|Scientific Name:||Ischnocnema bilineata|
|Species Authority:||(Bokermann, 1975)|
Eleutherodactylus bilineatus Bokermann, 1975
Ischnocnema bilineatus (Bokermann, 1975) [orth. error]
|Red List Category & Criteria:||Least Concern ver 3.1|
|Assessor/s:||Flora Junca, Bruno Pimenta|
|Reviewer/s:||Global Amphibian Assessment Coordinating Team (Simon Stuart, Janice Chanson, Neil Cox and Bruce Young)|
Listed as Least Concern in view of its relatively wide distribution, tolerance of a degree of habitat modification, presumed large population, and because it is unlikely to be declining fast enough to qualify for listing in a more threatened category.
|Range Description:||This species is known only from the southern and central parts of the State of Bahia, eastern Brazil, from Guaratinga north to Santa Teresinha. It occurs up to 800m asl.|
|Range Map:||Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.|
|Population:||It is a common species.|
|Habitat and Ecology:||It lives in lowland moist forests and in cocoa plantations. It is adaptable to more open areas, providing that trees are present. It has been found in the leaf-litter in cocoa plantations and in bromeliads in forest. It presumably breeds by direct development, but it is not known where it lays its eggs.|
|Major Threat(s):||The major threats are probably related to habitat loss due to agriculture, livestock grazing, logging, industry and human settlement.|
|Conservation Actions:||It occurs in several protected areas.|
Bokermann, W.C.A. 1974. Três espécies novas de Eleutherodactylus do Sudeste da Bahia, Brasil (Anura, Leptodactylidae). Revista Brasileira de Biologia: 11-18.
IUCN. 2004. 2004 IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. www.iucnredlist.org. Downloaded on 23 November 2004.
Lynch, J.D. 1976. The species groups of the South American frogs of the genus Eleutherodactylus (Leptodactylidae). Occasional Papers of the Museum of Natural History of the University of Kansas: 1-24.
Lynch, J.D. and Duellman, W.E. 1997. Frogs of the genus Eleutherodactylus in western Ecuador: Systematics, ecology, and biogeography. University of Kansas Museum of Natural History Special Publication: 1-236.
Pimenta, B.V.S. and Silvano, D.L. 2002. Geographic distribution: Eleutherodactylus bilineatus (Two-lined robber frog). Herpetological Review: 144.
|Citation:||Flora Junca, Bruno Pimenta 2004. Ischnocnema bilineata. In: IUCN 2012. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2012.2. <www.iucnredlist.org>. Downloaded on 20 May 2013.|
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