|Scientific Name:||Hyperolius kihangensis Schiøtz & Westergaard in Schiøtz, 1999|
|Taxonomic Source(s):||Frost, D.R. 2014. Amphibian Species of the World: an Online Reference. Version 6 (27 January 2014). New York, USA. Available at: http://research.amnh.org/herpetology/amphibia/index.html. (Accessed: 27 January 2014).|
|Red List Category & Criteria:||Endangered B1ab(iii) ver 3.1|
|Assessor(s):||IUCN SSC Amphibian Specialist Group|
|Contributor(s):||Schiøtz, A., Howell, K., Menegon, M. & Loader, S.|
|Facilitator/Compiler(s):||Morris, E.J. & Luedtke, J.|
Listed as Endangered because its extent of occurrence is 171 km2, it is known from fewer than five locations, and the quality of its forest and swamp habitat in the Udzungwa Mountains is declining.
|Previously published Red List assessments:|
|Range Description:||This species orignally recorded from a single swamp in the Udzungwa Scarp Forest Reserve at 1,740 m asl in the Udzungwa Mountains in eastern Tanzania. Surveys conducted between 2013-2015 in the Udzungwa Scarp have found it to be widespread above 1,700 m asl. Its extent of occurrence (EOO) is 171 km2 and is constituted of fewer than fived threat-defined locations.|
Native:Tanzania, United Republic of
|Range Map:||Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.|
|Population:||It is relatively common within its range.|
|Current Population Trend:||Unknown|
|Habitat and Ecology:||It restricted to swamps in dense montane forest where it breeds by larval development; eggs are laid close to the water on leaves in the swamp.|
|Continuing decline in area, extent and/or quality of habitat:||Yes|
|Movement patterns:||Not a Migrant|
|Use and Trade:||There are no reports of this species being utilized.|
|Major Threat(s):||The main threat to the species is habitat loss caused by agricultural encroachment and small-scale wood extraction.|
It occurs in the Udzungwa Scarp Forest Reserve and is the subject of a monitoring program (M. Menegon pers. comm. October 2015). Protection of critical habitat is expected to improve as the Forest Reserve will become a Nature Reserve, which should reduce encroachment (S. Loader pers. comm. October 2015).
Ongoing and improved protection of the species habitat is required.
Further research is required to clairfy the species' distribution, population status and additional threats information.
Channing, A. and Howell, K.M. 2006. Amphibians of East Africa. Edition Chimaira, Frankfurt am Main.
IUCN. 2016. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2016-1. Available at: www.iucnredlist.org. (Accessed: 30 June 2016).
Poynton, J.C. 2003. Altitudinal species turnover in southern Tanzania shown by anurans: some zoogeographical considerations. Systematics and Biodiversity 1: 117-126.
Schiøtz, A. 1999. Treefrogs of Africa. Edition Chimaira, Frankfurt am Main.
Schiøtz, A. and Westergaard, M. 2000. Notes on some Hyperolius from Tanzania with the description of two new species. Steenstrupia 25: 1-9.
|Citation:||IUCN SSC Amphibian Specialist Group. 2016. Hyperolius kihangensis. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2016: e.T56148A16951518.Downloaded on 18 February 2018.|
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