|Scientific Name:||Pseudagrion kaffinum|
|Species Authority:||Consiglio, 1978|
|Red List Category & Criteria:||Vulnerable B1ab(i,ii,iii) ver 3.1|
|Reviewer/s:||Dijkstra, K.D. & Suhling, F. (SSC Odonata Specialist Group) & Allen, D. (IUCN Freshwater Biodiversity Unit)|
This species was previously only known from two sites on the “Piccolo Ghibiè” east of Jima. Recently it was found at three additional sites: it was found to be numerous south of Gore, 180 km west of the type locality, and near Bulbul and on the Gibe River, both near the type locality (Clausnitzer and Dijkstra 2005). The habitat requirements of Pseudagrion kaffinum are not very specific and it seems to be quite tolerant to human influence on the landscape. Still it is only known from five localities in Ethiopia's southwestern highlands, but assumed to occur on more localities. Nevertheless the Ethiopian highlands have experienced and still experience a drastic degradation of the environment due to the increase of population, agriculture and wetland pollution and siltation. The extent of occurrence of Pseudagrion kaffinum is far below 20,000 km² and the area of known occupancy far below 2,000 km². For both a continuing decline in area and habitat quality is inferred for the past, present and future. It is listed as Vulnerable.
|Range Description:||The species has been recorded from Ethiopia, southwestern highlands (recorded at an altitude range between 1,600 and 1,800 m).|
|Range Map:||Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.|
|Population:||Population size and trends are unknown. It is described as numerous in at least three known sites.|
|Habitat and Ecology:||Small streams to wide rivers, slow–flowing waters in open country with muddy and grassy verges.|
|Major Threat(s):||Water pollution is a threat to this species.|
|Conservation Actions:||Wetland conservation is needed, as well as research into the species population numbers and range.|
Brignoli, P.M., Consiglio, C., Cottarelli, V. and Taglianti, A.V. 1978. General remarks about the first and second zoological expeditions to Ethiopia, organized by the Accademia Nazionale dei Lincei. Problemi attuali di scienza e di cultura (III): 2.
Clausnitzer, V. and Dijkstra, K.-D.B. 2005. The dragonflies (Odonata) of Ethiopia, with notes on the status of endemic taxa and the description of a new species. Entomologische Zeitschrift 115(3): 117-130.
Consiglio, C. 1978. Odonata collected in Ethiopia by the expeditions of the Accademia Nazionale Dei Lincei. I Introduction and the Zygoptera. Problemi attuali di scienza e di cultura (III) 243: 27–51.
Dijkstra, K.-D.B. and Clausnitzer, V. 2005. An annotated checklist of the dragonflies (Odonata) of eastern Africa, with critical lists for Ethiopia, Kenya, Malawi, Tanzania and Uganda, new records, taxonomic notes and descriptions of new species. in prep.
IUCN. 2010. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species (ver. 2010.3). Available at: http://www.iucnredlist.org. (Accessed: 2 September 2010).
|Citation:||Clausnitzer, V. 2010. Pseudagrion kaffinum. In: IUCN 2012. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2012.2. <www.iucnredlist.org>. Downloaded on 22 May 2013.|
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