Pantala flavescens 


Taxonomy [top]

Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family
Animalia Arthropoda Insecta Odonata Libellulidae

Scientific Name: Pantala flavescens
Species Authority: (Fabricius, 1798)
Regional Assessments:
Common Name(s):
English Wandering Glider, Globe Skimmer, Globe Wanderer
French Libellule Globe Trotter, Pantale Flavescente
Libellula analis Burmeister, 1839
Libellula flavescens Fabricius, 1798
Libellula terminalis Burmeister, 1839
Libellula viridula Palisot de Beauvois, 1807
Orthetrum mathewi Singh & Baijal, 1955
Sympetrum tandicola Singh, 1955
Taxonomic Source(s): Schorr, M. and Paulson, D. 2014. World Odonata List. Tacoma, Washington, USA Available at: (Accessed: 17 February 2014).

Assessment Information [top]

Red List Category & Criteria: Least Concern ver 3.1
Year Published: 2013
Date Assessed: 2012-04-10
Assessor(s): Boudot, J.-P., Clausnitzer, V., Samraoui, B., Suhling, F., Dijkstra, K.-D.B. & Schneider, W.
Reviewer(s): García, N., Tognelli, M. & Suhling, F.
Facilitator/Compiler(s): Alomari, K.
This is a widespread species with no known major widespread threats that is unlikely to be declining fast enough to qualify for listing in a threatened category. It is therefore assessed as Least Concern.
Previously published Red List assessments:
2009 Least Concern (LC)
2006 Least Concern (LC)

Geographic Range [top]

Range Description: Pantala flavescens is a circumtropical species known from all continents crossed by the equator. It is an obligate migrant of which the migrations are linked to the monsoon front and which is commonly recorded from all African countries pertaining to the Afrotropics (including Madagascar and the nearby islands), except Djibouti and Eritrea where it should be present but records still missing. Further north, small numbers of migrants have been found in all other African countries, except Libya and Western Sahara (obviously due to a too low field work pressure). Out of Africa, the species is commonly found in the Arabian Peninsula and all the Middle East and reaches occasionally the south of Europe (Montenegro, Rhodes Island, mainland Greece at the Turkish border and the European Turkey, north Caucasus area). In the Americas, the species is widespread in the whole Neotropics and migrations reaches the southeast of Canada throughout the whole northern America, except the northwest of the USA and Alaska. In Asia, the species is known to reach north up to Central Asia, southern Siberia, Kamchatka and Japan, and south up to Australia.
Countries occurrence:
Angola (Angola, Angola, Cabinda); Argentina; Australia (New South Wales, Northern Territory, Queensland, South Australia, Victoria, Western Australia); Bahamas; Belize; Benin; Bhutan; Bolivia, Plurinational States of; Botswana; Brazil; Brunei Darussalam; Burkina Faso; Cambodia; Cameroon; Central African Republic; Chile; China; Colombia; Comoros; Congo; Congo, The Democratic Republic of the; Costa Rica; Côte d'Ivoire; Cuba; Dominican Republic; Ecuador; El Salvador; Equatorial Guinea (Bioko, Equatorial Guinea (mainland)); Ethiopia; French Guiana; French Polynesia; Gabon; Gambia; Ghana; Guadeloupe; Guatemala; Guinea; Guinea-Bissau; Guyana; Haiti; Honduras; Hong Kong; India; Indonesia (Jawa, Sumatera); Jamaica; Kenya; Korea, Democratic People's Republic of; Korea, Republic of; Lesotho; Liberia; Madagascar; Malawi; Malaysia; Martinique; Mauritius (Mauritius (main island), Rodrigues); Mayotte; Mexico; Mozambique; Myanmar; Namibia (Caprivi Strip, Namibia (main part)); New Caledonia; Nicaragua; Nigeria; Northern Mariana Islands; Palau; Panama; Papua New Guinea (Bismarck Archipelago, Papua New Guinea (main island group)); Paraguay; Peru; Philippines; Puerto Rico; Réunion; Rwanda; Saint Pierre and Miquelon; Sao Tomé and Principe (Principe, Sâo Tomé); Senegal; Seychelles (Aldabra, Seychelles (main island group)); Sierra Leone; Singapore; Solomon Islands; South Africa (Eastern Cape Province, Free State, Gauteng, KwaZulu-Natal, Limpopo Province, Mpumalanga, Northern Cape Province, North-West Province, Western Cape); South Sudan; Sri Lanka; Suriname; Swaziland; Taiwan, Province of China; Tanzania, United Republic of; Thailand; Togo; Trinidad and Tobago; Uganda; Uruguay; Vanuatu; Venezuela, Bolivarian Republic of; Viet Nam; Zambia; Zimbabwe
Afghanistan; Algeria; Armenia (Armenia, Armenia); Azerbaijan; Canada; Cape Verde; Chad; Cyprus; Egypt (Egypt (African part), Sinai); Georgia (Abkhaziya); Greece (East Aegean Is., Greece (mainland)); Iran, Islamic Republic of; Iraq; Israel; Japan; Jordan; Kazakhstan; Kyrgyzstan; Lebanon; Mali; Mauritania; Montenegro; Morocco; Nepal; Niger; Oman; Pakistan; Qatar; Russian Federation (Central European Russia, Chita, Dagestan - Native, Kabardino-Balkariya, Kamchatka, Kuril Is., Primoryi, Sakhalin); Saudi Arabia; Somalia; Sudan; Syrian Arab Republic; Tajikistan; Tunisia; Turkey (Turkey-in-Asia, Turkey-in-Europe); Turkmenistan; United Arab Emirates; United States (Georgia); Uzbekistan; Yemen (North Yemen, Socotra, South Yemen)
Range Map: Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.

