|Scientific Name:||Arabicnemis caerulea|
|Species Authority:||Waterston, 1984|
|Red List Category & Criteria:||Least Concern ver 3.1|
|Assessor/s:||Schneider, W., Samraoui, B. & Boudot, J.-P.|
|Reviewer/s:||García, N., Dijkstra, K.-D.B. & Suhling, F.|
Records of Arabicnemis caerulea are increasing in the whole of its range, with the most recent records (1990-2011) mainly from the northeastern subpopulation (Oman and the Emirates), but several records for south Yemen dating from 2005 are available (Schneider, unpublished). Therefore the species is assessed as Least Concern. The new unpublished records from the Wadi Hadramout system confirm this assessment.
|Range Description:||Arabicnemis caerulea is a south Arabian endemic confined to Yemen, northeast Oman and the north of the United Arab Emirates. There are 37 records available from 24 different localities. 38% of the records date from 1990 onwards, 27% from 2000 onwards, and this increase in the rate of records suggests that the species is well established in southern Arabia. Eight new records from Hadramout (Yemen) are available from 2005 (Schneider pers. obs. unpublished).|
Native:Oman; United Arab Emirates; Yemen
|Range Map:||Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.|
|Population:||Population size is unknown but the species seems rather widespread.|
|Habitat and Ecology:||
Arabicnemis caerulea is found in wadis with permanent sections of freshwater as well as along irrigation ditches in traditional agricultural areas as oases. It is found in waters with shallow and slow-flowing sections with floating and submerse aquatic vegetation.
Unsustainable water management (drainage, excessive irrigation, pollution) and drought may be potential future threats.
Monitoring of the quality of running waters is recommended. Research on population size and trends of the species are needed.
Al-Safadi, M.M. 1990. Dragonflies (Odonata) of the Yemen Arab Republic. Fauna of Saudi Arabia 11: 18–30.
Al-Safadi, M.M. 1995. A pilot study of lake Ma'rib, Yemen. Hydrobiologia 315: 203-209.
Feulner, G.R. 2006. Field Reports. Diverse Dragonflies. Gazelle, Newsletter of the Dubai Natural History Group 21: 6-7.
IUCN. 2013. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species (ver. 2013.1). Available at: http://www.iucnredlist.org. (Accessed: 12 June 2013).
Schneider, W. 1988. Dragonflies (Odonata) of the Wahiba Sands and adjacent Areas, Eastern Oman. Journal of Oman Studies Special Report 3: 377–388.
Schneider W. and Dumont H.J. 1997. The Dragonflies and damselflies (Insecta: Odonata) of Oman. An updated and annotated checklist. Fauna of Saudi Arabia 16: 89–110.
Waterston, A.R. 1984. A new genus and species of Platycnemidid Dragonfly from the Arabian Peninsula (Zygoptera). Odonatologica 13: 139–146.
Waterston, A.R. 1984. Insects of Southern Arabia. Odonata from the Yemens and Saudi Arabia. Fauna of Saudi Arabia 6: 451–472
Waterston, A.R. and Pittaway, A.R. 1991 (1989). The Odonata or Dragonflies of Oman and neighbouring territories. Journal of Oman Studies 10: 131-168.
Wilson, K.D.P. 2008. A brief trip to United Arab Emirates and northern Oman. Agrion, newsletter of the Worldwide Dragonfly Association 12: 56-57.
|Citation:||Schneider, W., Samraoui, B. & Boudot, J.-P. 2013. Arabicnemis caerulea. In: IUCN 2013. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2013.2. <www.iucnredlist.org>. Downloaded on 07 December 2013.|
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