|Scientific Name:||Montivipera bornmuelleri|
|Species Authority:||(Werner, 1898)|
Vipera bornmuelleri Werner, 1898
|Taxonomic Notes:||This species is included in Montivipera following Nilson et al. (1999).|
|Red List Category & Criteria:||Endangered B1ab(iii) ver 3.1|
|Assessor(s):||Mousa Disi, A.M., Hraoui-Bloquet, S., Sadek, R. & Werner, Y.|
|Reviewer(s):||Stuart, S.N. & Cox, N. (Global Reptile Assessment)|
Listed as Endangered because its extent of occurrence is less than 5,000 km², its distribution is severely fragmented, and there is continuing decline in the extent and quality of its montane habitat through overgrazing.
|Previously published Red List assessments:||
|Range Description:||This species has been recorded from high mountain regions in Lebanon and Syria from about 1,000 to around 2,200 m asl. It is present on the Mount Lebanon Range, the Anti-Lebanon Range and Mount Hermon (in Israeli-occupied Syria), and is also present on Jabel Al Arab (Druz), Syria.|
Native:Lebanon; Syrian Arab Republic
|Range Map:||Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.|
|Population:||It can be common in suitable habitat.|
|Current Population Trend:||Decreasing|
|Habitat and Ecology:||It is found in cedar forests, alpine grasslands and amongst cushion-type vegetation and rocks. This species gives birth to between two and 18 young.|
|Major Threat(s):||This is a restricted range species that is threatened in Lebanon by overgrazing of habitat by sheep and goats, and also through degradation of suitable habitat through the use of off-road vehicles. On Mount Hermon it is threatened by the development of its habitat for use by the military, and is potentially threatened by the development of the skiing industry.|
|Conservation Actions:||This species is found in the protected areas of Arz Al-Shouf and Horj Ehden in Lebanon, and in the Hermon Reserve in Israeli-occupied Syria.|
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Disi, A.M. and Böhme, W. 1996. Zoogeography of the amphibians and reptiles of Syria, with additional new records. Herpetozoa 9(1/2): 63–70.
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Hraoui-Bloquet, S., Sadek, R.A., Sindaco, R. and Venchi, A. 2002. The herpetofauna of Lebanon: new data on distribution. Zoology in the Middle East 27(2002): 35-46.
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Joger, U. and Meder, M. 1997. Taxonomic Resolution of the Vipera xanthina Complex. In: Z. Rocek & S. Hart (eds) Herpetology '97, Abstracts of the Third World Congress of Herpetology 2-10 August 1997 Prague, Czech Republic. ,
Lenk, P., Joger, U. and Wink, M. 2001. Phylogenetic relationships among European ratsnakes of the genus Elaphe Fitzinger based on mitochondrial DNA sequence comparisons. Amphibia-Reptilia 22(3): 329–339.
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Mertens, R. 1967. Über Lachesis libanotica und den Status von Vipera bornmuelleri. Senckenbergiana Biol. 48(3): 153–159
Nilson, G. and Andrén, C. 1985. Systematics of the Vipera xanthina complex (Reptilia: Viperidae). 3. Taxonomic status of the Bulgar Dagh viper in south Turkey. Journal of Herpetology 19(2): 276–283
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Nilson, G., Tuniyev, B., Andrén, C., Orlov, N., Joger, U. and Herrmann, H.W. 1999. Taxonomic position of the Vipera xanthina complex. Kaupia (Darmstadt) 8: 99–102
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|Citation:||Mousa Disi, A.M., Hraoui-Bloquet, S., Sadek, R. & Werner, Y. 2006. Montivipera bornmuelleri. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2006: e.T61445A12486224. . Downloaded on 30 November 2015.|