Population [top]

Population: The species is common in very huge numbers throughout its tropical range.
Current Population Trend: Stable
Additional data:
Population severely fragmented: No

Habitat and Ecology [top]

Habitat and Ecology: The species is an obligate migrant that is linked to the monsoon front of the Intertropical Convergence Zone (ITCZ). It used commonly temporary pools and ponds watered by monsoon rainfalls but may occasionally breed in permanent water.
Systems: Terrestrial; Freshwater
Continuing decline in area, extent and/or quality of habitat: No
Movement patterns: Full Migrant
Congregatory: Congregatory (and dispersive)

Threats [top]

Major Threat(s): No present threats are known.

Conservation Actions [top]

Conservation Actions: No conservation action is needed needed for this very widespread species.

Classifications [top]

2. Savanna -> 2.1. Savanna - Dry
suitability: Suitable  major importance:No
2. Savanna -> 2.2. Savanna - Moist
suitability: Suitable  major importance:No
3. Shrubland -> 3.5. Shrubland - Subtropical/Tropical Dry
suitability: Marginal  
3. Shrubland -> 3.6. Shrubland - Subtropical/Tropical Moist
suitability: Marginal  
4. Grassland -> 4.6. Grassland - Subtropical/Tropical Seasonally Wet/Flooded
suitability: Suitable  major importance:No
5. Wetlands (inland) -> 5.1. Wetlands (inland) - Permanent Rivers/Streams/Creeks (includes waterfalls)
suitability: Marginal  
5. Wetlands (inland) -> 5.2. Wetlands (inland) - Seasonal/Intermittent/Irregular Rivers/Streams/Creeks
suitability: Suitable  major importance:Yes
5. Wetlands (inland) -> 5.3. Wetlands (inland) - Shrub Dominated Wetlands
suitability: Marginal  
5. Wetlands (inland) -> 5.4. Wetlands (inland) - Bogs, Marshes, Swamps, Fens, Peatlands
suitability: Suitable  major importance:Yes
5. Wetlands (inland) -> 5.6. Wetlands (inland) - Seasonal/Intermittent Freshwater Lakes (over 8ha)
suitability: Suitable  major importance:Yes
5. Wetlands (inland) -> 5.7. Wetlands (inland) - Permanent Freshwater Marshes/Pools (under 8ha)
suitability: Marginal  
5. Wetlands (inland) -> 5.8. Wetlands (inland) - Seasonal/Intermittent Freshwater Marshes/Pools (under 8ha)
suitability: Suitable  major importance:Yes
5. Wetlands (inland) -> 5.9. Wetlands (inland) - Freshwater Springs and Oases
suitability: Marginal  
5. Wetlands (inland) -> 5.13. Wetlands (inland) - Permanent Inland Deltas
suitability: Suitable  major importance:No

In-Place Research, Monitoring and Planning
In-Place Land/Water Protection and Management
In-Place Species Management
In-Place Education

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Citation: Boudot, J.-P., Clausnitzer, V., Samraoui, B., Suhling, F., Dijkstra, K.-D.B. & Schneider, W. 2013. Pantala flavescens. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2013: e.T59971A17534524. . Downloaded on 26 November 2015.
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