|Scientific Name:||Afrixalus sylvaticus|
|Species Authority:||Schiøtz, 1974|
|Taxonomic Notes:||Pickersgill (2000, 2005) considers this form to be a subspecies of Afrixalus stuhlmanni, with which it hybridizes as forests are cleared. We follow Schiøtz (1999, and pers. comm.) in considering it to be a valid species. However, we follow Pickersgill (2005) and K. Howell (pers. comm.) in considering it to occur in the coastal areas of Tanzania, as well as in the Shimba Hills in Kenya.|
|Red List Category & Criteria:||Endangered B2ab(iii) ver 3.1|
|Assessor/s:||Martin Pickersgill, Arne Schiøtz, Kim Howell|
|Reviewer/s:||Global Amphibian Assessment Coordinating Team (Simon Stuart, Janice Chanson and Neil Cox)|
Listed as Endangered because its Area of Occurrence is less than 500km2, its distribution is severely fragmented, and there is continuing decline in the extent and quality of its habitat along the Kenyan and Tanzanian coasts.
|Range Description:||This species ranges from the Shimba Hills in southern coastal Kenya south through the East Usambara foothills in north-eastern Tanzania, as far south as the Kazizumbwi Forest in central coastal Tanzania. There is an unconfirmed record from further north along the Tana River in eastern Kenya. It occurs only very patchily within the mapped range due to limited suitable habitat.|
Native:Kenya; Tanzania, United Republic of
|Range Map:||Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.|
|Population:||It is fairly abundant where it occurs.|
|Habitat and Ecology:||It is a species of lowland forest that can survive in secondary growth and plantations, but not in completely degraded habitats. It breeds in temporary pools and water-filled depressions in forest.|
|Major Threat(s):||Although it can tolerate degraded forest and secondary growth, these habitats are also known to be suitable for A. stuhlmanni with which this species hybridizes, and this is probably the most serious threat to the species.|
|Conservation Actions:||It occurs in the Shimba Hills National Park, but the maintenance and protection of other tracts of lowland coastal forest habitat is essential to ensure the persistence of this species.|
Channing, A. and Howell, K.M. 2006. Amphibians of East Africa. Edition Chimaira, Frankfurt am Main.
Howell, K.M. 1993. Herpetofauna of the eastern African forests. In: Lovett, J.C. and Wasser, S.K. (eds), Biogeography and Ecology of the Rain Forests of Eastern Africa, pp. 173-201. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge.
IUCN. 2004. 2004 IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. www.iucnredlist.org. Downloaded on 23 November 2004.
Pickersgill, M. 2005. The taxonomy and ethology of the Afrixalus stuhlmanni superspecies (Anura: Hyperoliidae). Steenstrupia: 1-38.
Pickersgill, M. 2007. Frog Search. Results of Expeditions to Southern and Eastern Africa. Edition Chimaira, Frankfurt am Main.
Schiøtz, A. 1974. Revision of the genus Afrixalus (Anura) in eastern Africa. Videnskabelige Meddelelser fra Dansk Naturhistorisk Forening: 9-18.
Schiøtz, A. 1975. The Treefrogs of Eastern Africa. Steenstrupia, Copenhagen.
Schiøtz, A. 1999. Treefrogs of Africa. Edition Chimaira, Frankfurt am Main.
|Citation:||Martin Pickersgill, Arne Schiøtz, Kim Howell 2004. Afrixalus sylvaticus. In: IUCN 2013. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2013.2. <www.iucnredlist.org>. Downloaded on 12 March 2014.|
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