|Scientific Name:||Acanthodactylus schreiberi|
|Species Authority:||Boettger, 1878|
|Red List Category & Criteria:||Endangered A2c; B2ab(i,ii,iii,iv) ver 3.1|
|Assessor/s:||Souad Hraoui-Bloquet, Riyad Sadek, Yehudah Werner, Petros Lymberakis, Varol Tok, Ismail H. Ugurtas, Murat Sevinç, Wolfgang Böhme, Yakup Kaska, Yusuf Kumlutaş, Uğur Kaya, Aziz Avci, Nazan Üzüm, Can Yeniyurt, Ferdi Akarsu|
|Reviewer/s:||Cox, N. and Temple, H.J. (Global Reptile Assessment)|
Listed as Endangered because of a serious population decline, estimated to be more than 50% over the last three generations (12 years), inferred from observed shrinkage in distribution and habitat destruction and/or degradation. In addition it is listed as Endangered because its area of occupancy is less than 500 km2, and its distribution is severely fragmented, and there is a continuing decline in its extent of occurrence, in its area of occupancy, in the extent and quality of its habitat, and the in the number of subpopulations.
|Range Description:||This species is known from certain coastal areas in the Eastern Mediterranean. It is found in the following places: in coastal areas and riverbeds, but not high mountains in Cyprus; southern Turkey (two coastal records from one site in the Hatay Province); is fragmented range in coastal southern Lebanon (near Sidon and Tyrosin) and was also known from Beirut (although it is possibly extirpated from this site); and a narrow, fragmented coastal strip in Israel. The species might also occur in in Egypt, although this requires confirmation.|
Native:Cyprus; Israel; Lebanon; Turkey
|Range Map:||Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.|
|Population:||It can be fairly common in suitable fragments of habitat in Cyprus. In Turkey, it is very rare.|
|Habitat and Ecology:||It is found on coastal sand dunes (where there are no competing Acanthodactylus) or light soil close to the dunes. It can be found in newly created cultivated areas with sandy soil close to sand dune habitat. In many areas, it cannot tolerate disturbance. In Israel it can be found in open orchards with a suitable substrate. The females have a maximum clutch of four eggs.|
|Major Threat(s):||This species is threatened by coastal urbanization, including the development of tourism facilities. It is also threatened by the extraction of sand from beaches for building, and human disturbance through the high numbers of tourists visiting sites. The population close to Beirut is believed to have been extirpated through loss of habitat through the construction of refugee camps. In Turkey, there is a major petrol pipeline project and industrial activities in its habitat and pollution from petrol and other industries threatens its restricted range.|
|Conservation Actions:||It is present in the Tyr Beach protected area in southern Lebanon (although it is disturbed by tourism at this site), and it is present in a number of protected areas in Cyprus and two protected areas in Israel. It is protected by national legislation in Israel. It is not found in any protected areas in Turkey. There is a need to further research the range of this species and to prevent additional habitat loss. There is also a need to investigate the possibilities of habitat restoration in coastal dune areas.|
Arnold, E.N. 1983. Osteology, genitalia and the relationships of Acanthodactylus (Reptilia: Lacertidae). Bull. Br. Mus. Nat. Hist. (Zool.): 291-339.
Böhme, W. and Wiedl, H. 1994. Status and zoogeography of the herpetofauna of Cyprus, with taxonomic and natural history notes on selected species (genera Rana, Coluber, Natrix, Vipera). Zoology in the Middle East 10: 31-52.
Disi, A.M. and Böhme, W. 1996. Zoogeography of the amphibians and reptiles of Syria, with additional new records. Herpetozoa 9(1/2): 63-70.
Dolev, A. and Perevelotsky, A. (eds). 2002. Red Book of Threatened Species in Israel – Vertebrates. Nature and Parks Authority and the Society for the Protection of Nature in Israel, Jerusalem.
Franzen, M. 1998. Erstnachweis von Acanthodactylus schreiberi schreiberi Boulenger, 1879 für die Türkei (Squmata: Sauria: Lacertidae). Herpetozoa: 27-36.
Harris, D.J. and Arnold, E.N. 2000. Elucidation of the relationships of spiny-footed lizards, Acanthodactylus ssp. (Reptilia: Lacertidae) using mitochondrial DNA sequence, with comments of their biogeography and evolution. J. Zool. (London): 351-362.
Hraoui-Blouquet, S., Sadek, R.A., Sindaco, R. and Venchi, A. 2002. The herpetofauna of Lebanon: new data on distribution. Zoology in the Middle East 27: 35-46.
In den Bosch, H.A.J. 1998. Prodomus einer Liste der Amphibien und Reptilien Libanons Produmus Amphibiorum et Reptiliorum Phoeniciae (Amphibia; Reptilia). Faunistische Abhandlungen Staatl. Museum f. Tierkunde Dresden 21: 9-17.
IUCN. 2009. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species (ver. 2009.1). Available at: www.iucnredlist.org. (Accessed: 22 June 2009).
Martens, H. 1997. A review of "Zoogeography of amphibians and reptiles of Syria, with additional new records" (Herpetozoa 9 (1/2), 1996). Herpetozoa 10(3/4): 99-106.
Sindaco, R. and Jeremenko, V.K. 2008. The Reptiles of the Western Palearctic. 1. Annotated Checklist and Distributional atlas of the turtles, crocodiles, amphisbaenians and lizards of Europe, North Africa, Middle East and Central Asia. Edizioni Belvedere, Latina (Italy).
Sindaco, R., Venchi, A., Carpaneto, G.M. and Bologna, M.A. 2000. The reptiles of Anatolia: a checklist and zoogeographical analysis. Biogeographia 21: 441-554.
|Citation:||Souad Hraoui-Bloquet, Riyad Sadek, Yehudah Werner, Petros Lymberakis, Varol Tok, Ismail H. Ugurtas, Murat Sevinç, Wolfgang Böhme, Yakup Kaska, Yusuf Kumlutaş, Uğur Kaya, Aziz Avci, Nazan Üzüm, Can Yeniyurt, Ferdi Akarsu 2009. Acanthodactylus schreiberi. In: IUCN 2012. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2012.2. <www.iucnredlist.org>. Downloaded on 24 May 2013.|
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