|Scientific Name:||Hyperolius rubrovermiculatus|
|Species Authority:||Schiøtz, 1975|
|Taxonomic Source(s):||Frost, D.R. 2013. Amphibian Species of the World: an Online Reference. Version 5.6 (9 January 2013). Electronic Database. American Museum of Natural History, New York, USA. Available at: http://research.amnh.org/herpetology/amphibia/index.html.|
|Taxonomic Notes:||This species is possibly a subspecies of Hyperolius mitchelli (Schiøtz 1999).|
|Red List Category & Criteria:||Endangered B1ab(iii) ver 3.1|
|Assessor(s):||IUCN SSC Amphibian Specialist Group|
|Contributor(s):||Schiøtz, A., Harvey, J., Malonza, P., Drewes, R. & Loader, S.|
|Facilitator/Compiler(s):||Morris, E.J., Luedtke, J. & Lutz, M.L.|
Listed as Endangered because its extent of occurrence (EOO) is 426 km2, it is only known from two locations, and there is continuing decline in the quality and the extent of its habitat.
|Previously published Red List assessments:|
|Range Description:||This species is known from the Shimba Hills National Reserve south to Buda Forest in coastal Kenya where it is found between 30-400 m asl. South of Mombasa it is replaced by Hyperolius mitchelli implying its range is restricted to these areas. There are two threat defined locations (in and outside of the Shimba Hills National Reserve). Using the range as a proxy, the extent of occurrence (EOO) is estimated to be 426 km2.|
|Range Map:||Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.|
|Population:||It is abundant in suitable habitat and, while its population size is unknown, it is suspected to be decreasing due to ongoing habitat loss. Wetland modification outside the National Reserve may negatively affect the population.|
|Current Population Trend:||Decreasing|
|Habitat and Ecology:||It occurs in a mosaic of moist coastal forest and densely vegetated wetlands (including moderately degraded former forest) where it breeds by larval development.|
|Continuing decline in area, extent and/or quality of habitat:||Yes|
|Movement patterns:||Not a Migrant|
|Use and Trade:||There are no reports of this species being utilized.|
|Major Threat(s):||Outisde the National Reserve the species is threatened by deforestation caused by expanding agriculture and human settlements. Chytrid fungus has been recorded in the Shimba Hills, but it is not known if this species is affected (Kielgast et al. 2010).|
It occurs in the Shimba Hills National Reserve, which is a popular tourist destination and is therefore relatively well managed. It also occurs in the Gongoni and Buda Forest Reserves which are in need of improved management.
Ongoing and improved habitat protection and management is required.
Further research is required on the species distribution, population status, and taxonomy. Additional studies should identify amphibian species at risk of chytridiomycosis infection in the Shimba Hills.
Howell, K.M. 1993. Herpetofauna of the eastern African forests. In: J.C. Lovett and S.K. Wasser (eds), Biogeography and Ecology of the Rain Forests of Eastern Africa, pp. 173-201. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge.
IUCN. 2016. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2016-1. Available at: www.iucnredlist.org. (Accessed: 30 June 2016).
Kielgast, J., Rödder, D., Veith, M. and Lötters, S. 2010. Widespread occurrence of the amphibian chytrid fungus in Kenya. Animal Conservation 13(1): 1-8.
Schiøtz, A. 1975. The Treefrogs of Eastern Africa. Steenstrupia, Copenhagen.
Schiøtz, A. 1999. Treefrogs of Africa. Edition Chimaira, Frankfurt am Main.
|Citation:||IUCN SSC Amphibian Specialist Group. 2016. Hyperolius rubrovermiculatus. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2016: e.T56200A17183208.Downloaded on 31 August 2016.|
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