1980. Einige Bemerkungen zur Herpetofauna des Peloponnes. Herpetofauna: 17-22.

Böhme, W. 1997. A note of the gender of the genus Podarcis (Sauria: Lacertidae). Bonner zoologische Beitrage: 187-188.

Böhme, W. 1998. Podarcis siculus, -a, -um? – Entgegnung auf eine Entgegnung. Die Eidechse 8(101-102).

Böhme, W. and Köhler, J. 2005. Do endings of adjective flectible species names affect stability? A final note on the gender of Podarcis Wagler, 1830 (Reptilia: Lacertidae). Bonner zoologische Beitrage 47(187-188).

Broggi, M.F. 1994. Feldherpetologische Beobachtungen und Bemerkungen zu schützenswerten Biotopen auf griechischen Inseln (Amphibia; Reptilia; Griechenland). Herpetozoa: 29-34.

Çevik, I.E. 1999. Trakya'da Yasayan Kertenkele Türlerinin Taksonomik Durumu (Lacertilia: Anguidae, Lacertidae, Scincidae). Tr. J. of Zoology: 23-35.

Covaciu-Marcov, S.-D., Cicort-Lucaciu, A.-St., Sas, I. , Bogdan, H. & Pusta, C. 2003. Preliminary data about the distribution of Podarcis taurica in the north-western parts of Romania. Analele Univ. Oradea, Fasc. Biologie.: 111-117.

Cruce, M. 1971. Variabilitatea unor populatii de Lacerta taurica taurica Pallas din Romania. Studii si cercetari de Biologie, Seria Zoologie: 197-208.

Gasc, J.-P., Cabela, A., Crnobrnja-Isailovic, J., Dolmen, D., Grossenbacher, K., Haffner, P., Lescure, J., Martens, H., Martínez-Rica, J.P., Maurin, H., Oliveira, M.E., Sofianidou, T.S., Veith, M. and Zuiderwijk, A. 1997. Atlas of Amphibians and Reptiles in Europe. Societas Europaea Herpetologica and Musée National d'Histoire Naturelle, Paris.

IUCN. 2009. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species (ver. 2009.1). Available at: (Accessed: 22 June 2009).

Kabisch, K. 1986. Podarcis taurica - Taurische Eidechse. In: Böhme, W. (ed.), Handbuch der Reptilien und Amphibien Europas, Band 2/II., Echsen III (Podarcis)., pp. 343-362. Aula-Verlag, Wiesbaden.

Lanza, B. and Boscherini, S. 2000. The gender of the genera Podarcis Wagler 1830 (Lacertidae), Pelamis Daudin 1803 (Hydrophiidae) and Uropeltis Cuvier 1829 (Uropeltidae). Tropical Zoology 13: 327-329.

Montori, A. and Llorente, G.A. 2005. Lista patrón actualizada de la Herpetofauna española. Conclusiones de nomenclatura y taxonomía para las especies de anfibios y reptiles de España. Asociación Española de Herpetología, Barcelona.

Nöllert, A. 1983. Einige Bemerkungen zur Taurischen Eidechse, Podarcis taurica taurica (Pallas) in Südostbulgarien. Herpetofauna: 26-29.

Nöllert, A., Nöllert, C. and Ritter, A. 1986. Einige Beobachtungen zur Herpetofauna der bulgarischen Schwarzmeerküste und Südwestbulgariens (Teil 2 - Die Reptilien). Herpetofauna 8(44): 30-34.

Poulakakis, N., Lymberakis, P., Antoniou, A., Chalkia, D., Zouros, E., Mylonas, M. and Valakos, E. 2003. Molecular phylogeny and biogeography of the wall-lizard Podarcis erhardii (Squamata: Lacertidae). Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution: 38-46.

Schlüter, U. 2003. Die herpetofauna des NSG Padurea Hagieni in Rumänien. Elaphe 11(1): 60-65.

Sindaco, R. and Jeremčenko, V.K. 2008. The Reptiles of the Western Palearctic. 1. Annotated Checklist and Distributional Atlas of the Turtles, Crocodiles, Amphibians and Lizards of Europe, North Africa, Middle East and Central Asia. Edizioni Belvedere, Latina (Italy).

Sindaco, R., Venchi, A., Carpaneto, G.M. and Bologna, M.A. 2000. The reptiles of Anatolia: a checklist and zoogeographical analysis. Biogeographia 21: 441-554.

Wütschert, R. 1984. Neues uber die Reptilienfauna der Insel Korfu. Salamandra 20(4): 221-228.

Citation: Wolfgang Böhme, Petros Lymberakis, Rastko Ajtic, Varol Tok, Ismail H. Ugurtas, Murat Sevinç, Pierre-André Crochet, Idriz Haxhiu, László Krecsák, Bogoljub Sterijovski, Lymberakis, Jelka Crnobrnja Isailovic, Podloucky, Dan Cogalniceanu, Aziz Avci. 2009. Podarcis tauricus. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2009: e.T61554A12515695. . Downloaded on 23 July 2018.
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