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Pipa pipa

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Taxonomy [top]

Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family
ANIMALIA CHORDATA AMPHIBIA ANURA PIPIDAE

Scientific Name: Pipa pipa
Species Authority: (Linnaeus, 1758)
Common Name/s:
English Suriname Toad
Spanish Aparo, Rana Comun De Celdillas, Rana Tablacha, Sapo Chinelo, Sapo Chola, Sapo De Celdas
Synonym/s:
Pipa americana Laurenti, 1768
Pipa americana Laurenti, 1768

Assessment Information [top]

Red List Category & Criteria: Least Concern ver 3.1
Year Published: 2010
Date Assessed: 2009-01-05
Assessor/s: Enrique La Marca, Claudia Azevedo-Ramos, Débora Silvano, Luis A. Coloma, Santiago Ron, Jerry Hardy, Manfred Beier
Reviewer/s: Global Amphibian Assessment Coordinating Team (Simon Stuart, Janice Chanson, Neil Cox and Bruce Young)
Justification:
Listed as Least Concern in view of its wide distribution, presumed large population, and because it is unlikely to be declining to qualify for listing in a more threatened category.
History:
2004 Least Concern

Geographic Range [top]

Range Description: This species is widespread in the Amazon basin of South America in Colombia, Venezuela, Guyana, Suriname, French Guiana, Ecuador, Peru, Bolivia, and Brazil. It is also present at scattered localities in southern and eastern Trinidad Island (in Trinidad and Tobago). It is a lowland species found below 400m asl.
Countries:
Native:
Bolivia, Plurinational States of; Brazil; Colombia; Ecuador; French Guiana; Guyana; Peru; Suriname; Trinidad and Tobago; Venezuela, Bolivarian Republic of
Range Map: Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.

Population [top]

Population: It is common throughout its range.
Population Trend: Stable

Habitat and Ecology [top]

Habitat and Ecology: Aquatic species that lives in slow flowing watercourses, backwater of streams, and ponds and pools in tropical rainforest, hiding under submerged leaf-litter. They also occur in flooded forest. They seldom venture onto land, where they move clumsily. Direct development takes place on the dorsum of the adult.
Systems: Terrestrial; Freshwater

Threats [top]

Major Threat(s): It is not seriously threatened, but local populations are probably impacted by habitat loss and degradation due to logging, agricultural expansion, and human settlement.

Conservation Actions [top]

Conservation Actions: It occurs in many protected areas.

Bibliography [top]

Ávila-Pires, T.C.S. and Hoogmoed, M.S. 1997. The Herpetofauna. In: Lisboa, P. (ed.), Caxiuanã, pp. 389-401. Museu Paraense Emílio Goeldi, Belém.

Barrio Amorós, C.L. 2004. Amphibians of Venezuela Systematic List, Distribution and References, An Update. Review of Ecology in Latin America: 1-48.

Cisneros-Heredia, D.F. 2003. La herpetofauna de la Estación de Biodiversidad Tiputini, Provincia de Orellana, Amazonia Ecuador. Mem. 1er Congreso Ecuatatoriano de Ecologia and Ambeinte, Univ. San Francisco de Quito, Quito, Ecuador.

Crump, M.L. 1971. Quantitative analysis of the ecological distribution of a tropical herpetofauna. Occasional Papers of the Museum of Natural History of the University of Kansas: 1-62.

Duellman, W.E. 1978. The biology of an equatorial herpetofauna in Amazonian Ecuador. Misc. Pub. Univ. Kansas Mus. Nat. Hist.: 1-352.

Dunn, E.R. 1948. American frogs of the family Pipidae. American Museum Novitates: 1-13.

Ernst, R., Rödel, M-O. and Arjoon, D. 2005. On the cutting edge – The anuran fauna of the Mabura Hill Forest Reserve, Central Guyana. Salamandra 41(4): 179-194.

Estupinan-T, R.A., Bernardi, J.A.R. and Galatti, U. 2001. La fauna anura en la floresta Nacional de Caxiuanã. In: Lisboa, P. (ed.), Caxiuanã, Museu Paraense Emílio Goeldi, Belém.

Frost, D.R. 1985. Amphibian Species of the World: A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference. Allen Press and the Association of Systematic Collections, Lawrence, Kansas.

