|Scientific Name:||Eleutherodactylus thorectes|
|Species Authority:||Hedges, 1988|
|Red List Category & Criteria:||Critically Endangered A3c; B1ab(iii)+2ab(iii) ver 3.1|
|Assessor/s:||Blair Hedges, Richard Thomas, Robert Powell|
|Reviewer/s:||Global Amphibian Assessment Coordinating Team (Simon Stuart, Janice Chanson, Neil Cox and Bruce Young)|
Listed as Critically Endangered because of an expected population decline of greater than 80% over the next ten years, predicted from severe degradation of the species' habitat on the Massif de la Hotte; Haiti; and because it has an Extent of Occurrence of less than 100km2 and an Area of Occupancy of less than 10km2, all individuals are in a single sub-population, and the extent of its forest habitat is declining.
|Range Description:||One of the smallest frogs in the world, this species has a very restricted range, occurring only on the peaks of Formon and Macaya at high elevations on the Massif de la Hotte, Haiti. Its altitudinal range is from 1,700-2,340 m asl.|
|Range Map:||Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.|
|Population:||Believed to be common in suitable habitat, it was last recorded in 1991 (although there have been no surveys of the area since).|
|Habitat and Ecology:||It is slightly arboreal in closed montane pine and cloud forest with shrubs, tree ferns, bromeliads, and climbing bamboo. Eggs are laid on the ground and it breeds by direct development.|
|Major Threat(s):||Severe habitat destruction is taking place primarily due to logging (charcoal collection) by local people and slash-and-burn agriculture.|
|Conservation Actions:||This species is known only from the Parc National Macaya, but there is no management of this area for conservation, and the habitat continues to be destroyed. Urgent site-based action is required in the Massif de la Hotte to conserve the remaining habitat in the area. Survey work is also necessary to determine the current population status of this species.|
Hedges, S.B. 1988. A new diminutive frog from Hispaniola (Leptodactylidae: Eleutherodactylus). Copeia: 636-641.
Hedges, S.B. 1993. Global amphibian declines: a perspective from the Caribbean. Biodiversity and Conservation: 290-303.
Hedges, S.B. 1999. Distribution of amphibians in the West Indies. In: Duellman, W.E. (ed.), Patterns of Distribution of Amphibians. A Global Perspective, pp. 211-254. The Johns Hopkins Press, Baltimore, Maryland.
Hedges, S.B. 2001. Caribherp: database of West Indian amphibians and reptiles (http://www.caribherp.net). Pennsylvania State University, University Park, PA.
Hedges, S.B. and Díaz, L.M. 2009. Amphibian conservation in the West Indies. In: Heatwole, H.H. and Wilkenson, J.W. (eds), Amphibian Biology: Conservation and Decline of Amphibians, Surrey Beatty & Sons, Chipping Norton.
Hedges, S.B. and Powell, R. 1998. Eleutherodactylus thorectes. Catalogue of American Amphibians and Reptiles: 1-2.
Henderson, R.W. and Powell, R. 1999. West Indian herpetoecology. In: Crother, B.I. (ed.), Caribbean Amphibians and Reptiles, pp. 223-226. Academic Press, San Diego, California.
Henderson, R.W. and Powell, R. 2001. Responses by the West Indian herpetofauna to human-influenced resources. Caribbean Journal of Science: 41-54.
IUCN. 2010. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species (ver. 2010.2). Available at: http://www.iucnredlist.org. (Accessed: 29 June 2010).
Schwartz, A. and Henderson, R.W. 1991. Amphibians and Reptiles of the West Indies: Descriptions, Distributions and Natural History. University of Florida Press, Gainesville, Florida.
|Citation:||Blair Hedges, Richard Thomas, Robert Powell 2010. Eleutherodactylus thorectes. In: IUCN 2012. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2012.2. <www.iucnredlist.org>. Downloaded on 21 May 2013.|
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