Pristimantis phalarus 

Scope: Global
Language: English

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Taxonomy [top]

Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family
Animalia Chordata Amphibia Anura Craugastoridae

Scientific Name: Pristimantis phalarus (Lynch, 1998)
Eleutherodactylus phalarus Lynch, 1998
Taxonomic Source(s): Frost, D.R. 2016. Amphibian Species of the World: an Online Reference. Version 6.0 (31 March 2016). New York, USA. Available at:

Assessment Information [top]

Red List Category & Criteria: Vulnerable D2 ver 3.1
Year Published: 2004
Date Assessed: 2004-04-30
Needs updating
Assessor(s): Fernando Castro, Maria Isabel Herrera, John Lynch
Reviewer(s): Global Amphibian Assessment Coordinating Team (Simon Stuart, Janice Chanson, Neil Cox and Bruce Young)
Listed as Vulnerable because it is known from fewer than five locations.

Geographic Range [top]

Range Description:This species is known from two localities, both in the Serrania de los Paraguas in Choco and Valle del Cauca departments, on the Cordillera Occidental, in Colombia, between 2,160 and 2,400m asl. It probably does not occur in adjacent Risaralda department (because a sister species is found there).
Countries occurrence:
Additional data:
Range Map:Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.

Population [top]

Population:A minute frog species found on the tops of leaves in primary cloud forest. It is very difficult to collect, and relatively few specimens have been successfully collected.
Current Population Trend:Stable
Additional data:
Population severely fragmented:No

Habitat and Ecology [top]

Habitat and Ecology:It is usually found on top of leaves in dense primary cloud forests. It is active at night, on medium to high vegetation (up to 2m above the ground), and occasionally it occurs on vegetation along streams. It has only been recorded from dense pristine forest. It breeds by direct development.

Threats [top]

Major Threat(s): The habitat of the type locality is relatively unthreatened at present, but there is a road proposed for this area in the future, which will present a major threat to the species if it goes ahead.

Conservation Actions [top]

Conservation Actions: Not currently known from any protected areas. Efforts are ongoing to transform the Serrania de los Paraguas into a protected area. This species requires close population monitoring given that it has such a restricted range.

Classifications [top]

1. Forest -> 1.9. Forest - Subtropical/Tropical Moist Montane
1. Land/water protection -> 1.1. Site/area protection
2. Land/water management -> 2.1. Site/area management

In-Place Research, Monitoring and Planning
In-Place Land/Water Protection and Management
In-Place Species Management
In-Place Education
4. Transportation & service corridors -> 4.1. Roads & railroads
♦ timing:Future    
→ Stresses
  • 1. Ecosystem stresses -> 1.2. Ecosystem degradation

1. Research -> 1.2. Population size, distribution & trends
1. Research -> 1.3. Life history & ecology
1. Research -> 1.5. Threats
1. Research -> 1.6. Actions
3. Monitoring -> 3.1. Population trends

Bibliography [top]

Acosta-Galvis, A.R. 2000. Ranas, Salamandras y Caecilias (Tetrapoda: Amphibia) de Colombia. Biota Colombiana 1(3): 289-319.

IUCN. 2004. 2004 IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Available at: (Accessed: 23 November 2004).

Lynch, J.D. 1998. New species of Eleutherodactylus from the Cordillera Occidental of western Colombia with a synopsis of the distributions of species in western Colombia. Revista de la Academia Colombiana de Ciencias Exactas, FĂ­sicas y Naturales 22(82): 117-148.

Citation: Fernando Castro, Maria Isabel Herrera, John Lynch. 2004. Pristimantis phalarus. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2004: e.T56852A11545374. . Downloaded on 24 November 2017.
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