|Scientific Name:||Crocothemis erythraea (Brullé, 1832)|
Libellula erythraea Brullé, 1832
|Taxonomic Source(s):||Schorr, M. and Paulson, D. 2015. World Odonata List. Revision 22 December 2015. Tacoma, Washington, USA Available at: http://www.pugetsound.edu/academics/academic-resources/slater-museum/biodiversity-resources/dragonflies/world-odonata-list2/.|
|Red List Category & Criteria:||Least Concern ver 3.1|
|Reviewer(s):||Dijkstra, K.-D.B. & Kipping, J.|
|Contributor(s):||Suhling, F., Ferreira, S., Mitra, A., Subramanian, K.A., Boudot, J.-P., Schneider, W. & Samraoui, B.|
This species is widespread, common and increasing in range in some parts of the world. It is therefore assessed as Least Concern.
|Previously published Red List assessments:|
|Range Description:||This species is widespread in Africa, southern Europe, the Middle East and west Asia, extending as far east as Yunnan in China. It is absent from southeast Asia and its Asian distribution is essentially Himalayan: Nepal (Asahina 1965, Mahato 1988) and northern India with records from Assam (Schneider 1995) and West Bengal (Peters 1981). In the last two decades it has been strongly expanding its range in the north of Europe, being now indigenous to many areas were it previously did not occur (Ott 2007). This species is common and widespread all over Africa and is known from all countries apart from Burundi and its presence is uncertain in Lesotho.|
Native:Afghanistan; Albania; Algeria; Angola (Angola, Cabinda); Austria; Azerbaijan (Nakhichevan); Bahrain; Bangladesh; Belarus; Belgium; Benin; Bosnia and Herzegovina; Botswana; Bulgaria; Burkina Faso; Cameroon; Cape Verde; Central African Republic; Chad; China (Yunnan); Comoros; Congo; Congo, The Democratic Republic of the; Côte d'Ivoire; Croatia; Cyprus; Czech Republic; Djibouti; Egypt (Egypt (African part), Sinai); Equatorial Guinea (Annobón, Bioko, Equatorial Guinea (mainland)); Eritrea; Ethiopia; France (Clipperton I., Corsica, France (mainland)); Gabon; Gambia; Georgia; Germany; Ghana; Greece (East Aegean Is., Greece (mainland), Kriti); Guinea; Guinea-Bissau; Hungary; India (Assam, West Bengal); Iran, Islamic Republic of; Iraq; Israel; Italy (Italy (mainland), Sardegna, Sicilia); Jersey; Jordan; Kazakhstan; Kenya; Kuwait; Lebanon; Liberia; Libya; Luxembourg; Macedonia, the former Yugoslav Republic of; Madagascar; Malawi; Mali; Malta; Mauritania; Moldova; Montenegro; Morocco; Mozambique; Myanmar (Myanmar (mainland)); Namibia (Caprivi Strip, Namibia (main part)); Nepal; Netherlands; Niger; Nigeria; Oman; Pakistan; Palestinian Territory, Occupied; Poland; Portugal (Portugal (mainland)); Qatar; Romania; Russian Federation; Rwanda; Sao Tomé and Principe (Principe, Sâo Tomé); Saudi Arabia; Senegal; Serbia (Kosovo, Serbia); Seychelles (Aldabra, Seychelles (main island group)); Sierra Leone; Slovakia; Slovenia; Somalia; South Africa; South Sudan; Spain (Baleares, Canary Is., Spain (mainland), Spanish North African Territories); Sudan; Swaziland; Syrian Arab Republic; Tajikistan; Tanzania, United Republic of; Togo; Tunisia; Turkey (Turkey-in-Asia, Turkey-in-Europe); Turkmenistan; Uganda; Ukraine; United Arab Emirates; Uzbekistan; Western Sahara; Yemen (North Yemen, Socotra, South Yemen); Zambia; Zimbabwe
Vagrant:United Kingdom (Great Britain)
|Range Map:||Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.|
|Population:||This species is common in most of its range, and in Europe it is steadily expanding its range northwards.|
|Current Population Trend:||Increasing|
|Habitat and Ecology:||This species occurs at a wide range of running and standing, unshaded waters including rice paddies and brackish lagoons. In the northern part of its range it is mostly found at not too shallow, well vegetated waters. It is found in various terrestrial habitats, except dense forest, and prefers stagnant water.|
|Use and Trade:||This species is not utilised.|
|Major Threat(s):||This species is not under any specific threat.|
|Conservation Actions:||No conservation measures are needed.|
Asahina, S. 1966. The dragonflies taken by the Rikkyo University Himalayan Expedition. Akitu 12: 33-34.
Boudot, J.P., Kalkman, V.J., Azpilicueta Amorín, M., Bogdanović, T., Cordero Rivera, A., Degabriele, G., Dommanget, J.L., Ferreira, S., Garrigós, B., Jović, M., Kotarac, M., Lopau, W., Marinov, M., Mihoković, N., Riservato, E., Samraoui, B. and Schneider, W. 2009. Atlas of the Odonata of the Mediterranean and North Africa. Libellula Supplement 9: 256 pp.
IUCN. 2016. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2016-3. Available at: www.iucnredlist.org. (Accessed: 07 December 2016).
Mahato, M. 1988. Dragonfly inventory of the surveys in eastern and mid-western Nepal, with records of five species new to the fauna of Nepal (Odonata). Opuscula Zoologica Fluminensia: 1-9.
Ott, J. 2007. The expansion of Crocothemis erythraea (Brulle, 1832) in Germany - an indicator for climatic changes. In: B.K. Tyagi (ed.), Odonata: Biology of Dragonflies, Scientific Publishers, Jodhpur.
Peters, G. 1981. Trockenzeit-Libellen aus dem indischen Tiefland (Odonata). Deutsche Entomologische Zeitschrift N.F. Heft I-III: 93-108.
Schneider, W. 1985. Die Gattung Crocothemis Brauer, 1868 im Nahen Osten (Insecta: Odonata: Libellulidae). Senckenbergiana Biologica 66: 79-88.
|Citation:||Clausnitzer, V. 2016. Crocothemis erythraea. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2016: e.T59859A83846274.Downloaded on 25 September 2017.|