|Scientific Name:||Eleutherodactylus dolomedes|
|Species Authority:||Hedges and Thomas, 1992|
|Red List Category & Criteria:||Critically Endangered A3c; B1ab(iii)+2ab(iii) ver 3.1|
|Assessor/s:||Blair Hedges, Richard Thomas|
|Reviewer/s:||Global Amphibian Assessment Coordinating Team (Simon Stuart, Janice Chanson, Neil Cox and Bruce Young)|
Listed as Critically Endangered because a population decline of greater than 80% over the next ten years, is predicted from severe degradation of the species' habitat: and because its Extent of Occurrence is less than 100km2 and its Area of Occupancy is less than 10km2, all individuals are in a single population, and the extent of its forest habitat on the Massif de la Hotte, Haiti, is declining.
|Range Description:||This species is restricted to one site on the Massif de la Hotte, in Haiti, at 1,120m asl.|
|Range Map:||Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.|
|Population:||It is known only from a few specimens.|
|Habitat and Ecology:||It is an arboreal species, occurring in high-elevation cloud forest. While it has been recorded from forest edge, this is probably not suitable habitat. Eggs are laid on the ground, and it breeds by direct development.|
|Major Threat(s):||The primary threat to the species is severe habitat destruction, which is taking place as a result of logging by local people (charcoaling) and slash-and-burn agriculture.|
|Conservation Actions:||This species is known only from the Parc National Macaya; there is no active management of this area for conservation, and the habitat continues to be destroyed. Urgent site-based action is required in the Massif de la Hotte to conserve the remaining habitat in the area, in order to ensure the persistence of this species as well as other threatened amphibians known only from this area. Survey work is required to determine the population status of this species.|
Hedges, S.B. 1993. Global amphibian declines: a perspective from the Caribbean. Biodiversity and Conservation 2(3): 290-303.
Hedges, S.B. 1999. Distribution of amphibians in the West Indies. In: W.E. Duellman (ed.), Patterns of Distribution of Amphibians. A Global Perspective, pp. 211-254. The Johns Hopkins Press, Baltimore, Maryland.
Hedges, S.B. 2001. Caribherp: database of West Indian amphibians and reptiles (http://www.caribherp.net). Pennsylvania State University, University Park, PA.
Hedges, S.B. and Thomas, R. 1992. Two new species of Eleutherodactylus from remnant cloud forest in Haiti (Anura, Leptodactylidae). Herpetologica: 351-358.
Henderson, R.W. and Powell, R. 1999. West Indian herpetoecology. In: B.I. Crother (ed.), Caribbean Amphibians and Reptiles, pp. 223-226. Academic Press, San Diego, California.
Henderson, R.W. and Powell, R. 2001. Responses by the West Indian herpetofauna to human-influenced resources. Caribbean Journal of Science 37: 41-54.
IUCN. 2004. 2004 IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. www.iucnredlist.org. Downloaded on 23 November 2004.
Schwartz, A. and Henderson, R.W. 1991. Amphibians and Reptiles of the West Indies: Descriptions, Distributions and Natural History. University of Florida Press, Gainesville, Florida.
|Citation:||Blair Hedges, Richard Thomas 2004. Eleutherodactylus dolomedes. In: IUCN 2013. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2013.2. <www.iucnredlist.org>. Downloaded on 10 March 2014.|
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