|Scientific Name:||Afrixalus stuhlmanni (Pfeffer, 1893)|
Megalixalus stuhlmanni Pfeffer, 1893
Megalixalus stuhlmanni Pfeffer, 1893
|Taxonomic Source(s):||Frost, D.R. 2015. Amphibian Species of the World: an Online Reference. Version 6.0. New York, USA. Available at: http://research.amnh.org/herpetology/amphibia/index.html.|
|Taxonomic Notes:||There have been considerable doubts as to the validity of this species and it was considered to be a nomen dubium by Pickersgill (1996). However, we follow Pickersgill (2000, 2005) in considering it to be a valid form.
Pickersgill (2005) considers Afrixalus sylvaticus to be a subspecies of A. stuhlmanni, but for the time being we retain them here as separate, though closely related, species that hybridise in areas where forest has been cleared. Afrixalus brachycnemis and Afrixalus septentrionalis have also been synonymized with A. stuhlmanni, but for the time being we will also retain them as separate (M. Menegon pers. comm. April 2015).
|Red List Category & Criteria:||Least Concern ver 3.1|
|Assessor(s):||IUCN SSC Amphibian Specialist Group|
|Contributor(s):||Schiøtz, A., Howell, K., Pickersgill, M. & Loader, S.|
|Facilitator/Compiler(s):||Morris, E.J. & Luedtke, J.|
Listed as Least Concern in view of its wide distribution, tolerance of a broad range of habitats and its presumed large population.
|Previously published Red List assessments:|
|Range Description:||This species is traditionally known only from Zanzibar Island in Tanzania. However, recent studies have shown that it occurs on the Tanzanian mainland from Amboni in the northeast, south to Liwale in the southeast, and inland to the Kilombero floodplain, as well as on Zanzibar. It is generally found below 300m asl.|
Native:Tanzania, United Republic of
|Range Map:||Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.|
|Population:||It is an abundant species in suitable locations.|
|Current Population Trend:||Unknown|
|Habitat and Ecology:||It is a species of grassy pools and marshes in humid shrubland, mixed farmland and savannah. It breeds by larval development in marshes, shrub-dominated wetlands, and permanent pools.|
|Movement patterns:||Not a Migrant|
|Use and Trade:|
|Major Threat(s):||Overall it is not highly threatened, and is an adaptable species, but certain populations are affected by urbanization and water pollution. It is hybridising widely with the forest species, Afrixalus sylvaticus, in areas where forests have been destroyed or heavily disturbed.|
|Conservation Actions:||It probably occurs in several protected areas. More research is needed on its taxonomy, population status, natural history, threats and conservation actions.|
Channing, A. and Howell, K.M. 2006. Amphibians of East Africa. Edition Chimaira, Frankfurt am Main.
IUCN. 2016. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2016-1. Available at: www.iucnredlist.org. (Accessed: 30 June 2016).
Pickersgill, M. 1996. A new subspecies of Afrixalus from KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa, and comments on its superspecies affinities. Durban Museum Novitates 21: 49-59.
Pickersgill, M. 2000. The ethology and systematics of eastern and southern African savanna Afrixalus (Anura: Hyperoliidae). Unpublished MSc thesis, University of Leeds.
Pickersgill, M. 2005. The taxonomy and ethology of the Afrixalus stuhlmanni superspecies (Anura: Hyperoliidae). Steenstrupia: 1-38.
Pickersgill, M. 2007. Frog Search. Results of Expeditions to Southern and Eastern Africa. Edition Chimaira, Frankfurt am Main.
|Citation:||IUCN SSC Amphibian Specialist Group. 2016. Afrixalus stuhlmanni. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2016: e.T56079A3034596.Downloaded on 11 December 2017.|