Tylototriton shanjing


Taxonomy [top]

Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family

Scientific Name: Tylototriton shanjing
Species Authority: Nussbaum, Brodie & Yang, 1995
Taxonomic Notes: There is a nomenclatural problem with this species, and the name might change (A. Ohler pers. comm.).

Assessment Information [top]

Red List Category & Criteria: Near Threatened ver 3.1
Year Published: 2004
Date Assessed: 2004-04-30
Needs updating
Assessor(s): Annemarie Ohler, Lu Shunqing, Yang Datong
Reviewer(s): Global Amphibian Assessment Coordinating Team (Simon Stuart, Janice Chanson and Neil Cox)
Listed as Near Threatened because it is in significant decline (but at a rate of less than 30% over ten years) because it is being over-harvested and is suffering from habitat loss and degradation, making the species close to qualifying for Vulnerable.

Geographic Range [top]

Range Description: This species is known from central, western and southern Yunnan, China, from 1,000-2,500m asl. The boundary between this species and Tylototriton verrucosus is not clear, and it is possible that T. shanjing occurs in Myanmar.
Range Map: Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.

Population [top]

Population: It is very common in central, western and southern Yunnan, but is less common in the northern part of its range.
Population Trend: Decreasing

Habitat and Ecology [top]

Habitat and Ecology: It inhabits hill forests and secondary forest, where it breeds by larval development in pools, ponds and ditches, including some artificial waterbodies.
Systems: Terrestrial; Freshwater

Threats [top]

Major Threat(s): The major threat to this species is over-collecting for traditional medicine. Small numbers are also exported for the international pet trade, and its habitats are also being threatened by infrastructure development for human settlement.

Conservation Actions [top]

Conservation Actions: The range of this species overlaps with a number of protected areas in the region, and it is bred in captivity in Europe and North America.

Bibliography [top]

IUCN. 2004. 2004 IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Downloaded on 23 November 2004.

MacKinnon, J., Meng, S., Cheung, C., Carey, G., Zhu, X. and Melville, D. 1996. A Biodiversity Review of China. World Wide Fund for Nature International, Hong Kong.

Nussbaum, R.A., Brodie, E.D. and Datong, Y. 1995. A taxonomic review of Tylototriton verrucosus Anderson (Amphibia: Caudata: Salamandridae). Herpetologica: 257-268.

The Comprehensive Scientific Expedition to the Qinghai-Xizang Plateau. 1997. Amphibians and Reptiles of the Hengduan Mountains. Science Press, Beijing.

Zhao, E.-M. 1998. China Red Data Book of Endangered Animals - Amphibia. Science Press, Beijing.

Citation: Annemarie Ohler, Lu Shunqing, Yang Datong 2004. Tylototriton shanjing. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2015.2. <>. Downloaded on 31 August 2015.
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