|Scientific Name:||Adelophryne gutturosa|
|Species Authority:||Hoogmoed & Lescure, 1984|
|Red List Category & Criteria:||Least Concern ver 3.1|
|Assessor(s):||Reynolds, R., Rodrigues, M.T., Mijares, A. & MacCulloch, R.|
|Reviewer(s):||Stuart, S., Chanson, J., Cox, N. & Young, B. (Global Amphibian Assessment Coordinating Team)|
Listed as Least Concern in view of its relatively wide distribution, presumed large population, and because it is unlikely to be declining to qualify for listing in a more threatened category.
|Range Description:||This species occurs on the Guiana Shield, from Mount Roraima in Western Venezuela, to nearby Guyana (Mt Ayanganna, Mt. Wokomung, Kaieteur National Park and northern Pakaraima region), reaching to Serra do Veado, in Amapá state, Brazil. It is found between 40 and 2,200 masl.|
Native:Brazil; French Guiana; Guyana; Suriname; Venezuela, Bolivarian Republic of
|Range Map:||Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.|
|Population:||It is not a common species. It is probably locally abundant, but its secretive habits make it hard to find (R. MacCulloch pers. comm. 2009).|
|Habitat and Ecology:||This tiny diurnal frog is found in the leaf-litter on the forest floor of rainforests near streams. Often associated with formations of Monotagma spicatum, males call from the base of plants, hidden among rootlets and among dead leaves at the base of plants (MacCulloch et al. 2008). The deposition of eggs takes place at the beginning of the rainy season, and they develop directly. One female was found to deposit a single, large egg among dead leaves (MacCulloch et al. 2008).|
|Use and Trade:||
There are no reports of this species being utilized.
|Major Threat(s):||There are no known threats to the species at present, and it occurs in a region of minimal human impact.|
|Conservation Actions:||Its range includes several national parks.|
Ayarzaguena, J. 1985. Primer reporte para Venezuela de Adelophryne gutturosa (Leptodactylidae) y datos sobre su biologia. Memoria de la Sociedad de Ciencias Naturales La Salle: 159-160.
Barrio Amorós, C.L. 2004. Amphibians of Venezuela Systematic List, Distribution and References, An Update. Review of Ecology in Latin America: 1-48.
Hoogmoed, M.S. and Lescure, J. 1984. A new genus and two new species of minute leptodactylid frogs from northern South America, with comments upon Phyzelaphryne (Amphibia: Anura: Leptodactylidae). Zoologischer Mededelinger Leiden: 85-115.
Hoogmoed, M.S., Borges, D.M. and Cascon, P. 1994. Three new species of the genus Adelophryne (Amphibia: Anura: Leptodactylidae) from northeastern Brazil, with remarks on the other species of the genus. Zoologischer Mededelinger Leiden: 271-300.
IUCN. 2004. 2004 IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. www.iucnredlist.org. Downloaded on 23 November 2004.
IUCN. 2009. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species (ver. 2009.2). Available at: www.iucnredlist.org. (Accessed: 3 November 2009).
La Marca, E. 1992. Catalogo taxonomico, biogeografico y bibliografico de las ranas de Venezuela. Cuadernos Geograficos, Universidad de Los Andes: 1-197.
MacCulloch, R.D., Lathrop, A., Kok, P.J.R., Minter, L.R., Khan, S.Z. and Barrio-Amorós, C.L. 2008. A new species of Adelophryne (Anura: Eleutherodactylidae) from Guyana, with additional data on A. gutturosa. Zootaxa 1884: 36–50.
|Citation:||Reynolds, R., Rodrigues, M.T., Mijares, A. & MacCulloch, R. 2009. Adelophryne gutturosa. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2014.3. <www.iucnredlist.org>. Downloaded on 30 March 2015.|
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