|Scientific Name:||Anax imperator|
|Species Authority:||Leach, 1815|
Aeschna azurea Charpentier, 1825
Aeschna lunata Kolenati, 1856
Anax formosa Vander Linden, 1823
Anax mauricianus Rambur, 1842
|Red List Category & Criteria:||Least Concern ver 3.1|
|Reviewer(s):||Kakkasery, F., Babu, R., Mondal, S., Brooks, E., Clausnitzer, V., Dow, R.A. & García, N.|
|Contributor(s):||Boudot, J.-P., Samraoui, B. & Schneider, W.|
Anax imperator is a widespread species with no major threat worldwide and it is therefore assessed as Least Concern.
|Range Description:||Anax imperator is known from the whole Africa to most of Europe, the Arabian Peninsula and southwest and Central Asia. Within India it is present in West Bengal (Kolkata district), Uttarakhand, Maharashtra and Tamil Nadu. The species is presently expanding to the north due to the global warming and has been found in the southern part of Sweden up to Uppsala. In the British Isles, its northern limit shifted by 80 km to the north so that now the species is known from Scotland.|
Native:Afghanistan; Albania; Algeria; Angola (Angola, Angola); Armenia (Armenia); Austria; Azerbaijan; Belarus; Belgium; Bosnia and Herzegovina; Botswana; Bulgaria; Burundi; Cameroon; Cape Verde; Congo; Congo, The Democratic Republic of the; Croatia; Cyprus; Czech Republic; Denmark; Egypt (Egypt (African part), Sinai); Equatorial Guinea (Bioko, Equatorial Guinea (mainland)); Eritrea; Estonia; Ethiopia; France (Corsica, France (mainland)); Gabon; Gambia; Georgia (Abkhaziya, Adzhariya, Gruziya); Germany; Ghana; Gibraltar; Greece (East Aegean Is., Greece (mainland), Kriti); Guinea; Hungary; India (Maharashtra, Tamil Nadu, Uttaranchal, West Bengal); Iran, Islamic Republic of; Iraq; Ireland; Israel; Italy (Italy (mainland), Sardegna, Sicilia); Jordan; Kazakhstan; Kenya; Kyrgyzstan; Lebanon; Lesotho; Liberia; Libya; Lithuania; Luxembourg; Macedonia, the former Yugoslav Republic of; Madagascar; Malawi; Mali; Malta; Mauritania; Mauritius (Mauritius (main island)); Mayotte; Moldova; Monaco; Montenegro; Morocco; Mozambique; Namibia (Caprivi Strip, Namibia (main part)); Netherlands; Niger; Nigeria; Oman; Pakistan; Palestinian Territory, Occupied; Poland; Portugal (Azores, Madeira, Portugal (mainland)); Réunion; Romania; Russian Federation (Central European Russia, Dagestan, East European Russia, Kabardino-Balkariya, Karachaevo-Cherkessiya, Krasnodar, Severo-Osetiya, South European Russia, Stavropol); Rwanda; Sao Tomé and Principe (Sâo Tomé); Saudi Arabia; Senegal; Serbia (Serbia, Serbia); Slovakia; Slovenia; Somalia; South Africa (Eastern Cape Province, Free State, Gauteng, KwaZulu-Natal, Limpopo Province, Mpumalanga, Northern Cape Province, North-West Province, Western Cape); Spain (Canary Is., Spain (mainland)); Sudan; Swaziland; Sweden; Switzerland; Syrian Arab Republic; Tajikistan; Tanzania, United Republic of; Togo; Tunisia; Turkey (Turkey-in-Asia, Turkey-in-Europe); Turkmenistan; Uganda; Ukraine (Krym, Ukraine (main part)); United Arab Emirates; United Kingdom (Great Britain); Uzbekistan; Yemen (North Yemen, Socotra, South Yemen); Zambia; Zimbabwe
|Range Map:||Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.|
|Population:||The species is generally common and shows often large populations.|
|Habitat and Ecology:||Anax imperator breeds in any kind of standing and slow running waters bordered with rushes and weeds. It is a familiar species on all open waters, where males patrol and hawk restless over their territory and exclude their congeners. Males most generally don't accompany the female during oviposition.|
|Use and Trade:||No use of this species is known.|
|Major Threat(s):||Anax imperator is not threatened at the global scale, although local declines may occur due to habitat destruction and water pollution.|
|Conservation Actions:||This is a widespread species, and specific conservation measures are not needed.|
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|Citation:||Mitra, A. 2013. Anax imperator. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2014.3. <www.iucnredlist.org>. Downloaded on 26 January 2015.|
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