|Scientific Name:||Osteopilus pulchrilineatus|
|Species Authority:||(Cope, 1869)|
|Red List Category & Criteria:||Endangered B2ab(iii,v) ver 3.1|
|Assessor/s:||Blair Hedges, Sixto Inchaustegui, Marcelino Hernandez, Robert Powell|
|Reviewer/s:||Global Amphibian Assessment Coordinating Team (Simon Stuart, Janice Chanson, Neil Cox and Bruce Young)|
Listed as Endangered because its Area of Occupancy is less than 500km2, its distribution is severely fragmented, and there is continuing decline in the extent and quality of its habitat, and in the number of mature individuals, in Hispaniola.
|Range Description:||This species has a highly fragmented distribution on Hispaniola, which suggests that it is declining from a previously more uniform distribution. It has been recorded from sea level up to 1,091m asl. It is presently known to persist at only one location in the Dominican Republic.|
Native:Dominican Republic; Haiti
|Range Map:||Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.|
|Population:||This species has always been hard to find, but even so it appears to be in decline, with many historic populations that appear to have disappeared. It was not recorded during extensive searches of the Cordillera Central in the Dominican Republic in suitable habitat from 1998 to 2000. It was last recorded in Haiti in 1985.|
|Habitat and Ecology:||It occurs in mesic broadleaf forests, including remnant forests. Males call in flooded pools after heavy rain. Records from 40 years ago found the species in anthropogenic habitats such as rice fields, but recent records are all from forest. Eggs are laid in still water where the larvae also develop.|
|Major Threat(s):||Major threats include deforestation due to agricultural expansion, infrastructure development, and logging. Since it appears to have declined in suitable habitats, chytridiomycosis cannot be ruled out as a threat.|
|Conservation Actions:||Its range includes several protected areas in both Haiti and the Dominican Republic, although these are not well managed for biodiversity conservation. Further survey work is necessary to determine the current population status of this species in the wild, and to determine whether chytrid is a threat.|
Hedges, S.B. 1993. Global amphibian declines: a perspective from the Caribbean. Biodiversity and Conservation: 290-303.
Hedges, S.B. 1999. Distribution of amphibians in the West Indies. In: Duellman, W.E. (ed.), Patterns of Distribution of Amphibians. A Global Perspective, pp. 211-254. The Johns Hopkins Press, Baltimore, Maryland.
Hedges, S.B. 2001. Caribherp: database of West Indian amphibians and reptiles (http://www.caribherp.net). Pennsylvania State University, University Park, PA.
Henderson, R.W. and Powell, R. 1999. West Indian herpetoecology. In: Crother, B.I. (ed.), Caribbean Amphibians and Reptiles, pp. 223-226. Academic Press, San Diego, California.
Henderson, R.W. and Powell, R. 2001. Responses by the West Indian herpetofauna to human-influenced resources. Caribbean Journal of Science: 41-54.
IUCN. 2004. 2004 IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. www.iucnredlist.org. Downloaded on 23 November 2004.
Schwartz, A. and Henderson, R.W. 1991. Amphibians and Reptiles of the West Indies: Descriptions, Distributions and Natural History. University of Florida Press, Gainesville, Florida.
|Citation:||Blair Hedges, Sixto Inchaustegui, Marcelino Hernandez, Robert Powell 2004. Osteopilus pulchrilineatus. In: IUCN 2012. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2012.2. <www.iucnredlist.org>. Downloaded on 22 May 2013.|
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