|Scientific Name:||Iberolacerta cyreni|
|Species Authority:||(Müller & Helmich, 1937)|
Lacerta cyreni Müller & Helmich, 1937
Lacerta cyreni Müller & Hellmich, 1937
Lacerta monticola subspecies cyreni Müller & Hellmich, 1937
|Taxonomic Notes:||This taxon is considered to be a full species based on evidence from Arribas (1996), Carranza et al. (2004), Crochet et al. (2004), Mayer and Arribas (1996, 2003) and Odierna et al. (1996). It was formerly treated as a subspecies of Iberolacerta monticola. The specific status of this taxon is supported by morphology (Arribas 1996), allozymes (Mayer and Arribas 1996) and mitochondrial DNA (Mayer and Arribas 2003; Carranza et al. 2004a; Crochet et al. 2004). It was formerly included in the genus Lacerta, but is now included in Iberolacerta, following Carranza et al. (2004), and based on evidence from Arribas (1998, 1999), Carranza et al. (2004), Harris et al. (1998) and Mayer and Arribas (2003).|
|Red List Category & Criteria:||Endangered B1ab(iii) ver 3.1|
|Assessor(s):||Valentin Pérez-Mellado, Marc Cheylan, Iñigo Martínez-Solano|
|Reviewer(s):||Cox, N. and Temple, H.J. (Global Reptile Assessment)|
Listed as Endangered because its Extent of Occurrence is less than 5,000 km2, its distribution is severely fragmented, and there is continuing decline in the extent and quality of its habitat.
|Range Description:||This species is endemic to the central mountain system of Spain in the Sierra de Bejar, Sierra de Gredos, La Serrota and Sierra del Guadarrama. It occurs from 1,300 to 2,500m.|
|Range Map:||Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.|
|Population:||It is a reasonably common species in several areas.|
|Habitat and Ecology:||It is a montane species found close to the tree line in damp, rocky habitats. The females lay a clutch of three to ten eggs once or twice a year.|
|Major Threat(s):||Its populations are highly fragmented and are threatened by habitat loss, especially due to the construction of ski resorts and roads. It might also be adversely affected in future by climate change.|
|Conservation Actions:||It occurs in the Sierra de Gredos Natural Park.|
Andreu, A., Bea, A., Braña, F., Galán, P., López-Jurado, L.F., Pérez-Mellado, V., Pleguezuelos, J.M. and Salvador, A. 1998. Fauna Ibérica. Reptiles. 10: 1-705.
Arnold, E.N., Arribas, O. and Carranza, S. 2007. Systematics of the Palaearctic and Oriental lizards tribe Lacertini (Squamata: Lacertidae: Lacertinae), with descriptions of eight new genera. Zootaxa, 1430: 1-86..
Arribas, O.J. 1996. Taxonomic revision of the Iberian 'Archaeolacertae" I: A new interpretation of the geographical variation of 'Lacerta' monticola Boulenger 1905 and 'Lacerta' cyreni Müller & Hellmich 1937 (Squamata: Sauria: Lacertidae). Herpetozoa: 31-56.
Arribas, O.J. 1998. Osteology of the Pyreanean mountain lizards and comparison with other species of the collective genus Archaeolacerta Mertens, 1921 s.l. from Europe and Asia Minor. Herpetozoa: 155-180.
Arribas, O.J. 1999. Phylogeny and relationships of the mountain lizards of Europe and Near East (Archaeolacerta Mertens, 1921, sensu lato) and their relationships among the eurasian lacertid radiation. Russ. J. Herpetol.: 1-22.
Arribas, O.J. and Carranza, S. 2004. Morphological and genetic evidence of the full specific status of Iberolacerta cyreni martinezricai. Zootaxa: 1-14.
Carranza, S., Arnold, E.N. and Amat, F. 2004. DNA phylogeny of Lacerta (Iberolacerta) and other lacertine lizards (Reptilia: Lacertidae): did competition cause long-term mountain restriction? Systematics and Biodiversity: 57-77.
Crochet, P.-A., Chaline, O., Surget-Groba, Y., Debain, C. and Cheylan, M. 2004. Speciation in mountains: phylogeography and phylogeny of the rock lizards genus Iberolacerta (Reptilia: Lacertidae). Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution: 860-866.
Harris, D.J., Arnold, E.N. and Thomas, R.H. 1998. Relationships of lacertid lizards (Reptilia: Lacertidae) estimated from mitochondrial DNA sequences and morphology. Proceedings of the Royal Society London, Series B 265: 1939-1948.
IUCN. 2009. European Species on the IUCN Red List. Available at: http://www.iucnredlist.org/europe. (Accessed: 22 June 2009).
Mayer, W. and Arribas, O.J. 1996. Allozyme differentiation and relationship among the Iberian-Pyrenean Mountain Lizards (Squamata: Sauria: Lacertidae). Herpetozoa: 57-61.
Mayer, W. and Arribas, O.J. 2003. Phylogenetic relationships of the European lacertid genera Archaeolacerta and Iberolacerta and their relationships to some other ‘Archaeolacertae’ (sensu lato) from Near East, derived from mitochondrial DNA sequences. Journal of zoological Systematics and evolutionary Research: 157-161.
Pérez-Mellado, V., Barbadillo, L. J., Barahona, F., Brown, R.P., Corti, C., Guerrero, F. and Lanza, B. 1993. A systematic survey of the Iberian rock lizard Lacerta monticola Boulenger, 1905. In: Valakos, E. D., Böhme, W., Pérez-Mellado, V. and Maragou, P. (eds), Lacertids of the Mediterranean region., pp. 85-105. Hellenic Zoological Society, Athens.
Sindaco, R. and Jeremčenko, V.K. 2008. The Reptiles of the Western Palearctic. 1. Annotated Checklist and Distributional atlas of the turtles, crocodiles, amphisbaenians and lizards of Europe, North Africa, Middle East and Central Asia. Edizioni Belvedere, Latina (Italy).
|Citation:||Valentin Pérez-Mellado, Marc Cheylan, Iñigo Martínez-Solano 2009. Iberolacerta cyreni. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2014.2. <www.iucnredlist.org>. Downloaded on 23 August 2014.|
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