Tristramella sacra 

Scope: Global
Language: English

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Taxonomy [top]

Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family
Animalia Chordata Actinopterygii Perciformes Cichlidae

Scientific Name: Tristramella sacra (Günther, 1865)
Common Name(s):
English Long Jaw Tristramella
Chromis paterfamilias Lortet, 1876
Hemichromis sacra Günther, 1865
Taxonomic Source(s): Eschmeyer, W.N. (ed.). 2014. Catalog of Fishes. Updated 10 March 2014. Available at: http://

Assessment Information [top]

Red List Category & Criteria: Extinct ver 3.1
Year Published: 2014
Date Assessed: 2013-03-18
Assessor(s): Goren, M.
Reviewer(s): Freyhof, J. & Smith, K.
This species was endemic to one lake in Israel; it is now Extinct. It has not been recorded since 1989/90, in spite of searches for the species both in the lake and in local markets. Destruction of breeding habitat (marsh area in north part of the lake) may be the reason for its apparent disappearance.
Previously published Red List assessments:

Geographic Range [top]

Range Description:This species was restricted to the Kinneret (Tiberias) Lake in Israel.
Countries occurrence:
Regionally extinct:
Additional data:
Range Map:Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.

Population [top]

Population:This species is now Extinct. It was last seen in 1989/90. Since then, it has not been found (either in the lake or in local markets) in spite of attempts to find it.
Additional data:

Habitat and Ecology [top]

Habitat and Ecology:This was a lacustrine species. Reproduction occured in spring (April-July): it was a paternal mouth brooder. The species fed on zooplankton and small fish.
Movement patterns:Not a Migrant

Threats [top]

Major Threat(s): The reasons for the extinction of this species are unknown. Destruction of marshes, the breeding area of the species, has been speculated. as a reason for its extinction.

Conservation Actions [top]

Conservation Actions: Conservation actions are no longer relevant to this species as it is now Extinct.

Classifications [top]

5. Wetlands (inland) -> 5.5. Wetlands (inland) - Permanent Freshwater Lakes (over 8ha)
suitability:Suitable season:resident major importance:Yes

In-Place Research, Monitoring and Planning
In-Place Land/Water Protection and Management
In-Place Species Management
In-Place Education

Bibliography [top]

Ben Tuvia, A., Davidoff, E.B., Shapiro, J. and Shefler, D. 1992. Biology and management of Lake Kinneret fisheries. The Israeli Journal of Aquaculture - Bamidgeh 44: 48–65.

IUCN. 2014. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2014.1. Available at: (Accessed: 12 June 2014).

Krupp, F. and Schneider, W. 1989. The fishes of the Jordan River drainage basin and Azraq Oasis. Fauna of Saudi Arabia 10: 347-416.

Spataru, P. and Gophen, M. 1986. Food composition of Tristramella sacra (Günther, 1864) (Cichlidae) in Lake Kinneret (Israel). Israel Journal of Zoology 34: 183–189.

Citation: Goren, M. 2014. Tristramella sacra. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2014: e.T61372A19010617. . Downloaded on 20 August 2018.
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