|Scientific Name:||Batrachoseps pacificus|
|Species Authority:||(Cope, 1865)|
|Red List Category & Criteria:||Least Concern ver 3.1|
|Reviewer/s:||Global Amphibian Assessment Coordinating Team (Simon Stuart, Janice Chanson, Neil Cox and Bruce Young)|
Listed as Least Concern since, although its Extent of Occurrence is much less than 5,000 km2, it is common and occurs in an area of extensive, suitable habitat which appears not to be under threat, it has a presumed large population, and it is unlikely to be declining fast enough to qualify for listing in a more threatened category.
|Range Description:||This species is restricted to Anacapa, Santa Cruz, Santa Rosa, and San Miguel islands, off the coast of Santa Barbara, California, USA (Jockusch et al. 1998, 2001; Wake and Jockusch 2000).|
|Range Map:||Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.|
|Population:||Total adult population size is unknown, but the species is extremely abundant throughout the limited range.|
|Habitat and Ecology:||It can be found in oak woodland, chaparral, and grassland, under stones and wood. It is a terrestrial breeder.|
|Major Threat(s):||Unthreatened if present land ownership is maintained.|
|Conservation Actions:||All islands are protected within either the Channel Islands National Park or by The Nature Conservancy.|
Behler, J.L. and King, F.W. 1979. The Audubon Society Field Guide to North American Reptiles and Amphibians. New York.
Blackburn, L., Nanjappa, P. and Lannoo, M.J. 2001. An Atlas of the Distribution of U.S. Amphibians. Ball State University, Muncie, IN, USA.
Bruce, R.C., Jaeger, R.G. and Houck, L.D. (eds). 2000. The Biology of Plethodontid Salamanders. Kluwer Academic/Plenum Publishers.
Collins, J.T. 1990. Standard common and current scientific names for North American amphibians and reptiles, 3rd edition. Society for the Study of Amphibians and Reptiles: Herpetological Circular: 1-41.
IUCN. 2004. 2004 IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. www.iucnredlist.org. Downloaded on 23 November 2004.
Jockusch, E.L., Wake, D.B. and Yanev, K.P. 1998. New species of slender salamanders, Batrachoseps (Amphibia: Plethodontidae), from the Sierra Nevada of California. Natural History Museum of Los Angeles County - Contributions in Science: 1-17.
Jockusch, E.L., Yanev, K.P. and Wake, D.B. 2001. Molecular phylogenetic analysis of slender salamanders, genus Batrachoseps (Amphibia: Plethodontidae), from central coastal California with descriptions of four new species. Herpetological Monographs: 54-99.
Stebbins, R.C. 1972. California Amphibians and Reptiles. University of California Press, Berkeley, California.
Stebbins, R.C. 1985. A Field Guide to Western Reptiles and Amphibians. Second Edition. Houghton Mifflin Company, Boston, Massachusetts.
Wake, D.B. and Jockusch, E.L. 2000. Detecting species borders using diverse data sets: examples from plethodontid salamanders in California. In: Bruce, R.C., Jaeger, R.G. and Houck, L.D. (eds), The Biology of Plethodontid Salamanders, pp. 95-119. Kluwer Academic/Plenum Publishers, New York.
Yanev, K.P. 1980. Biogeography and distribution of three parapatric salamander species in coastal and borderland California. In: Power, D.M. (ed.), The California Islands: Proceedings of a Multidisciplinary Symposium, pp. 531-550. Santa Barbara Museum of Natural History, Santa Barbara, CA, USA.
|Citation:||Geoffrey Hammerson 2004. Batrachoseps pacificus. In: IUCN 2013. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2013.2. <www.iucnredlist.org>. Downloaded on 11 December 2013.|
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