Galatti, U. 1999. Avaliação ecológica rápida da Reserva Biológica Estadual Rio Ouro Preto, Guajará-Mirim, Rondônia. Inventário da herpetofauna da Res. Biol. rio Ouro Preto. Final Reporl. Programa das Nações Unidas para o Desenvolvimento / Plano Agropecuário e Florestal de Rondôdia (PNUD/PLANAFLORO), pp. 11 pp. Rondonia.

Gascon, C. and Pereira, O.S. 1993. Preliminary checklist of the herpetofauna of the upper rio Urucu, Amazonas. Brazil. Rev. Brasil. Zool.: 179-183.

Gines, H. 1958. Representantes de la Familia Pipidae (Amphibia, Salientia) en Venezuela. Memoria de la Sociedad de Ciencias Naturales La Salle: 5-17.

Gorzula, S. and Señaris, J.C. 1998. Contribution to the herpetofauna of the Venezuelan Guayana I. A database. Scientiae Guaianae: 1-270.

Heyer, W.R. 1977. Taxonomic notes on frogs from the Madeira and Purús Rivers, Brasil. Papéis Avulsos de Zoologia: 141-162.

Hoogmoed, M.S. and Ávila-Pires, T.C.S. 1999. Inventário preliminar da herpetofauna na região de São Félix do Xingú, Pará. Report not published.

IUCN. 2010. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species (ver. 2010.2). Available at: http://www.iucnredlist.org. (Accessed: 29 June 2010).

La Marca, E. 1992. Catálogo taxonómico, biogeográfico y bibliográfico de las ranas de Venezuela. Cuadernos Geográficos, Universidad de Los Andes: 1-197.

Lescure, J. and Marty, C. 2000. Atlas des Amphibiens de Guyane. Patrimoines Naturels, Paris.

Lynch, J.D. 2006. The amphibian fauna in the Villavicencio region of Eastern Colombia. Caldasia 28(1): 135-155.

Murphy, J.C. 1997. Amphibians and Reptiles of Trinidad and Tobago. Krieger Publishing Company, Malabar, Florida.

Parker, H.W. 1933. A list of the frogs and toads of Trinidad. Tropical Agriculture: 8-12.

Rivero, J.A. 1961. Salientia of Venezuela. Bulletin of the Museum of Comparative Zoology: 1-207.

Rodríguez, L.O. and Duellman, W.E. 1994. Guide to the frogs of the Iquitos region, Amazonian Peru. Asocacion de Ecologia y Conservacion, Amazon Center for Environmental Education and Research and Natural History Museum, The University of Kansas, Lawrence, Kansas.

Rohl, E. 1942. Fauna Descriptiva de Venezuela. Tip. Americana, Caracas.

Ron, S.R. 2001. Anfibios de Parque Nacional Yasuní, Amazonía ecuatoriana.[online]. Museo de Zoología, Pontificia Universidad Católica del Ecuador [Consulta: Abril, 2001), Quito, Ecuador.

Ruiz-Carranza, P.M., Ardila-Robayo, M.C. and Lynch, J.D. 1996. Lista actualizada de la fauna de Amphibia de Colombia. Revista de la Academia Colombiana de Ciencias Exactas, Físicas y Naturales 20(77): 365-415.

Souza, M.B. 2003. Diversidade de Anfíbios nas Unidades de Conservação Ambiental: Reservas Extrativista do Alto Juruá (REAJ) e Parque Nacional da Serra do Divisor (PNSD), Acre, Brasil. PhD Thesis, Universidade Estadual Paulista, Instituto de Biociências de Rio Claro.

Trueb, L. and Cannatella, D. 1986. Systematics, morphology, and phylogeny of genus Pipa (Anura: Pipidae). Herpetologica: 412-449.

Vanzolini, P.E. 1986. Levantamento Herpetológico da Área do estado de Rondônia sob influência da rodovia BR 364. Programa Polonoroeste, Subprograma Ecologia Animal. Relatório de Pesquisa nº1, Ministério de Ciência e Tecnologia/ CNPq, Brasilia.

Zimmerman, B.L. and Rodrigues, M.T. 1990. Frogs, snakes, and lizards of INPA-WWF Reserves near Manaus, Brasil. In: Gentry, A.H. (ed.), Four Neotropical rainforests, pp. 426-454. Yale University Press, New Haven.

Citation: Enrique La Marca, Claudia Azevedo-Ramos, Débora Silvano, Luis A. Coloma, Santiago Ron, Jerry Hardy, Manfred Beier 2010. Pipa pipa. In: IUCN 2013. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2013.2. <www.iucnredlist.org>. Downloaded on 19 April 2014.
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