Arabicnemis caerulea 


Taxonomy [top]

Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family
Animalia Arthropoda Insecta Odonata Platycnemididae

Scientific Name: Arabicnemis caerulea
Species Authority: Waterston, 1984
Common Name(s):
English Powder Blue Damselfly

Assessment Information [top]

Red List Category & Criteria: Least Concern ver 3.1
Year Published: 2013
Date Assessed: 2012-04-15
Assessor(s): Schneider, W., Samraoui, B. & Boudot, J.-P.
Reviewer(s): García, N., Dijkstra, K.-D.B. & Suhling, F.
Facilitator/Compiler(s): Alomari, K.

Records of Arabicnemis caerulea are increasing in the whole of its range, with the most recent records (1990-2011) mainly from the northeastern subpopulation (Oman and the Emirates), but several records for south Yemen dating from 2005 are available (Schneider, unpublished). Therefore the species is assessed as Least Concern. The new unpublished records from the Wadi Hadramout system confirm this assessment.

Previously published Red List assessments:
2006 Vulnerable (VU)

Geographic Range [top]

Range Description: Arabicnemis caerulea is a south Arabian endemic confined to Yemen, northeast Oman and the north of the United Arab Emirates. There are 37 records available from 24 different localities. 38% of the records date from 1990 onwards, 27% from 2000 onwards, and this increase in the rate of records suggests that the species is well established in southern Arabia. Eight new records from Hadramout (Yemen) are available from 2005 (Schneider pers. obs. unpublished).
Countries occurrence:
Oman; United Arab Emirates; Yemen
Estimated area of occupancy (AOO) - km2: 37
Continuing decline in area of occupancy (AOO): No
Extreme fluctuations in area of occupancy (AOO): Unknown
Estimated extent of occurrence (EOO) - km2:
Number of Locations: 21
Continuing decline in number of locations: No
Extreme fluctuations in the number of locations: Unknown
Upper elevation limit (metres): 2200
Range Map: Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.

Population [top]

Population: Population size is unknown but the species seems rather widespread.
Current Population Trend: Stable
Additional data:
Continuing decline of mature individuals: No
Extreme fluctuations: No Population severely fragmented: Unknown
Continuing decline in subpopulations: Unknown
Extreme fluctuations in subpopulations: Unknown All individuals in one subpopulation: No

Habitat and Ecology [top]

Habitat and Ecology:

Arabicnemis caerulea is found in wadis with permanent sections of freshwater as well as along irrigation ditches in traditional agricultural areas as oases. It is found in waters with shallow and slow-flowing sections with floating and submerse aquatic vegetation.

Systems: Terrestrial; Freshwater
Continuing decline in area, extent and/or quality of habitat: Unknown
Movement patterns: Not a Migrant

Use and Trade [top]

Use and Trade: This species is not utilized.

Threats [top]

Major Threat(s):

Unsustainable water management (drainage, excessive irrigation, pollution) and drought may be potential future threats.

Conservation Actions [top]

Conservation Actions:

Monitoring of the quality of running waters is recommended. Research on population size and trends of the species are needed.

Classifications [top]

5. Wetlands (inland) -> 5.1. Wetlands (inland) - Permanent Rivers/Streams/Creeks (includes waterfalls)
suitability: Suitable  major importance:Yes
5. Wetlands (inland) -> 5.2. Wetlands (inland) - Seasonal/Intermittent/Irregular Rivers/Streams/Creeks
suitability: Suitable  major importance:Yes
5. Wetlands (inland) -> 5.9. Wetlands (inland) - Freshwater Springs and Oases
suitability: Suitable  major importance:Yes
15. Artificial/Aquatic & Marine -> 15.7. Artificial/Aquatic - Irrigated Land (includes irrigation channels)
suitability: Suitable  major importance:Yes
15. Artificial/Aquatic & Marine -> 15.9. Artificial/Aquatic - Canals and Drainage Channels, Ditches
suitability: Suitable  major importance:Yes

In-Place Research, Monitoring and Planning
In-Place Land/Water Protection and Management
In-Place Species Management
In-Place Education
1. Research -> 1.2. Population size, distribution & trends
3. Monitoring -> 3.1. Population trends
3. Monitoring -> 3.4. Habitat trends

Bibliography [top]

Al-Safadi, M.M. 1990. Dragonflies (Odonata) of the Yemen Arab Republic. Fauna of Saudi Arabia 11: 18–30.

Al-Safadi, M.M. 1995. A pilot study of lake Ma'rib, Yemen. Hydrobiologia 315: 203-209.

Feulner, G.R. 2006. Field Reports. Diverse Dragonflies. Gazelle, Newsletter of the Dubai Natural History Group 21: 6-7.

IUCN. 2013. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species (ver. 2013.1). Available at: (Accessed: 12 June 2013).

Schneider, W. 1988. Dragonflies (Odonata) of the Wahiba Sands and adjacent Areas, Eastern Oman. Journal of Oman Studies Special Report 3: 377–388.

Schneider W. and Dumont H.J. 1997. The Dragonflies and damselflies (Insecta: Odonata) of Oman. An updated and annotated checklist. Fauna of Saudi Arabia 16: 89–110.

Waterston, A.R. 1984. A new genus and species of Platycnemidid Dragonfly from the Arabian Peninsula (Zygoptera). Odonatologica 13: 139–146.

Waterston, A.R. 1984. Insects of Southern Arabia. Odonata from the Yemens and Saudi Arabia. Fauna of Saudi Arabia 6: 451–472

Waterston, A.R. and Pittaway, A.R. 1991 (1989). The Odonata or Dragonflies of Oman and neighbouring territories. Journal of Oman Studies 10: 131-168.

Wilson, K.D.P. 2008. A brief trip to United Arab Emirates and northern Oman. Agrion, newsletter of the Worldwide Dragonfly Association 12: 56-57.

Citation: Schneider, W., Samraoui, B. & Boudot, J.-P. 2013. Arabicnemis caerulea. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2013: e.T60284A13385707. . Downloaded on 25 November 2015.
Disclaimer: To make use of this information, please check the <Terms of Use>.
Feedback: If you see any errors or have any questions or suggestions on what is shown on this page, please provide us with feedback so that we can correct or extend the information provided