|Scientific Name:||Aquiloeurycea praecellens (Rabb, 1955)|
Parvimolge praecellens Rabb, 1955
Pseudoeurycea praecellens (Rabb, 1955)
|Taxonomic Source(s):||Frost, D.R. 2015. Amphibian Species of the World: an Online Reference. Version 6.0. New York, USA. Available at: http://research.amnh.org/herpetology/amphibia/index.html.|
|Taxonomic Notes:||This species was previously within the genus Pseudoeurycea but has recently been moved to the genus Aquiloeurycea (Rovito et al. 2015)|
|Red List Category & Criteria:||Critically Endangered (Possibly Extinct) B1ab(iii) ver 3.1|
|Assessor(s):||IUCN SSC Amphibian Specialist Group|
|Contributor(s):||Wake, D., Pineda, E., Parra-Olea, G., Aguilar-López, J. & Canseco-Márquez, L.|
|Facilitator/Compiler(s):||Sharp, D., Hobin, L. & Arias Caballero, P.|
Listed as Critically Endangered because its extent of occurrence (EOO) is 23 km2, it occurs in one threat-defined location, and there is a continuing decline in the extent and quality of its habitat near the city of Córdoba, Veracruz. As the habitat is now so degraded and surveys have failed to record this species, it is thought to be Possibly Extinct.
|Date last seen:||24 December 1940|
|Previously published Red List assessments:|
|Range Description:||This species is known from Hacienda El Potrero, near the city of Córdoba, west-central Veracruz, Mexico. Its extent of occurrence (EOO) is 23 km2.|
Possibly extinct:Mexico (Veracruz)
|Range Map:||Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.|
|Population:||This species is known only from the holotype. Several searches between 2010-2012, with an effort of 96 person hours having been performed by Eduardo Pineda and his group at INECOL but they have not found a single specimen. Due to ongoing decline in the extent and quality of habitat, the population is suspected to be decreasing if it is not already extinct.|
|Current Population Trend:||Decreasing|
|Habitat and Ecology:||The holotype was collected in tropical humid forest, and it is not known whether or not it can adapt to secondary habitats. It is terrestrial and presumably reproduces by direct development.|
|Continuing decline in area, extent and/or quality of habitat:||Yes|
|Movement patterns:||Not a Migrant|
|Use and Trade:||There are no records of this species being utilized.|
|Major Threat(s):||It is doubtful that any suitable habitat for this species survives. In the time since this species was discovered, Córdoba has undergone massive urban development and there has also been extensive agricultural expansion leading to forest loss and degradation.|
This species has not been recorded in any protected areas. It is listed as "Threatened" (Amenazada) by the Mexican government.
Protection of the remaining habitat in the surroundings of Córdoba are needed.
Urgent fieldwork is needed in the vicinity of Córdoba to locate any habitats where this species might survive.
IUCN. 2016. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2016-3. Available at: www.iucnredlist.org. (Accessed: 07 December 2016).
Parra-Olea, G., García-París, M. and Wake, D.B. 1999. Status of some populations of Mexican salamanders. Revista de Biologia Tropical 47: 217-223.
Rabb, G.B. 1955. A new salamander of the genus Parvimolge from Mexico. Breviora 42: 1-9.
Rovito, S.M., Parra-Olea, G., Recuero, E. and Wake, D.B. 2015. Diversification and biogeographical history of Neotropical plethodontid salamanders. . Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society 175: 167-188.
Wake, D.B. and Elias, P. 1983. New genera and a new species of Central American salamanders, with a review of the tropical genera (Amphibia, Caudata, Plethodontidae). Natural History Museum of Los Angeles County - Contributions in Science 345: 1-19.
Wake, D.B. and Lynch, J.F. 1976. The distribution, ecology, and evolutionary history of plethodontid salamanders in tropical America. Science Bulletin of the Natural History Museum of Los Angeles County 25: 1-65.
|Citation:||IUCN SSC Amphibian Specialist Group. 2016. Aquiloeurycea praecellens. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2016: e.T59391A53983683.Downloaded on 18 June 2018.|
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