Tristramella sacra


Taxonomy [top]

Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family

Scientific Name: Tristramella sacra
Species Authority: (Günther, 1865)
Common Name/s:
English Long jaw tristramella

Assessment Information [top]

Red List Category & Criteria: Critically Endangered A2abc ver 3.1
Year Published: 2006
Date Assessed: 2006-01-31
Assessor/s: Goren, M.
Reviewer/s: Bogutskaya, N. & Pollock, C.M. (Mediterranean Workshop, Dec. 2004)
Endemic to one lake in Israel. The species has not been recorded since 1990, in spite of searches for the species both in the lake and in local markets. Destruction of breeding habitat (marsh area in north part of the lake) may be the reason for its apparent disappearance. Drought resulted in the spawning area drying out in 1991 then again in mid 1990s. The species may already be extinct, but further searches are necessary to confirm this.

Geographic Range [top]

Range Description:This species is restricted to the Kinneret (Tiberias) Lake in Israel. The genus is endemic to the Levant.
Possibly extinct:
Range Map:Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.

Population [top]

Population: This species may be extinct. It was last seen in 1989/90. Since then, it has not been found (either in the lake or in local markets) in spite of attempts to find it.
Population Trend: Unknown

Habitat and Ecology [top]

Habitat and Ecology: A lacustrine species. Reproduction occurs in spring (April-July): it is a paternal mouth brooder. The species feeds on zooplankton and small fish.
Systems: Freshwater

Threats [top]

Major Threat(s): Destruction of breeding habitat (marsh area in north part of the lake) may be the reason for its apparent disappearance. The marsh area was dry in 1991, then again in mid 1990s, as a result of droughts.

Conservation Actions [top]

Conservation Actions: None known to be in place.

Bibliography [top]

Ben Tuvia, A., Davidoff, E.B., Shapiro, J. and Shefler, D. 1992. Biology and management of Lake Kinneret fisheries. The Israeli Journal of Aquaculture - Bamidgeh 44: 48–65.

IUCN. 2006. 2006 IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Downloaded on 04 May 2006.

Krupp, F. and Schneider, W. 1989. The fishes of the Jordan River drainage basin and Azraq Oasis. Fauna of Saudi Arabia 10: 347-416.

Spataru, P. and Gophen, M. 1986. Food composition of Tristramella sacra (Günther, 1864) (Cichlidae) in Lake Kinneret (Israel). Israel Journal of Zoology 34: 183–189.

Citation: Goren, M. 2006. Tristramella sacra. In: IUCN 2013. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2013.2. <>. Downloaded on 24 April 2014.
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