|Scientific Name:||Lithobates septentrionalis|
|Species Authority:||(Baird, 1854)|
Rana septentrionalis Baird, 1854
|Red List Category & Criteria:||Least Concern ver 3.1|
|Reviewer(s):||Global Amphibian Assessment Coordinating Team (Simon Stuart, Janice Chanson, Neil Cox and Bruce Young)|
Listed as Least Concern in view of the large extent of occurrence, large area of occupancy, high abundance, and many secure occurrences throughout the range.
|Range Description:||This species occurs in North America from Labrador to southern Manitoba, south to northern New England and northern Wisconsin (Conant and Collins 1991).|
Native:Canada; United States
|Range Map:||Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.|
|Population:||Total adult population size is unknown but probably more than 100,000. It is abundant in suitable habitat in northern Wisconsin (Vogt 1981).|
|Habitat and Ecology:||Bogs, cold lakes and ponds, inlets and outlets of ponds and lakes; occupies sphagnum mats and emergent vegetation (e.g., lily pads) in open water. It hibernates underwater. Eggs and larvae develop in permanent lakes and ponds.|
|Major Threat(s):||None. There is minimal human impact in much of its range.|
|Conservation Actions:||None needed. It occurs in many protected areas.|
Behler, J.L. and King, F.W. 1979. The Audubon Society Field Guide to North American Reptiles and Amphibians. New York.
Blackburn, L., Nanjappa, P. and Lannoo, M.J. 2001. An Atlas of the Distribution of U.S. Amphibians. Ball State University, Muncie, IN, USA.
Conant, R. and Collins, J.T. 1991. A Field Guide to Reptiles and Amphibians: Eastern and Central North America. Third Edition. Houghton Mifflin Company, Boston, Massachusetts.
Conant, R. and Collins, J.T. 1998. A Field Guide to Reptiles and Amphibians: Eastern and Central North America. Third edition, Expanded. Houghton Mifflin Company, Boston, MA, USA.
DeGraaf, R.M. and Rudis, D.D. 1983. Amphibians and Reptiles of New England: Habitats and Natural History. University of Massachusetts Press, Amherst, MA, USA.
Frost, D.R. 1985. Amphibian Species of the World: A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference. Allen Press and the Association of Systematic Collections, Lawrence, Kansas.
Hedeen, S.E. 1977. Rana septentionalis. Catalogue of American Amphibians and Reptiles: 1-2.
IUCN. 2004. 2004 IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. www.iucnredlist.org. Downloaded on 23 November 2004.
Kramek, W.C. 1972. Food of the frog, Rana septentrionalis in New York. Copeia: 390-392.
Vogt, R.C. 1981. Natural History of Amphibians and Reptiles of Wisconsin. Milwaukee Public Museum, Milwaukee, WI, USA.
|Citation:||Geoffrey Hammerson 2004. Lithobates septentrionalis. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2014.2. <www.iucnredlist.org>. Downloaded on 31 October 2014.|
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