|Scientific Name:||Plectrohyla dasypus McCranie & Wilson, 1981|
|Taxonomic Source(s):||Frost, D.R. 2014. Amphibian Species of the World: an Online Reference. Version 6 (27 January 2014). New York, USA. Available at: http://research.amnh.org/herpetology/amphibia/index.html. (Accessed: 27 January 2014).|
|Red List Category & Criteria:||Critically Endangered A2ace; B1ab(iii,v)+2ab(iii,v) ver 3.1|
|Assessor(s):||Gustavo Cruz, Larry David Wilson, Franklin Casteñeda, Jonathan E. Kolby|
|Reviewer(s):||Global Amphibian Assessment Coordinating Team (Simon Stuart, Janice Chanson, Neil Cox and Bruce Young)|
Listed as Critically Endangered because of a drastic population decline, estimated to be more than 80% over the last ten years, inferred from the apparent disappearance of most of the population, probably due to chytridiomycosis; and because its Extent of Occurrence is less than 100 km2, and its Area of Occupancy is less than 10 km2, all individuals are in a single location, and there is continuing decline in the extent and quality of its habitat, and in number of mature individuals.
|Previously published Red List assessments:|
|Range Description:||This species is found in Parque Nacional Cusuco on the Sierra de Omoa, Departamento de Cortés, north-western Honduras, between 1,410 and 1,990 m asl.|
|Range Map:||Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.|
|Population:||This species was previously moderately common, but populations are currently undergoing drastic declines.|
|Current Population Trend:||Decreasing|
|Habitat and Ecology:||This stream-breeding amphibian is found on low vegetation along streams, and in arboreal bromeliads in lower montane wet forest.|
|Use and Trade:||This species previously appeared in the international pet trade.|
|Major Threat(s):||In 2007, the overall prevalence of Batrachochytrium dendrobatidis in sampled individuals of this species was found to be of an order of magnitude of 78%. Larvae of this species which are infected with Bd commonly develop oral defects including disrupted tooth rows and eroded jaw sheaths (especially the upper jaw sheath) (Kolby, J.E., Padgett-Flohr, G.E. and Field, R. in press).|
|Conservation Actions:||The entire range of this species is within Parque Nacional Cusuco. In view of the threat of chytridiomycosis, the status of this species should be closely monitored, and ex-situ populations should be established.|
Duellman, W.E. 2001. The Hylid Frogs of Middle America. Society for the Study of Amphibians and Reptiles, Ithaca, New York, USA.
IUCN. 2010. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species (ver. 2010.2). Available at: http://www.iucnredlist.org. (Accessed: 29 June 2010).
Kolby J.E., Padgett-Flohr, G.E. and Field, R. 2010. Amphibian chytrid fungus (Batrachochytrium dendrobatidis) in Cusuco National Park, Honduras. Diseases of Aquatic Organisms 92: 245-251.
McCranie, J.R. and Wilson, L.D. 1981. A new hylid frog of the genus Plectrohyla from a cloud forest in Honduras. Occasional Papers of the Museum of Natural History of the University of Kansas: 1-7.
McCranie, J.R. and Wilson, L.D. 2002. The Amphibians of Honduras. Society for the Study of Amphibians and Reptiles, Ithaca, New York, USA.
Townsend, J.H., Wilson, L.D., Talley, B.L., Fraser, D.C., Plenderleith, T.L. and Hughes, S.M. 2006. Additions to the herpetofauna of Parque Nacional El Cusuco, Honduras. Herpetological Bulletin 96: 29-39.
|Citation:||Gustavo Cruz, Larry David Wilson, Franklin Casteñeda, Jonathan E. Kolby. 2010. Plectrohyla dasypus. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2010: e.T55873A11366211.Downloaded on 22 January 2018.|
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