|Scientific Name:||Leptobrachella baluensis|
|Species Authority:||Smith, 1931|
|Red List Category & Criteria:||Vulnerable B1ab(iii)+2ab(iii) ver 3.1|
|Assessor(s):||Robert Inger, Indraneil Das, Robert Stuebing, Maklarin Lakim, Paul Yambun|
|Reviewer(s):||Global Amphibian Assessment Coordinating Team (Simon Stuart, Janice Chanson and Neil Cox)|
Listed as Vulnerable, because its Extent of Occurrence is less than 20,000 km2 and its Area of Occupancy is less than 2,000 km2, its distribution is severely fragmented, and there is a continuing decline in the extent and quality of its forest habitat.
|Range Description:||This species is known only from montane regions (750-1,800m asl) of northern Borneo.|
|Range Map:||Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.|
|Population:||It appears to be relatively abundant.|
|Habitat and Ecology:||An inhabitant of sub-montane forests (oak-chestnut and mossy forest), adults are found in the leaf-litter, and on vegetation close to streams (Malkmus et al. 2002). Breeding occurs in small, clear, rocky, mountain streams.|
|Major Threat(s):||The major threat to this species is loss of habitat through logging, particularly in the Trus Madi portion of the species' range. Other parts of the range are threatened by forest clearance for pine and eucalyptus plantations.|
|Conservation Actions:||Several parks in Sabah, Malaysia, have large tracts of appropriate habitat, including Gunung Mulu, Crocker Range, and Gunung Kinabalu National Park. However, there remains a need for improved protection and maintenance of submontane forest in Kalimantan, Indonesia.|
Inger, R.F. 1966. The systematics and zoogeography of the Amphibia of Borneo. Fieldiana: Zoology: 1-402.
Inger, R.F. and Stuebing, R.B. 1997. A Field Guide to the Frogs of Borneo. Borneo Natural History Publishers, Kota Kinabalu, Malaysia.
IUCN. 2004. 2004 IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. www.iucnredlist.org. Downloaded on 23 November 2004.
Malkmus, R., Manthey, U., Vogel, G., Hoffmann, P. and Kosuch, J. 2002. Amphibians and reptiles of Mount Kinabalu (North Borneo). A.R.G. Gantner Verlag K.G., Ruggell, Liechtenstein.
|Citation:||Robert Inger, Indraneil Das, Robert Stuebing, Maklarin Lakim, Paul Yambun 2004. Leptobrachella baluensis. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2015.2. <www.iucnredlist.org>. Downloaded on 31 August 2015.|
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