|Scientific Name:||Cophixalus monticola Richards, Dennis, Trenberry and Werren, 1994|
|Red List Category & Criteria:||Endangered B1ab(v)+2ab(v) ver 3.1|
|Assessor(s):||Jean-Marc Hero, Conrad Hoskin, Keith McDonald|
|Reviewer(s):||Global Amphibian Assessment Coordinating Team (Simon Stuart, Janice Chanson and Neil Cox)|
Listed as Endangered because its Extent of Occurrence is less than 5,000 km2 and its Area Of Occupancy is less than 500km2, all individuals are in fewer than five locations, and there is a predicted decline in the number of mature individuals due to global warming.
|Range Description:||This Australian endemic is known only from a small area above 1,100m asl on the Carbine Tableland, north-west of Cairns in northern Queensland, Australia. Suitable habitat exists in the Daintree National Park/ Mossman Gorge section, but the presence of the animal has yet to be confirmed there.|
|Range Map:||Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.|
|Population:||It is not considered a common species and has a patchy distribution, although in some parts of its range it can occur at moderate to high densities. Its patchy distribution may be linked to its preference for understorey dominated by Linospadix palms, and the availability of this microhabitat.|
|Current Population Trend:||Unknown|
|Habitat and Ecology:||It is seen on leaf axils and crevices in branches, bark, roots or rocks in rainforest. Males call from, and eggs have been found in, Linospadix palms. The young develop directly into fully formed froglets.|
|Major Threat(s):||Potential threats include climate change (see Williams and Hilbert 2006) and habitat degradation, mainly from human impacts on the parks (for example, erosion following human traffic, increased visitation, habitat degradation, and infrastructure development, such as roads and telecommunications towers, walking tracks and other tourist facilities).|
|Conservation Actions:||All populations occur within the Wet Tropics World Heritage Area and the current tenure is a forest reserve under the Queensland Nature Conservation Act 1992. The area is currently managed by the Queensland National Parks and Wildlife Service, and is proposed for national park status. The area is included in the Wet Tropics Management Plan and the Wet Tropics Conservation Plan. Currently the access road onto the Carbine Tableland has been closed in most of the habitat suitable for this species, and the road is not maintained in the remainder.|
Hoskin C.J. 2004. Australian microhylid frogs (Cophixalus and Austrochaperina): Phylogeny, new species, species redescription, new calls, distributional data and breeding notes. Australian Journal of Zoology: 237-269.
IUCN. 2004. 2004 IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Available at: www.iucnredlist.org. (Accessed: 23 November 2004).
Richards, S.J., Dennis, A.J., Trennery, M.P. and Werren, G.L. 1994. A new species of Cophixalus (Anura: Microhylidae) from northern Queensland. Memoirs of the Queensland Museum: 307-310.
Shoo, L.P. and Williams, Y. 2004. Altitudinal distribution and abundance of microhylid frogs (Cophixalus and Austrochaperina) of north-eastern Australia: baseline data for detecting biological responses to future climate change. Australian Journal of Zoology: 667-676.
Williams, S.E. and Hilbert, D.W. 2006. Climate change threats to the biodiversity of tropical rainforests in Australia. In: Laurance, W.F. and Peres, C. (eds), Emerging Threats to Tropical Forests, University of Chicago Press, Chicago.
|Citation:||Jean-Marc Hero, Conrad Hoskin, Keith McDonald. 2004. Cophixalus monticola. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2004: e.T57780A11673163.Downloaded on 22 September 2018.|
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