Global Amphibian Assessment Coordinating Team (Simon Stuart, Janice Chanson, Neil Cox and Bruce Young)
Listed as Endangered because its relatively small range (<5,000 km2) has largely been deforested in the past and the remaining artificial habitat (red bananas) is being replaced and fragmented by yellow bananas.
This species is known only from a very restricted area to the north and south of Putla town in extreme western Oaxaca, Mexico, at 800-1,400m asl. Extensive surveys for the species have not been conducted and it might occur more widely.
It lives in secondary tropical semi-deciduous forest, as well as in shaded banana and coffee plantations. It is arboreal, and most specimens have been collected in the leaf axils of red banana trees and other large-leaved plants. It reproduces by direct development.
This species appears to be relatively resistant to habitat modification (taking place across the range due to logging and agriculture) and occurs in shaded plantations, though even these habitats are threatened as a result of shifting agricultural practices - specifically the change from red bananas to yellow bananas as a crop of choice.
It is not known from any protected area, making the protection of forest habitat for this species a priority. Efforts should be made to encourage red banana cultivation. It is protected by Mexican law under the "Special Protection" category (Pr).
Papenfuss, T.J., Wake, D.B. and Adler, K. 1983. Salamanders of the genus Bolitoglossa from the Sierra Madre del Sur of southern Mexico. Journal of Herpetology: 295-307.
Parra-Olea, G., García-París, M. and Wake, D.B. 2002. Phylogenetic relationships among the salamanders of the Bolitoglossa macrinii species group (Amphibia: Plethodontidae), with descriptions of two new species from Oaxaca (Mexico). Journal of Herpetology: 356-366.
Gabriela Parra-Olea, David Wake, Ted Papenfuss. 2008. Bolitoglossa riletti. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2008: e.T59199A11886661. . Downloaded on 14 August 2018.
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