|Scientific Name:||Mantidactylus madecassus|
|Species Authority:||(Millot & Guibé, 1950)|
Rhacophorus madecassus Millot & Guibé, 1950
|Taxonomic Notes:||The taxonomic distinction between Mantidactylus madecassus and M. pauliani has recently been corroborated on the basis of genetic studies (M. Vences pers. comm.).|
|Red List Category & Criteria:||Endangered B1ab(iii)+2ab(iii) ver 3.1|
|Assessor(s):||Vences, M. & Glaw, F.|
|Reviewer(s):||Stuart, S.N., Chanson, J.S. & Cox, N.A.|
Listed as Endangered, in view of its extent of occurrence of less than 5,000 km2 and area of occupancy of less than 500 km2, with all individuals in fewer than five locations, and a continuing decline in the extent and quality of its habitat.
|Range Description:||This species is known only from Andringitra in south-eastern Madagascar, where the species is restricted to elevations between 1,500 and 2,500m asl. It has been found at about ten localities in Andringitra.|
|Range Map:||Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.|
|Population:||It is a rare species.|
|Habitat and Ecology:||It lives in rocky streams in forest or above the tree line. It is not dependent on forest and is usually found outside forest in rocky landscapes. The species is largely aquatic and breeds in the slower-flowing parts of streams.|
|Major Threat(s):||Its habitat is probably being impacted by overgrazing and fires (which are likely to be too frequent).|
|Conservation Actions:||It occurs in Parc National d'Andringitra.|
Blommers-Schlösser, R.M.A. 1979. Biosystematics of the Malagasy frogs. I. Mantellinae (Ranidae). Beaufortia: 1-77.
Blommers-Schlösser, R.M.A. and Blanc, C.P. 1991. Amphibiens (première partie). Fauna de Madagascar: 1-379.
Glaw, F. and Vences, M. 1994. A Fieldguide to the Amphibians and Reptiles of Madagascar. Second Edition. Zoologisches Forschungsinstitut und Museum Alexander Koenig, Bonn.
Glaw, F. and Vences, M. 2007. A Fieldguide to the Amphibians and Reptiles of Madagascar. Third Edition. Vences & Glaw Verlag, Cologne.
IUCN. 2008. 2008 IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Available at: http://www.iucnredlist.org. (Accessed: 5 October 2008).
Thomas, M., Raharivololoniaina, L., Glaw, F., Vences, M. and Vieites, D.R. 2005. Montane tadpoles in Madagascar: Molecular identification and description of the larval stages of Mantidactylus elegans, Mantidactylus madecassus, and Boophis laurenti from the Andringitra Massif. Copeia: 174-188.
Vences, M. and Glaw, F. 1999. Variation in Mantidactylus madecassus Millot & Guibé, 1950, a little known Malagasy frog, with resurrection of Mantidactylus pauliani Guibé, 1974. Herpetological Journal: 101-110.
|Citation:||Vences, M. & Glaw, F. 2008. Mantidactylus madecassus. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2014.3. <www.iucnredlist.org>. Downloaded on 19 April 2015.|
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