|Scientific Name:||Rhinophrynus dorsalis|
|Species Authority:||Duméril & Bibron, 1841|
|Red List Category & Criteria:||Least Concern ver 3.1|
|Assessor/s:||Georgina Santos-Barrera, Geoffrey Hammerson, Federico Bolaños, Gerardo Chaves, Larry David Wilson, Jay Savage, Gunther Köhler|
|Reviewer/s:||Global Amphibian Assessment Coordinating Team (Simon Stuart, Janice Chanson, Neil Cox and Bruce Young)|
Listed as Least Concern in view of its wide distribution, tolerance of a broad range of habitats, presumed large population, and because it is unlikely to be declining to qualify for listing in a more threatened category.
|Range Description:||This species is found in coastal lowlands from southern Texas, USA to northwestern Honduras in Atlantic drainage, Río Balsas (Mexico) to Costa Rica in Pacific drainage. It is found at elevations of sea level to above 500m asl.|
Native:Belize; Costa Rica; El Salvador; Guatemala; Honduras; Mexico; Nicaragua; United States
|Range Map:||Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.|
|Population:||It is rare and local in Texas, common widespread in Mexico and northern Central America (Bartlett and Bartlett, 1999, Lee, 2000).|
|Habitat and Ecology:||It is a lowlands inhabitant of tropical dry and moist forest. Generally associated with seasonal flooded areas where it remains under the ground in the dry season. It can be found in forest, thorn scrub, savannah, and cultivated areas with friable soils. It is fossorial except after heavy rains. Eggs and larvae develop in temporary pools formed by heavy rains.|
|Major Threat(s):||There are no major threats.|
|Conservation Actions:||It occurs in many protected areas. This species is protected by Mexican law under the "Special Protection" category (Pr).|
Bartlett, R.D. and Bartlett, P.P. 1999. A Field Guide to Florida Reptiles and Amphibians. Gulf Publishing Company, Houston, TX, USA.
Behler, J.L. and King, F.W. 1979. The Audubon Society Field Guide to North American Reptiles and Amphibians. New York.
Blackburn, L., Nanjappa, P. and Lannoo, M.J. 2001. An Atlas of the Distribution of U.S. Amphibians. Ball State University, Muncie, IN, USA.
Campbell, J.A. 1998. Amphibians and Reptiles of Northern Guatemala, the Yucatán and Belize. University of Oklahoma Press, Norman, Oklahoma.
Conant, R. and Collins, J.T. 1991. A Field Guide to Reptiles and Amphibians: Eastern and Central North America. Third Edition. Houghton Mifflin Company, Boston, Massachusetts.
Duellman, W.E. 1999. Patterns of Distribution of Amphibians: a Global Perspective. The Johns Hopkins University Press, Baltimore.
Fouquette, Jr, M.J. 1969. Rhinophrynidae, Rhinophrynus, R. dorsalis. Catalogue of American Amphibians and Reptiles: 1-2.
Greenbaum, E. and Komar, O. 2005. Threat assessment and conservation prioritization of the herpetofauna of El Salvador. Biodiversity and Conservation 14(10): 2377-2395.
IUCN. 2010. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species (ver. 2010.2). Available at: http://www.iucnredlist.org. (Accessed: 29 June 2010).
Köhler, G. 2001. Anfibios y Reptiles de Nicaragua. Herpeton, Offenbach, Germany.
Lee, J.C. 1996. The Amphibians and Reptiles of the Yucatán Peninsula. Cornell University Press, Ithaca, New York, USA.
Lee, J.C. 2000. A Field Guide to the Amphibians and Reptiles of the Maya World. Cornell University Press, Ithaca, New York, USA.
McCranie, J.R. and Wilson, L.D. 2002. The Amphibians of Honduras. Society for the Study of Amphibians and Reptiles, Ithaca, New York, USA.
Savage, J.M. 2002. The Amphibians and Reptiles of Costa Rica: A Herpetofauna between two Continents, between two Seas. University of Chicago Press, Chicago.
Sunyer J. and Köhler, G. 2007. New country and departmental records of herpetofauna in Nicaragua. Salamandra 43(1): 57-62.
|Citation:||Georgina Santos-Barrera, Geoffrey Hammerson, Federico Bolaños, Gerardo Chaves, Larry David Wilson, Jay Savage, Gunther Köhler 2010. Rhinophrynus dorsalis. In: IUCN 2013. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2013.2. <www.iucnredlist.org>. Downloaded on 06 December 2013.|
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