|Scientific Name:||Indirana diplosticta|
|Species Authority:||(Günther, 1875)|
|Red List Category & Criteria:||Endangered B1ab(iii) ver 3.1|
|Assessor/s:||S.D. Biju, Sushil Dutta, Robert Inger, M.S. Ravichandran|
|Reviewer/s:||Global Amphibian Assessment Coordinating Team (Simon Stuart, Janice Chanson and Neil Cox)|
Listed as Endangered because its Extent of Occurrence is less than 5,000 km2, its distribution is severely fragmented, and there is continuing decline in the extent and quality of its habitat.
|Range Description:||This species is endemic to the southern Western Ghats of India. It is known from Srivilliputhur, Indira Ghandi National Park, Kalakad-Mundanthurai Tiger Reserve (in Tamil Nadu), and Idukki Wildlife Sanctuary, Ponmudi Hills and Athirimala (all in Kerala). It has an altitudinal range of 600-1,000m asl.|
|Range Map:||Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.|
|Population:||It is locally uncommon, and believed to be declining.|
|Habitat and Ecology:||It is a terrestrial species associated with hill streams in primary wet evergreen and semi-evergreen tropical forests and swamps, and is not present in secondary forest or modified habitats. Breeding takes place on wet rocks, and the larvae are found on wet rock surfaces next to streams.|
|Major Threat(s):||The main threat is the loss of forested areas through conversion to agricultural land (including coffee and tea plantations), and the harvesting of wood and timber by local people for subsistence purposes. Road construction, especially in Ponmudi and surroundings, is an additional threat to the habitat of this species.|
|Conservation Actions:||It has been recorded from Kalakad-Mundanthurai Tiger Reserve and Indira Ghandi National Park (in Tamil Nadu), and Idukki Wildlife Sanctuary (in Kerala). It has been included in field studies by Ravichandran (1995-1997) and Biju (1997-present). It is protected by national legislation.|
Biju, S.D. 2001. A synopsis to the frog fauna of the Western Ghats, India. Occasional Publication 1. ISCB: 1-24.
Dutta, S.K. 1997. Amphibians of India and Sri Lanka. Odyssey Publishing House, Bhubaneswar.
Günther, A. 1876. Third report on collection of Indian reptiles obtained by British Museum. Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London: 567-577.
Inger, R.F., Shaffer, H.B., Koshy, M. and Bakde, R. 1984. A report on a collection of amphibians and reptiles from the Ponmudi, Kerala, South India. Journal of the Bombay Natural History Society 81(2): 406-427.
IUCN. 2004. 2004 IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. www.iucnredlist.org. Downloaded on 23 November 2004.
Ravichandran, M.S. 1996. Amphibia of the Kalakad Wildlife Sanctuary, Tamil Nadu, India. Cobra: 15-31.
Vasudevan, K., Kumar, A. and Chellam, R. 2001. Structure and composition of rainforest floor amphibian communities in the Kalakad-Mundanthurai Tiger Reserve. Current Science: 406-412.
|Citation:||S.D. Biju, Sushil Dutta, Robert Inger, M.S. Ravichandran 2004. Indirana diplosticta. In: IUCN 2013. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2013.2. <www.iucnredlist.org>. Downloaded on 10 December 2013.|
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