|Scientific Name:||Pristimantis crucifer|
|Species Authority:||(Boulenger, 1899)|
Eleutherodactylus crucifer (Boulenger, 1899)
|Red List Category & Criteria:||Vulnerable B1ab(iii) ver 3.1|
|Assessor/s:||John Lynch, Luis A. Coloma, Santiago Ron|
|Reviewer/s:||Global Amphibian Assessment Coordinating Team (Simon Stuart, Janice Chanson, Neil Cox and Bruce Young)|
Listed as Vulnerable because its Extent of Occurrence is less than 20,000 km2, all individuals are in fewer than five locations, and there is continuing decline in the extent and quality of its habitat in Ecuador.
|Range Description:||This species occurs at 1,200-1,800m asl on the Pacific slopes of the Cordillera Occidental in Ecuador, from the provinces of Imbabura and Esmeraldas, south to Bolivar. It has been recorded from around ten localities.|
|Range Map:||Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.|
|Population:||It appears to be an uncommon species, but it is hard to find, and so it might not be as rare as it seems.|
|Habitat and Ecology:||It is a cloud forest species that lives in bromeliads by day. At night, individuals have been found on ferns and leaves up to 2m above the ground, in dense forest, and along streams. It is not known whether or not it can adapt to disturbed habitats. It is presumed to breed by direct development, but the site of egg deposition is not known.|
|Major Threat(s):||Habitat destruction and degradation are taking place due to agricultural development, plantations, logging, and human settlement. Some other species of Eleutherodactylus that are associated with streams have undergone dramatic declines and disappearances, possibly due to chytridiomycosis, so the status of this species should be monitored carefully.|
|Conservation Actions:||Its geographic range overlaps the Reservas Ecológica Cotacachi-Cayapas and the Reserva Ecológica Los Illinizas.|
Boulenger, G.A. 1899. Descriptions of new reptiles and batrachians collected by Mr. P.O. Simons in the Andes of Ecuador. Annals and Magazine of Natural History: 454-457.
IUCN. 2004. 2004 IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. www.iucnredlist.org. Downloaded on 23 November 2004.
Lynch, J.D. and Duellman, W.E. 1997. Frogs of the genus Eleutherodactylus in western Ecuador: Systematics, ecology, and biogeography. University of Kansas Museum of Natural History Special Publication: 1-236.
|Citation:||John Lynch, Luis A. Coloma, Santiago Ron 2004. Pristimantis crucifer. In: IUCN 2013. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2013.2. <www.iucnredlist.org>. Downloaded on 16 April 2014.|
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