Cophixalus monticola 

Scope: Global
Language: English

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Taxonomy [top]

Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family
Animalia Chordata Amphibia Anura Microhylidae

Scientific Name: Cophixalus monticola Richards, Dennis, Trenberry and Werren, 1994
Common Name(s):
English Mountain-top Nursery-frog

Assessment Information [top]

Red List Category & Criteria: Endangered B1ab(v)+2ab(v) ver 3.1
Year Published: 2004
Date Assessed: 2004-04-30
Needs updating
Assessor(s): Jean-Marc Hero, Conrad Hoskin, Keith McDonald
Reviewer(s): Global Amphibian Assessment Coordinating Team (Simon Stuart, Janice Chanson and Neil Cox)
Listed as Endangered because its Extent of Occurrence is less than 5,000 km2 and its Area Of Occupancy is less than 500km2, all individuals are in fewer than five locations, and there is a predicted decline in the number of mature individuals due to global warming.

Geographic Range [top]

Range Description:This Australian endemic is known only from a small area above 1,100m asl on the Carbine Tableland, north-west of Cairns in northern Queensland, Australia. Suitable habitat exists in the Daintree National Park/ Mossman Gorge section, but the presence of the animal has yet to be confirmed there.
Countries occurrence:
Additional data:
Range Map:Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.

Population [top]

Population:It is not considered a common species and has a patchy distribution, although in some parts of its range it can occur at moderate to high densities. Its patchy distribution may be linked to its preference for understorey dominated by Linospadix palms, and the availability of this microhabitat.
Current Population Trend:Unknown
Additional data:
Population severely fragmented:No

Habitat and Ecology [top]

Habitat and Ecology:It is seen on leaf axils and crevices in branches, bark, roots or rocks in rainforest. Males call from, and eggs have been found in, Linospadix palms. The young develop directly into fully formed froglets.

Threats [top]

Major Threat(s): Potential threats include climate change (see Williams and Hilbert 2006) and habitat degradation, mainly from human impacts on the parks (for example, erosion following human traffic, increased visitation, habitat degradation, and infrastructure development, such as roads and telecommunications towers, walking tracks and other tourist facilities).

Conservation Actions [top]

Conservation Actions: All populations occur within the Wet Tropics World Heritage Area and the current tenure is a forest reserve under the Queensland Nature Conservation Act 1992. The area is currently managed by the Queensland National Parks and Wildlife Service, and is proposed for national park status. The area is included in the Wet Tropics Management Plan and the Wet Tropics Conservation Plan. Currently the access road onto the Carbine Tableland has been closed in most of the habitat suitable for this species, and the road is not maintained in the remainder.

Classifications [top]

1. Forest -> 1.9. Forest - Subtropical/Tropical Moist Montane
1. Land/water protection -> 1.1. Site/area protection
2. Land/water management -> 2.1. Site/area management
3. Species management -> 3.2. Species recovery
5. Law & policy -> 5.1. Legislation -> 5.1.2. National level
5. Law & policy -> 5.1. Legislation -> 5.1.3. Sub-national level

In-Place Research, Monitoring and Planning
  Systematic monitoring scheme:Yes
In-Place Land/Water Protection and Management
  Conservation sites identified:Yes, over entire range
  Occur in at least one PA:Yes
In-Place Species Management
In-Place Education
1. Residential & commercial development -> 1.3. Tourism & recreation areas
♦ timing:Future    
→ Stresses
  • 1. Ecosystem stresses -> 1.1. Ecosystem conversion
  • 1. Ecosystem stresses -> 1.2. Ecosystem degradation

11. Climate change & severe weather -> 11.1. Habitat shifting & alteration
♦ timing:Future    
→ Stresses
  • 1. Ecosystem stresses -> 1.2. Ecosystem degradation

4. Transportation & service corridors -> 4.2. Utility & service lines
♦ timing:Future    
→ Stresses
  • 1. Ecosystem stresses -> 1.2. Ecosystem degradation

5. Biological resource use -> 5.3. Logging & wood harvesting -> 5.3.5. Motivation Unknown/Unrecorded
♦ timing:Past, Unlikely to Return    
→ Stresses
  • 1. Ecosystem stresses -> 1.2. Ecosystem degradation

6. Human intrusions & disturbance -> 6.1. Recreational activities
♦ timing:Future    
→ Stresses
  • 2. Species Stresses -> 2.2. Species disturbance

1. Research -> 1.2. Population size, distribution & trends
1. Research -> 1.3. Life history & ecology
1. Research -> 1.5. Threats
1. Research -> 1.6. Actions
2. Conservation Planning -> 2.1. Species Action/Recovery Plan
3. Monitoring -> 3.1. Population trends

Bibliography [top]

Hoskin C.J. 2004. Australian microhylid frogs (Cophixalus and Austrochaperina): Phylogeny, new species, species redescription, new calls, distributional data and breeding notes. Australian Journal of Zoology: 237-269.

IUCN. 2004. 2004 IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Available at: (Accessed: 23 November 2004).

Richards, S.J., Dennis, A.J., Trennery, M.P. and Werren, G.L. 1994. A new species of Cophixalus (Anura: Microhylidae) from northern Queensland. Memoirs of the Queensland Museum: 307-310.

Shoo, L.P. and Williams, Y. 2004. Altitudinal distribution and abundance of microhylid frogs (Cophixalus and Austrochaperina) of north-eastern Australia: baseline data for detecting biological responses to future climate change. Australian Journal of Zoology: 667-676.

Williams, S.E. and Hilbert, D.W. 2006. Climate change threats to the biodiversity of tropical rainforests in Australia. In: Laurance, W.F. and Peres, C. (eds), Emerging Threats to Tropical Forests, University of Chicago Press, Chicago.

Citation: Jean-Marc Hero, Conrad Hoskin, Keith McDonald. 2004. Cophixalus monticola. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2004: e.T57780A11673163. . Downloaded on 22 September 2018.
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