|Scientific Name:||Mantella milotympanum|
|Species Authority:||Staniszewski, 1996|
|Taxonomic Notes:||This species and Mantella crocea might represent colour variants of the same species (M. Vences and F. Glaw pers. comm.; Chiari et al. 2004). Populations with intermediate characteristics between Mantella crocea and M. milotympanum have been recorded from north of Fierenana, Andriabe, Savakoanina and the Zahamena reserve (Chiari et al. 2004). The taxonomy of this species and of Mantella manery have been confused by amateurs using pseudo-scientific names in the pet-trade literature before the species were properly described.|
|Red List Category & Criteria:||Critically Endangered B2ab(iii) ver 3.1|
|Assessor/s:||Miguel Vences, Ronald Nussbaum|
|Reviewer/s:||Global Amphibian Assessment Coordinating Team (Simon Stuart, Janice Chanson and Neil Cox)|
Listed as Critically Endangered because its area of occupancy is probably less than 10 km², its distribution is severely fragmented, and the extent of its forest habitat in east-central Madagascar is probably declining.
|Range Description:||This species occurs in several fragmented localities in east-central Madagascar covering a small area south of Fierenana, at 900-1,000m asl.|
|Range Map:||Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.|
|Population:||It is a locally common species, and has been observed at high densities.|
|Habitat and Ecology:||It is a terrestrial species living in gallery forest around large swamps, and in seasonally flooded forest, but is not found outside forest. Breeding is the same as other mantellas, with the eggs being laid on land and the larvae being washed into swamps by rain. It is very seasonal in its breeding, and hard to find when it is not breeding.|
|Major Threat(s):||The area where this species occurs is severely threatened, with its forest habitat receding due to the impacts of subsistence agriculture (including livestock grazing), timber extraction, charcoal production, the spread of eucalyptus, fires, and expanding human settlements. It has, in the past, been collected in large numbers by commercial collectors, and trade might pose a major threat to the species.|
|Conservation Actions:||It is not known from any protected areas, making protection of remaining habitat a top priority, particularly given the high rate of habitat loss and degradation within its range. The species also requires careful population monitoring, and any trade should be carefully regulated. It is listed on CITES Appendix II.|
Andreone, F., Cadle, J.E., Cox, N., Glaw, F., Nussbaum, R.A., Raxworthy, C.J., Stuart, S.N., Vallan, D. and Vences, M. 2005. A species review of amphibian extinction risks in Madagascar: results from the Global Amphibian Assessment. Conservation Biology: 1790-1802.
Andreone, F., Cox, N., Glaw, F., Rabibisoa, N.A.C., Randriamahazo, H., Randrianasolo, H., Raxworthy, C.J., Stuart, S., Vallan, D. and Vences, M. 2008. Update of the Global Amphibian Assessment for Malagasy amphibians in light of new species discoveries, taxonomic changes, and new field information. In: Andreone, F. (ed.), A Conservation Strategy for the Amphibians of Madagascar., Monografie del Museo Regionale di Scienze Naturali di Torino, 419-436.
Andreone, F., Mercurio, V. and Mattioli, F. 2006. Between environmental degradation and international pet trade: conservation strategies for the threatened amphibians of Madagascar. Natura ? Soc. it. Sci. nat. Museo civ. Stor. Nat. Milano, (Milano, Italy) 95(2): 81-96.
Chiari, Y., Vences, M., Vieites, D.R., Rabemananjara, F., Bora, P., Ramilijaona Ravoahangimalala, O. and Meyer, A. 2004. New evidence for parallel evolution of colour patterns in Malagasy poison frogs (Mantella). Molecular Ecology 13: 3763-3774.
Glaw, F. and Vences, M. 2007. A Fieldguide to the Amphibians and Reptiles of Madagascar. Third Edition. Vences & Glaw Verlag, Cologne.
IUCN. 2004. 2004 IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. www.iucnredlist.org. Downloaded on 23 November 2004.
Jovanovic, O., Rabemananjara, F., Ramilijaona, O., Andreone, F., Glaw, F. and Vnces, M. 2006. Frogs of Madagascar, Genus Mantella. Pocket Identification Guide. Conservation International. Tropical Pocket Guide Series., Washington DC.
Randrianirina, J.E. 2005. Nouvelles données sur la distribution d?une espèce de grenouille menacée dans la foret de Fierenana, Madagascar, Mantella milotympanum (Amphibia, Mantellidae). Bulletin de la Société Herpétologique de France 115: 48-54.
Staniszewski, M. 1996. Mantellas in captivity. Reptilian Magazine: 16-26.
Staniszewski, M. 2001. Mantellas. Edition Chimaira, Frankfurt am Main.
Vences, M., Glaw, F. and Böhme, W. 1999. A review of the genus Mantella (Anura, Ranidae, Mantellinae): taxonomy, distribution and conservation of the Malagasy poison frogs. Alytes: 3-72.
|Citation:||Miguel Vences, Ronald Nussbaum 2004. Mantella milotympanum. In: IUCN 2013. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2013.2. <www.iucnredlist.org>. Downloaded on 11 March 2014.|
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