|Scientific Name:||Pristimantis eremitus|
|Species Authority:||(Lynch, 1980)|
Eleutherodactylus eremitus Lynch, 1980
|Red List Category & Criteria:||Vulnerable B1ab(iii) ver 3.1|
|Assessor(s):||Castro, F., Herrera, M., Ron, S.R., Coloma, L.A., Cisneros-Heredia, D.F., Lynch, J. & Yánez-Muñoz, M.|
|Reviewer(s):||Stuart, S.N., Chanson, J.S., Cox, N.A. & Young, B.E.|
Listed as Vulnerable because its Extent of Occurrence is less than 20,000 km2, its distribution is severely fragmented, and there is continuing decline in the extent and quality of its forest habitat in the Colombian and Ecuadorian Andes.
|Range Description:||This species is found at elevations of 1,540-2,100 m asl on the Pacific slopes of the western Andes in Ecuador (Saloya Valley, Pichincha Province) and extreme south-western Colombia (La Planada, Nariño Department). It probably occurs more widely than current records suggest.|
|Range Map:||Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.|
|Population:||It was abundant in suitable habitat in La Planada, Colombia, in the late 1980s, and has been recorded during the course of recent surveys in Ecuador.|
|Current Population Trend:||Decreasing|
|Habitat and Ecology:||It is a montane cloud forest species. It occurs in old growth and secondary forest, but not outside forest habitats. During the day, it can be found in epiphytic bromeliads as much as 7 m off the ground. It is presumed to breed by direct development, but the site of egg deposition is not known.|
|Major Threat(s):||General habitat loss due to logging and agricultural development (including the planting of illegal crops) is a major threat.|
|Conservation Actions:||In Colombia, the species occurs in Reserva La Planada (department of Nariño), and in Ecuador its range overlaps with Reserva Ecológica Los Illinizas.|
Acosta-Galvis, A.R. 2000. Ranas, Salamandras y Caecilias (Tetrapoda: Amphibia) de Colombia. Biota Colombiana: 289-319.
IUCN. 2016. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2016-1. Available at: www.iucnredlist.org. (Accessed: 30 June 2016).
Lynch, J.D. 1980. Eleutherodactylus eremitus, a new trans-Andean species of the Lacrimosus assembly from Ecuador (Amphibia, Leptodactylidae). Breviora: 1-7.
Lynch, J.D. 1998. New species of Eleutherodactylus from the Cordillera Occidental of western Columbia with a synopsis of the distributions of species in western Columbia. Revista de la Academia Colombiana de Ciencias Exactas, Físicas y Naturales: 117-148.
Lynch, J.D. and Burrowes, P.A. 1990. The frogs of the genus Eleutherodactylus (family Leptodactylidae) at the La Planada Reserve in southwestern Colombia with descriptions of eight new species. Occasional Papers of the Museum of Natural History of the University of Kansas: 1-31.
Lynch, J.D. and Duellman, W.E. 1997. Frogs of the genus Eleutherodactylus in western Ecuador: Systematics, ecology, and biogeography. University of Kansas Museum of Natural History Special Publication: 1-236.
Lynch, J.D., Ruiz-Carranza, P.M. and Ardila-Robayo, M.C. 1997. Biogeographic patterns of Colombian frogs and toads. Revista de la Academia Colombiana de Ciencias Exactas, Físicas y Naturales: 237-248.
Ruiz-Carranza, P.M., Ardila-Robayo, M.C. and Lynch, J.D. 1996. Lista actualizada de la fauna de Amphibia de Colombia. Revista de la Academia Colombiana de Ciencias Exactas, Físicas y Naturales 20(77): 365-415.
|Citation:||Castro, F., Herrera, M., Ron, S.R., Coloma, L.A., Cisneros-Heredia, D.F., Lynch, J. & Yánez-Muñoz, M. 2016. Pristimantis eremitus. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2016: e.T56583A86473023.Downloaded on 03 December 2016.|
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