|Scientific Name:||Eleutherodactylus ventrilineatus|
|Species Authority:||(Shreve, 1936)|
|Red List Category & Criteria:||Critically Endangered A3c; B1ab(iii)+2ab(iii) ver 3.1|
|Assessor/s:||Blair Hedges, Richard Thomas|
|Reviewer/s:||Global Amphibian Assessment Coordinating Team (Simon Stuart, Janice Chanson, Neil Cox and Bruce Young)|
Listed as Critically Endangered because of an expected population decline of greater than 80% over the next ten years, predicted from severe degradation of the species' habitat on the Massif de la Hotte; Haiti; and because it has an Extent of Occurrence of less than 100km2 and an Area of Occupancy of less than 10km2, all individuals are in a single sub-population, and the extent of its forest habitat is declining.
|Range Description:||This species has a very restricted distribution on the peaks of Formon and Macaya on the Massif de la Hotte, Haiti. Its altitudinal range is from 1,700-2,340m asl.|
|Range Map:||Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.|
|Population:||It is believed to be common in suitable habitat. It was last recorded in 2006 (Hedges and Díaz 2009).|
|Habitat and Ecology:||It is a terrestrial species, occurring in open sites in montane closed pine and cloud forest. Eggs are laid on the ground and it breeds by direct development.|
|Major Threat(s):||The major threat is habitat loss, primarily due to logging (charcoal collection) by local people and slash-and-burn agriculture.|
|Conservation Actions:||It is known to occur only in the Parc National Macaya, but there is no management of this area for conservation, and the habitat continues to be destroyed. Urgent site-based action is required in the Massif de la Hotte to conserve the remaining habitat in the area.|
Hedges, S.B. 1993. Global amphibian declines: a perspective from the Caribbean. Biodiversity and Conservation 2(3): 290-303.
Hedges, S.B. 1999. Distribution of amphibians in the West Indies. In: W.E. Duellman (ed.), Patterns of Distribution of Amphibians. A Global Perspective, pp. 211-254. The Johns Hopkins Press, Baltimore, Maryland.
Hedges, S.B. 2001. Caribherp: database of West Indian amphibians and reptiles (http://www.caribherp.net). Pennsylvania State University, University Park, PA.
Hedges, S.B. and Díaz, L.M. 2009. Amphibian conservation in the West Indies. In: H.H. Heatwole and J.W. Wilkenson (eds), Amphibian Biology: Conservation and Decline of Amphibians, Surrey Beatty & Sons, Chipping Norton.
Henderson, R.W. and Powell, R. 1999. West Indian herpetoecology. In: B.I. Crother (ed.), Caribbean Amphibians and Reptiles, pp. 223-226. Academic Press, San Diego, California.
Henderson, R.W. and Powell, R. 2001. Responses by the West Indian herpetofauna to human-influenced resources. Caribbean Journal of Science 37: 41-54.
IUCN. 2010. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species (ver. 2010.2). Available at: http://www.iucnredlist.org. (Accessed: 29 June 2010).
Schwartz, A. and Henderson, R.W. 1991. Amphibians and Reptiles of the West Indies: Descriptions, Distributions and Natural History. University of Florida Press, Gainesville, Florida.
|Citation:||Blair Hedges, Richard Thomas 2010. Eleutherodactylus ventrilineatus. In: IUCN 2013. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2013.2. <www.iucnredlist.org>. Downloaded on 09 March 2014.|
|Feedback:||If you see any errors or have any questions or suggestions on what is shown on this page, please fill in the feedback form so that we can correct or extend the information provided|