Craugastor lauraster


Taxonomy [top]

Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family

Scientific Name: Craugastor lauraster
Species Authority: (Savage, McCranie & Espinal, 1996)
Taxonomic Notes: This species was previously included in the genus Eleutherodactylus (Crawford and Smith 2005).

Assessment Information [top]

Red List Category & Criteria: Endangered B1ab(iii,v) ver 3.1
Year Published: 2010
Date Assessed: 2009-01-09
Assessor(s): Gustavo Cruz, Larry David Wilson, Randy McCranie, Gunther Köhler
Reviewer(s): Global Amphibian Assessment Coordinating Team (Simon Stuart, Janice Chanson, Neil Cox and Bruce Young)
Listed as Endangered because its Extent of Occurrence is less than 5,000 km2, its distribution is severely fragmented, and there is continuing decline in the extent and quality of its habitat, and in the number of mature individuals, in Honduras and Nicaragua.
2004 Endangered

Geographic Range [top]

Range Description: This species occurs from central and eastern Honduras on the Atlantic versant to northern Nicaragua, at 40-1,200m asl.
Honduras; Nicaragua
Range Map: Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.

Population [top]

Population: It can be very common, but it is undergoing severe declines in Nicaragua at higher elevations.
Population Trend: Decreasing

Habitat and Ecology [top]

Habitat and Ecology: It lives on the ground of lowland moist forest and premontane wet forest, and can survive in somewhat degraded habitats providing there is shade over leaf-litter. It presumably breeds by direct development and is not dependent on water for breeding.
Systems: Terrestrial

Threats [top]

Major Threat(s): The main threats to its habitat come from agriculture, cattle ranching, logging, forest fires, and severe dry seasons. The causes of the declines at high altitudes are not understood.

Conservation Actions [top]

Conservation Actions: It occurs in several protected areas in both countries, although improved and strengthened management of these is needed. Further research is needed to investigate the reason for this species' decline at higher elevations.

Bibliography [top]

Campbell, J.A. 2001. Guide to the Reptiles and Amphibians of Guatemala. University of Texas, Arlington, Web published:

Crawford, A.J. and Smith, E.N. 2005. Cenozoic biogeography and evolution in direct-developing frogs of Central America (Leptodactylidae: Eleutherodactylus) as inferred from a phylogenetic analysis of nuclear and mitochondrial genes. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 25: 536-555.

IUCN. 2010. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species (ver. 2010.2). Available at: (Accessed: 29 June 2010).

Köhler, G. 1998. Eleutherodactylus lauraster. Herpetological Review: 246.

Köhler, G. 2001. Anfibios y Reptiles de Nicaragua. Herpeton, Offenbach, Germany.

McCranie, J.R. and Wilson, L.D. 2002. The Amphibians of Honduras. Society for the Study of Amphibians and Reptiles, Ithaca, New York, USA.

Savage, J.M., McCranie, J.R. and Espinal, M. 1996. A new species of Eleutherodactylus from Honduras related to Eleutherodactylus bransfordii (Anura: Leptodactylidae). Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington: 366-372.

Citation: Gustavo Cruz, Larry David Wilson, Randy McCranie, Gunther Köhler 2010. Craugastor lauraster. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2015.2. <>. Downloaded on 01 September 2015.
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