|Scientific Name:||Mantidactylus ambreensis Mocquard, 1895|
|Taxonomic Source(s):||Frost, D.R. 2015. Amphibian Species of the World: an Online Reference. Version 6.0. New York, USA. Available at: http://research.amnh.org/herpetology/amphibia/index.html.|
|Red List Category & Criteria:||Least Concern ver 3.1|
|Assessor(s):||IUCN SSC Amphibian Specialist Group|
|Contributor(s):||Raxworthy, C.J., Glaw, F. & Scherz, M.D.|
|Facilitator/Compiler(s):||Luedtke, J. & Hobin, L.|
Listed as Least Concern in view of its relatively wide distribution and presumed large population.
|Previously published Red List assessments:|
|Range Description:||This species is known from several areas in northern and northwestern Madagascar, from Fôret d’Ambre Special Reserve and Montagne d'Ambre National Park (Raxworthy and Nussbaum 1994, D'Cruze et al. 2008) south to near Maevatenana, including forest fragments in the Tsarakibany area (Durkin et al. 2011). It is likely to occur more widely than currently known. It has been recorded at 200-1,150 m asl.|
|Range Map:||Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.|
|Population:||It is a locally abundant species. Due to ongoing decline in the extent and quality of habitat, the population is suspected to be decreasing.|
|Current Population Trend:||Decreasing|
|Habitat and Ecology:||This species inhabits pristine rainforest, along streams and rivers on the forest floor. But the species also shows a degree of resilience as it has also been recorded in highly fragmented forests, and degraded primary and secondary forests (M.D. Scherz pers. comm. March 2016). Its egg deposition site is not known, but tadpoles live in streams.|
|Continuing decline in area, extent and/or quality of habitat:||Yes|
|Movement patterns:||Not a Migrant|
|Use and Trade:||There are no records of this species being utilized.|
Its forest habitat is receding due to subsistence agriculture, timber extraction, charcoal manufacture, and invasive spread of eucalyptus, livestock grazing and expanding human settlements.
Species in this genus have tested positive for Batrachochytrium dendrobatidis (Bd), however currently there have been no negative effects observed within amphibian populations in Madagascar suggesting the Bd strain has a low virulence level (Bletz et al. 2015).
This species occurs in Fôret d’Ambre Special Reserve, Montagne d'Ambre National Park (D'Cruze et al. 2008), Tsaratanana Strict Nature Reserve, and Scherz et al. recorded it in the Mahimborondro corridor south of Tsaratanana (a proposed protected area).
Additional work is required on the species' population size, distribution and trends, and its ecological requirements. Further research is also essential to fully understand the distribution, origin, type and virulence of Bd lineages found in Madagascar (Bletz et al. 2015).
Bletz, M.C., Rosa, G.M., Andreone, F., Courtois, E.A., Schmeller, D.S., Rabibisoa, N.H.C, Rabemananjara, F.C.E., Raharivololoniaina, L., Vences, M., Weldon, C., Edmonds, D., Raxworthy, C.J., Harris, R.N., Fisher, M.C. and Crottini, A. 2015. Widespread presence of the pathogenic fungus Batrachochytrium dendrobatidis in wild amphibian communities in Madagascar. Scientific Reports 5(8633): 1-10.
D'Cruze, N., Köhler, J., Franzen, M. and Glaw, F. 2008. A conservation assessment of the amphibians and reptiles of the Foret d'Ambre Special Reserve, Madagascar. Madagascar Conservation and Development 3(1): 44-54.
Durkin, L., Steer, M.D. and Belle, E.M.S. 2011. Herpetological surveys of forest fragments between Montagne d'Ambre National Park and Ankarana Special Reserve, northern Madagascar. Herpetological Conservation and Biology 6(1): 114-126.
Glaw, F. and Vences, M. 1994. A Fieldguide to the Amphibians and Reptiles of Madagascar. Second Edition. Zoologisches Forschungsinstitut und Museum Alexander Koenig, Bonn.
Glaw, F. and Vences, M. 2004. A preliminary review of cryptic diversity in frogs of the subgenus Ochthomantis based on mtDNA data and morphology (Anura, Mantellidae, Mantidactylus). Spixiana 27: 83-91.
Glaw, F. and Vences, M. 2007. A Fieldguide to the Amphibians and Reptiles of Madagascar. Third Edition. Vences & Glaw Verlag, Cologne.
IUCN. 2016. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2016-3. Available at: www.iucnredlist.org. (Accessed: 07 December 2016).
Raxworthy, C.J. and Nussbaum, R.A. 1994. A rainforest survey of the amphibians, reptiles, and small mammals at Montagne d'Ambre, Madagascar. Biological Conservation 69: 65-73.
|Citation:||IUCN SSC Amphibian Specialist Group. 2016. Mantidactylus ambreensis. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2016: e.T57459A84169081.Downloaded on 20 November 2017.|